I know for factoring we have the RSA Numbers, in which factoring one of them quickly (usually) indicates a breakthrough in the field. However, I want to know if there’s something similar for SUBSET-SUM, in which there are hard instances that if solved, would be a "big deal"? I found this, but they don’t seem to be unsolved.
One way would to take the RSA numbers, convert them to 3-SAT, then convert to SUBSET-SUM, but the weights generated are very large. Maybe there’s a way to convert FACTOR (the special case of two prime factors, to be specific) to SUBSET-SUM?