Oauth2.0 | How to manage user session in Single Page application running in an iframe?


I’m new to security domain, and recently I have learned about Oauth2.0/OpenID connect and JWT tokens. I have an existing REST based web application where I need to implement security.

Server

Application A: Spring boot back-end application sever, with some RestEndpoints exposed connected with Mysql database.

Front End

Application B: Spring boot Web Applicaiton which have some JSP pages for login and some other template features(Also connected with same Mysql database used by back-end server).

Application C: Inside application B we have an Iframe in which Angular app is running, angular app calls the back-end server and show data.

Also in future we want to use SSO for our application as well.

Current Security

At the moment we don’t have any security on back-end server (i.e We can simply call RestEnd points without any authentication), Application B has basic login security implemented via spring security. User logins on application B and then he/she can use application C (Angular) as well. User session is managed at Application B, when session expires users forced to logout.

Oauth2 Authorization

What we are trying to acheive is make the server (Application A) as Oauth2Resource server and Oauth2Authorization server. Application B (JSP front end) remove database connection from it as well as the login controller, application B will call oauth2 server for authorizing user with "password" flow, when application B will receive access_token and refresh_token it will then somehow pass it to Iframe (angular app) to store these tokens inside cookie and on every subsequent request to server angular will add access token to it.

I’ve read articles about that Oauth2.0 have deprecated the use of "Implicit Flow", and they prefer to use the "Authorization Code Flow". I am having a very hard time to understand how this flow can be used for single page applications(SPA like angular). Also where to store the access_token and refresh_token if I use the implcit flow? I’m aware that storing both tokens in cookies is not a good practice.

Also how to manage user session now? what I have gathered so far is that, on requesting resource server with Bearer access token, when we get unauthorized response, we’ll then request for new access token with help of refresh token, but in case when refresh_token is also expired I will force user to login screen. Is this right approach?

Sorry for the long context, any help will be highly appreciated. Thanks