# Python program to print all permutations of a string in lexicographic order using recursion

An assignment at school required me to print all permutations of a string in lexicographic or dictionary order.

Here is my solution to the task –

``from math import factorial  def print_permutations_lexicographic_order(s):      seq = list(s)     for _ in range(factorial(len(seq))):         print(''.join(seq))         nxt = get_next_permutation(seq)         # if seq is the highest permutation         if nxt is None:             # then reverse it             seq.reverse()         else:             seq = nxt  def get_next_permutation(seq):     """     Return next greater lexicographic permutation. Return None if cannot.      This will return the next greater permutation of seq in lexicographic order. If seq is the highest permutation then this will return None.      seq is a list.     """     if len(seq) == 0:         return None      nxt = get_next_permutation(seq[1:])      # if seq[1:] is the highest permutation     if nxt is None:         # reverse seq[1:], so that seq[1:] now is in ascending order         seq[1:] = reversed(seq[1:])          # find q such that seq[q] is the smallest element in seq[1:] such that         # seq[q] > seq         q = 1         while q < len(seq) and seq > seq[q]:             q += 1          # if cannot find q, then seq is the highest permutation         if q == len(seq):             return None          # swap seq and seq[q]         seq, seq[q] = seq[q], seq          return seq     else:         return [seq] + nxt   s = input('Enter the string: ') print_permutations_lexicographic_order(s)) ``

Here are some example inputs/outputs:

``Enter the string: cow >>> cow     cwo     ocw     owc     wco     woc  Enter the string: dogs >>> dogs     dosg     dsgo     dsog     gdos     gdso     gods     gosd     gsdo     gsod     odgs     odsg     ogds     ogsd     osdg     osgd     sdgo     sdog     sgdo     sgod     sodg     sogd     ogds     ogsd ``

So, I would like to know whether I could make my program shorter and more efficient.

Any help would be highly appreciated.

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