Can a standard Kobold Warrior make a Sneak Attack with a spear?

The standard Kobold Warrior has the Sneak Attack ability, which specifies:

The kobold warrior deals an extra 1d4 precision damage to flat-footed creatures.

But the general description of the Sneak Attack ability in the glossary says:

When the monster Strikes a creature that has the flat-footed condition with an agile or finesse melee weapon, an agile or finesse unarmed attack, or a ranged weapon attack, it also deals the listed precision damage. For a ranged attack with a thrown weapon, that weapon must also be an agile or finesse weapon.

The preface to Creature Abilities also says:

The statistics for individual creatures might alter the traits, the number of actions, or other rules of these abilities. Anything noted in a specific creature’s stat block overrides the general rules for the ability below.

The only weapons the kobold warrior has are a spear and a sling. Does this mean that he can only use his sneak attack with the sling (since a spear doesn’t have the agile or finesse traits)? Or is its own description of the Sneak Attack ability overriding the general one, and removing all the prerequisites?

opportunity attack (D&D 5e)

My question has to do with situations where multiple "player characters" are in simultaneous combat with one or more "non-player characters". If an ally steps back after each hit on the enemy, but remains within its reach, causing the creature to follow, until it is eventually out of the ally’s reach, would the ally then receive an opportunity attack?? I have studied the players handbook, and other core books, Reddit, and google searched, to no avail.

How does Shadow Sneek Attack Progress? Will it work with Strategic Strike?

Two question here. I am currently playing an Investigator in a Pathfinder 2e game. Thinking about going Shadowdancer.

A. How does Shadow Sneak Attack Progress? Is it just 1d6 forever, or does it progress on 11th and 15th levels?

B. Can it stack with Strategic Strike as Strategic Strike is not Sneak Attack?

If something happens “when an attack is made”, when does that something happen?

A select few features occur, not when an attack roll is made, but instead when an attack is made.

Three examples are the Protection Fighting Style, the Vengeance Paladin’s Soul of Vengeance feature, and the Arrow-Catching Shield magic item. These states (emphasis mine):

When a creature you can see attacks a target other than you that is within 5 feet of you, you can use your reaction to impose disadvantage on the attack roll. […]

[…] In addition, whenever an attacker makes a ranged attack against a target within 5 feet of you, you can use your reaction to become the target of the attack instead. […]

[…] When a creature under the effect of your Vow of Enmity makes an attack, you can use your reaction to make a melee weapon attack against that creature if it is within range. […]

Notably, there are numerous other features that occur when somebody is targeted by an attack, or when somebody makes an attack roll, or when somebody is actually hit with an attack, but none of the features above specify any of those scenarios. Examples of features that do specify are the Mastermind Rogue’s Misdirection feature, the Lore Bard’s Cutting Words feature, and the Monk’s Deflect Missiles feature:

[…] When you are targeted by an attack […]

[…] When a creature that you can see within 60 feet of you makes an attack roll […]

[…] when you are hit by a ranged weapon attack. […]

As such, I’m unsure when the Protection Fighting Style, Soul of Vengeance, and Arrow-Catching Shield actually takes place. Are they before the target is determined? Before the attack roll is made? After the attack roll but before knowing if it hits or misses? After knowing if it hits or misses? After the damage is applied? Does it vary with each feature? Is it some other answer entirely?

If I ready a action (spell) in response to a companion’s attack, what is a fair GM rulling over the order of events?

In our campaign, I have a cleric who wished to use Ready an Action as his move. His idea behind this was that he wanted to ready Guiding Bolt and the condition he set was that, when one of the player (fighter) attacked a creature (one of 2 trolls), he would release the bolt beforehand. Therefore the figther would have advantage on her attack if the Guiding Bolt hit first.

I ruled that the fighter hit first, but I’m not so sure now – and feel like I was unfair in my ruling, maybe.

I can see both points of view:

  1. If I was the cleric readying my spell, I would cast the spell as soon as I noticed my fighter’s companion intention to attack a creature.

  2. But, also if I’m the fighter and I’m 5′ away from a creature, maybe my attack would land first, before the Guiding Bolt.

I would like some RAW guidance on this please. But, if not explicitly available, then a response with lived experience of a GM on a similar ruling to do with resolving oder of events.

Does a Duergar Spy’s Enlarge action double its damage dice from its Sneak Attack trait?

In the module The Forge of Fury (tiny spoiler) there is a Duergar Spy creature. Its statblock is on p. 234 of Tales from the Yawning Portal.

I am interested in the way two of its features interact with each other, Enlarge and Sneak Attack. If the Spy qualifies for a Sneak Attack while Enlarged, are the damage dice added from the sneak attack doubled?

The duergar spy’s Enlarge action says:

For 1 minute, the spy magically increases in size […] While enlarged, the spy is Large, doubles her damage dice on Strength-based weapon attacks, and makes Strength checks and saving throws with advantage.

Its Sneak Attack trait says:

Once per turn, the spy can deal an extra 7 (2d6) damage when it hits a target with a weapon attack and has advantage on the attack roll, or when the target is within 5 feet of an ally that isn’t incapacitated and the spy doesn’t have disadvantage on the attack roll.

The spy has a Shortsword attack. A Shortsword is normally a finesse weapon, meaning one can use either Str or Dex for to hit and damage. The stat block suggests the Spy uses Dex, but explicitly applies Enlarge to it (the spy has a Str mod of +0 and a Dex mod of +3).

Shortsword. Melee Weapon Attack: +5 to hit. Hit: 6 (1d6+3) piercing damage, or 10 (2d6+3) while enlarged.

spell shield vs attack of oppertunity

My favorite class in pathfinder is a Magus. I’m considering playing a reckless, dex-based, magus who regulary carries out combat maneuvers. However I don’t want to allocate so many feats to improved combat maneuvers just so I can avoid attacks of oppertunity. I know spell shield won’t take away the risk entirely but in general, how effective would it be at reducing the chances of recieving a hit from an attack of oppertunity?

Relivant stats: the players are starting at level 7. my inteligence is +4.(+5, next level) my dex is +3. My AC is 21 – 25 after applying my Int from spell shield. I’ll also be upgrading to medium armor soon after the campaign starts. I have weapon finess so I can use Dex on attack rolls, (inclucding combat maneuver, attack rolls)