Holomorphic functions are my muse. As my muse, I love drawing them different ways. Allow me to frame this as though an artist talking about his muse.

A holomorphic function $ f$ on the unit disk $ \mathbb{D}$ is completely determined (and not only determined, represented) by $ \{f^{(j)}(0)\}_{j=0}^\infty$ .

$ $ f(z) = \sum_{j=0}^\infty f^{(j)}(0) \frac{z^j}{j!}$ $

Similarly a holomorphic function $ f$ on $ \mathbb{D}$ is completely determined (and not only determined, represented) by its values on any contour $ \mathcal{C} \subset \mathbb{D}$ .

$ $ f(z) = \int_{\mathcal{C}} \frac{f(\zeta)}{\zeta – z}\,d\zeta$ $

Adding more constraints, and restricting my muse to certain poses, you can find better and more nuanced art:

If $ f$ is entire, and $ |f(z)| < C e^{\tau |z|^\rho}$ everywhere, for arbitrary constants $ C,\rho,\tau \in \mathbb{R}^+$ , then $ f$ is completely determined (and not only determined, $ nearly$ represented) by its zeroes $ \{a_j\}_{j=1}^\infty$ .

$ $ f(z) = e^{p(z)}\prod_{j=1}^\infty (1 – \frac{z}{a_j})e^{-\frac{z}{a_j} – \frac{z^2}{2a_j^2} -…-\frac{z^n}{na_j^n}}$ $

where $ n$ is the closest greatest integer to $ \rho$ and $ p$ is a polynomial of at most degree $ n$ .

My muse also has rare representations, that bring out specificity and still beauty. Thanks to Ramanujan’s careful deliberations,

A holomorphic function $ f$ on $ \mathbb{C}_{\Re(z)>0}$ , such that $ |f(z)|< Ce^{\rho |\Re(z)| + \tau |\Im(z)|}$ , for arbitrary constants $ C, \rho, \tau \in \mathbb{R}^+$ with $ \tau < \pi/2$ , then $ f(z)$ is completely determined (and not only determined, represented) by $ f \big{|}_{\mathbb{N}}$ .

$ $ f(z)\Gamma(1-z) = \int_0^\infty \vartheta(-x)x^{-z}\,dx$ $

where $ \vartheta(x) = \sum_{j=0}^\infty f(j+1) \frac{x^j}{j!}$ , $ \Gamma$ is the Gamma function, and $ 0 < \Re(z) < 1$ . This can be extended to the expression

$ $ f(z)\Gamma(1-z) = \sum_{j=0}^\infty f(j+1)\frac{(-1)^j}{j!(j+1-z)} + \int_1^\infty \vartheta(-x)x^{-z}\,dx$ $

which works for all $ \mathbb{C}_{\Re(z) > 0}$ .

What other instances do holomorphic functions (on any domain subject to whatever constraints) admit a unique representation theorem based on a sliver of information about the function. Slightly different than identity theorems, as these determine, but rather examples that also represent.

If need be this can be Community wiki.

Thank you and Happy New Year,

Richard Diagram