Are any of the kingdoms/realms of the Forgotten Realms based on real world civilisations?


Have designers/writers for D&D ever cited explicit real world corolaries (current or historical) for any of the civilizations or peoples of the Forgotten Realms?

I’m looking at building a new character for an upcoming campaign and I think it would help me to role play better if I can contextualize it as a citizen of a real country or region.