Reason for fake academic pdf files found on sites like Google Scholar?

Using my web-browser, I clicked a link on Google Scholar that led to a fake paper (in .pdf format). The pdf contained many keywords and phrases related to the research topic, possibly for search engine indexing, but it was not a readable paper.

My question is: what is the purpose of these fake academic pdfs? Is it to install malware? Why upload a pdf filled with keywords, but nothing else? In my particular case, here is a link from Google Scholar that contains the site hosting these pdfs:

Visa for an academic conference iin Europe

I am registered for a conference in Switzerland on July 20-26. However, the Swiss embassy does not have an appointment till July 9, which probably won’t give me a visa in time for the conference.

I had originally planned to combine the conference with a short trip afterwards to another European country. However, if I change my plans a little bit, I can spend more time in one other country (France) than Switzerland.

Would it then be right to apply for a French visa (embassy appointments for France are available earlier than Switzerland)? I will still be providing documents showing my attendance at a conference in Switzerland, which makes it a businesss visit, but also hotel documents showing that I will be in France (as a tourist) longer than in Switzerland.

Note – similar visa questions have been asked before, but they were about only tourism and did not have the added issue of attending a conference.

I have a B1/B2 visa that was applied for a conference in US, but I missed the conference. Can I use my visa for an academic visit?

I am a Chinese national that studied at a US university before and am currently working in India as a postdoctoral researcher. Last year I applied for a B1/B2 visa to attend a conference in the US. I got the visa eventually, but only after the conference.

My question is: can I use the visa (which is multi-entry and has no annotation) for an academic visit? Specifically, I plan to visit my former Ph.D. advisor at a US university for one week but wonder if my visa can be used for this purpose and if there are any restrictions. Thank you.

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Mac Spoofing and academic literature

After discussing with some guy at the Finnish Ubuntu Forum and solving my Wi-Fi-router problem, he said that perhaps Snowden had to use MAC Spoofer -software during his escape travels when I asked him his opinion for MAC Spoofing for your network security.

My question appeal to Mac Spoofing Academic literature. How much there is it, and what do you suggest to be the relevant topics for the killer master thesis and even doctoral thesis about MAC Spoofing. If I¨ll discover some common topic about MAC Spoofing in my master thesis, is there any point to make kiler MAC Spoofing software (Open Source) for a doctoral thesis in Computer Sciences? How much there have been research around this topic and academic sources and what´s the current demand and value for this kind of work?

What would be the best place for sharing Call for Papers for NEW Academic Journal about UX and Urban Creativity?

The journal of User Experience & Urban Creativity (UXUC) is concerned with improving the experience of living in cities. Although all UX disciplines focus on improving designs for people to use, the human experience of the built environment is of crucial importance because a majority of people now live in an urban or suburban environment.

Worldwide, there are a myriad urban design approaches in cities both modern and ancient. People inhabit, decorate, customize, modify, and fit their environment to their purposes. We aim to cross-pollinate, across cultures, across time, and thus to help envision more human-centered cities.

We invite case studies, theoretical explorations, stories from UX practitioners, best practices, cautionary tales, and practical approaches for improving human-city interaction and the urban environment. We are interested in photo essays, architectural drawings, lessons from history, first-person accounts and interpretations, academic research, information about urban design working groups, articles on techniques, methodologies, explorations of bad design, before-and-after transformations, policy and politics of urban design change, and philosophical principles for urban (re)design and usability.

Call for Papers 2019, Theme: Urban User Experience: How can cities become better human habitat?

More info:

Why Your Academic Marks Are a Factor in Career Building

Whether the grades and degrees matter to get entry into the workforce, it entirely depends on the employer. To some, it matters, to others it may not. But for majority, it definitely does. An employer just cannot take a student who has got low marks in specific subjects or low grades in assignments in his/her prestigious company for a designated post. Though it is said that you can get a job whenever you like, apparently it is not any job that you like. For example, you can get a job as a newspaper delivery boy but if you want a job in a reputed law firm then definitely you have to know the subject. Isn’t it correct? You can always be a delivery boy carrying files in a bank, but you need to have the grades to find the entry point and get a promising position in the banking sector.

Now several questions arise as what actually is success and how it is defined at the college or university level. The next question that arises is what is the ‘workforce’ like? The nature of the company, name of the organization and their respective criterion to absorb a fresh candidate etc. matters a lot. The ‘criteria’ aspect varies from organization to organization, and the whole thing entirely depends on certain prospects of the recruiting company.

Starting with the success part, being successful in college or university depends on ‘how strong the base is’, right from school level. So it is not just that you must have top grades in college or university but from school level as well. Achieving good grades or marks in school helps to take up the desired subject for higher studies in universities and get the dream job.

Now when success is directly related to high grades, there are different parameters in this ‘grade’ sector that affects success as well. If you have to define success at a student level, just ask a student what success to him/her means and the only answer will be getting those A+ grades in the assignments and the highest marks in exams. Some will say getting the needed marks to get a well-paid job means success to them. But there are also few that will define success as getting their dream job, the job they have always wanted and hence got their degrees in that subject with flying colors.

Coming to success in college and universities, only those students are termed successful whose results are the best combining the marks of the semesters in the course? But somewhere it can be said that there is the presence of loopholes which make certain students a little less successful in certain terms. Why? Because not all students will like all the papers of the different semesters. Say suppose a certain degree course is divided into six semesters and each semester has five different papers where the student has to give written exam as well as write assignments for each paper and do a thesis or dissertation in the last semester.

Since all the papers make a complete course, it is necessary for the students to pass in each semester. But the question is how to acquire top grades in all the papers. There must obviously be some papers which the students do not like and that will lead to poor gradation which will affect the final marks. Some might be good in studies but do not like to write assignments. Others may not find time enough to do the assignment writing. The same concern is about the doing the assignment of the final semester where they have to either write a dissertation or a thesis which again solely depends on the university and complete the course. These things do leave their effects on getting grades and finally getting a job.

We all know that knowledge in a definite subject is the prime necessity of getting a job. One must have a substantial quantity of knowledge preferably practical knowledge which is always welcomed by prospective employers. With knowledge, there is the requirement of skill set as well. For example, one who aspires to become a content writer must not only have adequate knowledge in the subject but also should have the writing skills to compose a paper. Just like this, various other skills are needed depending on different academic subject areas. But one question that arises is what about those students who perhaps might not be so studious in college but have excellent skills somewhere else? Will they not get a job?

Here is where the question of the workplace comes. It depends on the requirements of the workplace that if a fresh graduate from college or university will get absorbed in the company or organization. Now there are two ways to go through the whole thing. Either the student can aim at where he/she wants to get absorbed or after getting the marks look for jobs that suit. But this is not ultimate.

Hiring in the companies depends on the position where the employer wants to get the candidate, what he is looking into the candidate, who will take the interview, etc. There are several factors which determine this. So strictly it cannot be said that it is only the marks that decides a student’s future. In some place, knowledge, as well as skill set, is seen and in some they prefer the practical knowledge and skills instead of theoretical knowledge. It also depends on the type of industry as well.

A prominent example which can sometimes be seen is that a student might not like to attend regular class or did not do any such degree course but have superb skills in software development and constructing website. Still he is not getting a well-paid job in a reputed company even after giving the interview and finding it just for not having the required degree or marks.

Concluding on this note, it can be said that it all depends on the organization that is looking for candidates according to their requirements. It all again depends upon the industry. A law firm will take students who have degrees and top marks on the subject so definitely the student will have to have the best success record in his law school along with the best marks.

And this is not only about law school. It can also be said that top companies hire students having a perfect combination and balance of knowledge and skill sets. It can be further concluded that definitely, a student needs to hold high grades in all his semesters be it in assignment and examinations. With a stiff competition which can be seen in every job field, a prospective student’s grade records are scanned and tightly scrutinized as every employer wants to hire the best candidate and get the value of what they pay as salary. Also on a student’s part this is applicable that he needs to score the best grades to get a well-paid job.

Summing up everything, it can be said that the grades that students get in colleges and universities are a major determining factor that guarantees a grand entrance into the workforce. So, in short, don’t risk your grades. If required, take tutorials, avail expert help and secure top grades.