What does it mean to get an email from someone with a different actual sender?

I got a strange email and I just want to confirm my suspicions.

For background, I have my own email server which I set up using iRedMail on a VPS. I have an acquaintance who most likely has be on their address book, although I don’t have them on mine.

I got a highly suspect email with "Urgent! <acquaintance’s name>" as the subject, and a body that just said they need a favour. Looking at the headers of the email, I see that the Sender field is an unrelated university email address from another country, while the From field is my acquaintance’s name and a different email address than the one I had communicated with them in the past.

My hypothesis is that their account got hacked, the hacker stole their address book and is sending a scam to all of their contacts.

My fear is that my own server got hacked, or something. My email setup did not complain about this email even though I have virus scanning, and I expect that the regular checks (DKIM, SPF etc.) were done.

Can anyone confirm my hypothesis?

Is there an actual web browser “in the works”? [closed]

There are no web browsers left (for Windows/non-Macs). Chrome and Firefox are both pure spyware to the point where they are utterly unusable. 100% of all other browsers except for Safari (Mac-only) are "skins" on top of those same compromised softwares.

I’ve looked long and hard but there just seems to be no browser left. It feels absurd to type that, but it’s the truth. I’m typing this from Pale Moon, which is a Firefox fork, and other than Tor browser (also a Firefox fork and only usable for .onions), I simply cannot find any browser to install on my system.

There just is no usable browser left.

Pale Moon is a nightmare to use for YouTube, Twitch or shopping food. I have to wait for many seconds for each page to sluggishly load, and every click and scroll takes an eternity. There’s constant issues with videos and streams breaking in various ways, start repeating, or just generally load at turtle speed, unrelated to connection issues. (And this is a monster PC, so it’s definitely not related to local performance.)

Pale Moon is also very broken (just like Firefox) in terms of specifying a profile to use when opening a URL from the command line/script, and the same goes for "private browsing mode" which it ignores entirely. It’s basically an unmaintained, rotting mess. It’s so broken that it’s not even meaningful to call it a "browser", frankly.

No, Chromium, Vivaldi, "Brave", "Opera", "Edge" etc. are not browsers. They are skins on the same compromised Chrome spy tech. The only possible way to make a browser is to do what Opera did until 2012: actually make it. Not take an existing piece of code which you have zero control over and slap your logo on it, pretending that it’s a browser. It’s not. It’s a skin on top of Google’s or Mozilla’s junk.

I have zero confidence left in either Google or Mozilla. I will never use anything made by or depending on them.

And please, don’t make any tongue-in-cheek recommendation for Lynx or Links: http://links.twibright.com/download.php That page is like a cruel joke.

Frankly, I already know the answer to my own question: "no". There is no browser. All there is is Chrome and Firefox, and both are literally unusable.

I truly cannot understand how there can exist people who claim that Mozilla is somehow "fighting evil" when they are the evil. Maybe they run Linux and their distro has put heavy modifications on their Firefox package; that’s the only explanation I can think of. Try it on Windows, or just "unmodified" from Mozilla, and you will start crying.

And no, Chromium is not "Chrome without the spying".

What I don’t understand is what all these intelligent people could possibly be using. They seem to be all using Chrome, somehow ignoring all the spying. It’s like I’ve ended up in some parallel dimension or something.

Seriously: this is not a "rant". What do you suggest other than "stop using computers entirely", which I’d love to do but isn’t practically possible in my situation?

Where can I find transcripts of actual game sessions?

Some of us are getting together to play an RPG, but not everyone has been in one before. One of the prospective players has asked me for a transcript or something they could read to get a sense of what actually goes on in a game. I’d point them to a podcast, as in Where can I find actual play podcasts for RPGs?, but I’d like to read it myself first (and I can’t listen to podcasts), so:

Where can I find written transcripts of actual game sessions?

I’m basically looking for a script like:

John (Thograk the Orc): I dig through the pile of dead rats. Susie (Minzen the Paladin): Eww, that's gross!  Why did we invite this orc again? Frank (DM): Some of the rats look tastier than others, but no, you don't find     the Barrel of Healing buried in the pile. 

but from an actual game.

Is it safe to assume that my computer’s clock will always be synced with actual time within the second or a few seconds at the worst?

Years ago, I was running a service where the moderators were able to do various actions with massive privacy implications if the accounts or contributions were less than a short period of time. I did this by checking the timestamp against the current Unix epoch, allowing for X hours/days. Normally, this worked well.

One day, the server where this was hosted on had been “knocked offline” in the data centre where I was renting it, according to the hosting company. When it came back on again, its clock had been reset to the factory default, which was many years back.

This resulted in all my moderators potentially being able to see every single account’s history and contributions in my service until I came back and noticed the wrong time (which I might not even have done!) and re-synced it. After that, I hardcoded a timestamp into the code which the current time had to be more than or else it would trigger “offline mode”, to avoid any potential disasters like this in the future. I also set up some kind of automatic timekeeping mechanism (in FreeBSD).

You’d think that by now, not only would every single computer be always auto-synced by default with tons of fallback mechanisms to never, ever be in a situation where the clock isn’t perfectly synced with “actual time”, at least down to the second, if not more accurately; it would be impossible or extremely difficult to set the clock to anything but the current actual time, even if you go out of your way to do it.

I can’t remember my Windows computer ever having been out of time for the last “many years”. However, I do important logging of events in my system running on it. Should I just assume that the OS can keep the time at all times? Or should I use some kind of time-syncing service myself? Like some free HTTPS API, where I make a lookup every minute and force the system clock to me whatever it reports? Should I just leave it be and assume that this is “taken care of”/solved?

does the true seeing spell modify your actual sight, or give you a second sight?

The reason this matters is for determining another question: Can a creature under the effect of the true seeing spell see a creature under the effect of nondetection inside magical darkness?

True seeing reads:

This spell gives the willing creature you touch the ability to see things as they actually are. For the duration, the creature has truesight, notices secret doors hidden by magic, and can see into the Ethereal Plane, all out to a range of 120 feet.

As such it apparently gives the creature truesight (by means of divination magic). So the creature is granted a new sense, but is the use of that sense mutually exclusive to the use of their normal sight?