Count Unique Subsequences to Destination?


I am looking at this post:

Jamie is walking along a number line that starts at point 0 and ends at point n. She can move either one step to the left or one step to the right of her current location , with the exception that she cannot move left from point 0 or right from point n.

In other words, if Jamie is standing at point i,she can move to either i-1 or i+1 as long as her destination exists in the inclusive range [0,n]. She has a string, s, of movement instruction consisting of the letters l and r, where l is an instruction to move one step left and r is an instruction to move one step right. Jamie followed the instructions in s one by one and in order. For example if s=‘rrlr’, she performs the following sequence of moves: one step right ->one step right ->one step left -> one step right. Jamie wants to move from point x to point y following some subsequence of string s instruction and wonders how many distinct possible subsequence of string s will get her from point x to point y. Recall that a subsequence of a string is obtained by deleting zero or more characters from string.

It has four parameters

  • A String , s giving a sequence of moves using the characters l( i.e. move left one unit ) and r (i.e. move right one unit)
  • An integer n, denoting the length of the number line.
  • An integer x, denoting Jamie’s starting point on the number line
  • An integer y , denoting Jamie’s ending point on the number line.

The function must return an integer denoting the total number of distinct subsequence of strings that will lead Jamie from point x to point y as this value can be quite large.

Sample Input rrlrlr

6

1

2

output = 7

Let’s add few more constraints to simply the questions:

  • 1 <= length of s <= 10^3
  • 0 <= x, y < n <= 2500

I wonder what the runtime is for the proposed solution there:

int distinctSequences (int n, int a, int b, const std::string& actions) {     std::unordered_map<int, int> readyForR, readyForL;     auto res{0};      if (a > 0) {         readyForL.emplace(a, 1);     }      if (a < n) {         readyForR.emplace(a, 1);     }      std::unordered_map<int, int> nextReadyForR, nextReadyForL;      for (auto c: actions) {         nextReadyForR.clear();         nextReadyForL.clear();          if (c == 'r') {             for (auto [pos, count]: readyForR) {                 auto pp1{pos+1};                                  nextReadyForR.emplace(pp1, count);                 readyForL[pp1] += count;                  if (pp1 == b) res += count;             }              nextReadyForR.erase(n);             std::swap(readyForR, nextReadyForR);         } else {             for (auto [pos, count]: readyForL) {                 auto pm1{pos-1};                                  nextReadyForL.emplace(pm1, count);                 readyForR[pm1] += count;                  if (pm1 == b) res += count;             }              nextReadyForL.erase(0);             std::swap(readyForL, nextReadyForL);         }     }      return res; } 

What’s its runtime complexity?