Is it better to take the array and be Joe Average, or to roll for the odds of getting on average better scores?

I am new to D&D. I was looking at character creation for D&D 5th edition. There were a few ways one could generate ability scores. I assumed the optional method of taking the numbers 15,14,13,12,10,8 would be at least as good as the default chance method (roll 4d6, drop lowest die), and more likely, just a bit better than chance.

However, with the above method, the summed ability scores is 72, which is just a bit shy of the summed average one would obtain by rolling dice: the average ability score generated by dice should be 12.2446, which means the sum of the average ability scores is 73.4676.

What the 15,14,13,12,10,8 method accomplishes is to give some moderately high scores, but no exceptional ones, without giving any terrible scores (dice rolling typically gives at least one score of seven or less). To my mind that suggests that the rationale is that many players may find that “joe just-below-average” across the board is better than Achilles, who is amazing in some ways, but has that crazy heel weakness. He is also maybe better than “Joe Exactly-average” who has no high scores and no low ones?

Are those rationales good, i.e. is it actually better to have Joe Just-below-average-with-some-bright-spots than Joe Completely-average or Achilles?

Correction: The odds of rolling all ability scores at 8 or above are 70%, so I misspoke when I said usually one will roll one score below an 8. In fact, usually one does not, but not in a strong sense. It is no more unlikely to get a score below 8 than two coin flips coming up tails. It happens.

I provide a quick chart at the end, which makes the statistics easy to generate. As I generated the numbers quickly, I confess the possibility of error. For the 1296 possible rolls of four dice here are the number of ways you can obtain each value as the sum of the best three.

Sum of best three | Number of possible rolls that give that sum of best 3 --------------------------------------------   3                     1   4                     4   5                    10   6                    21   7                    38   8                    62   9                    91   10                  122   11                  148   12                  167   13                  172   14                  160   15                  131   16                   94   17                   54   18                   21 

How can I better reward progression in a Mouse Guard campaign?

Mouse Guard uses a modified version of the Burning Wheel system. Within the modified rules set the players can immediately choose from a Rank and Age that both carry with them certain in game benefits (additional options for dice rolls and checks) at the expense of points in Nature. This trade off has a tendency to immediately create interesting and balanced parties as no matter what choices you make to start with you are not at a disadvantage opposite someone that chose a different build. The consequence, I have found, is that as the players progress the rewards for “leveling up” also carry with them the same inherent trade offs. You lose Nature while gaining the additional points in another skill. This, coupled with a flattened equipment list, makes it a difficult system to help the players feel like they are growing as they progress.

How can I provide a sense of growth and allow a group to feel they can start tackling more challenging goals within the framework of the modified Mouse Guard setting? I am open to role playing flavor but would prefer mechanical options if possible.

Should I make one request for the whole web site or separated requests, which is better

Hi guys,
I've just learned that you can make just one request to the server for the whole website like a trick below:

<!doctype html><html lang="en"> #Head     #CSSfile    <body> #Navigation_main #MainContainer #Footer #JSfile </body></html>
Code (markup):

In this case, I send just one request for a simple html file to the server.
At the server, I replace a hastag like #Footer with block of code like something below:

<div id="footer">     Footer Stuffs <div>
Code (markup):

Now, I was wondering…

Should I make one request for the whole web site or separated requests, which is better

[ Politics ] Open Question : Why do Canadians say their country is better than New Zealand?

when it’s a frozen hell hole for 8 months of the year. It never snows in most parts of the country in New Zealand and the temperature is bearable all throughout the year. You will never freeze to death in NZ, unless you climb a really tall mountain in the winter. NZ isn’t poor. Minimum wage is higher than Canadian minimum wage. But Canadians have better houses built for cold weather.  We have cheaper car insurance and cheaper cars.  NZ gets boring though. Not sure about Canada,  never lived there. Does Canada get boring? 

What protects me better from damage: Plate armour and a Shield, or Dodge?

What protects me better from damage: Plate armour and a Shield, or Dodge?

I am playing a Cleric mainly but I took one level in Rogue as it helped me with the Expertise. Now I am thinking about taking one more level as a Rogue. I want to know what has more potential to reduce damage for my PC. In the party I tend to have a balance of doing damage and doing some healing. My character is one PCs that tends to take quite a lot of the brunt of the fight and I want to reduce the overall damage I get.

Currently I am wearing Studded Leather and Shield, with a +4 Dex bonus = AC 18. I have been thinking of trading in my Studded Leather and using Plate Armour and a Shield instead to reduce damage. I have proficiency in Heavy Armour and Shields, so I could have an AC 20. I could take a level in Cleric which would give me +2 on an ability, which I could use to bring my Strength up to 15 so that I can wear Plate armour.

But, recently in a fight I was getting quite low on Hit Points and I chose to use Dodge as my main action a few times. This reduced the damage I got a lot; I got hit less times because of the disadvantage on the mobs’ attack rolls.

I am now considering taking the extra level as a Rogue as it would give me Cunning Action so I could attack or heal as my main action and then use Dodge as my bonus action to minimise damage.

Cunning Action

Starting at 2nd level, your quick thinking and agility allow you to move and act quickly. You can take a bonus action on each o f your turns in combat. This action can b e used only to take the Dash, Disengage, or Hide action.

(PHB p.145)

In my situation, is Dodge more effective at reducing overall damage than having an increase of +2 to my AC from having Plate armour and a Shield?

Please provide an example of the damage reduction in your anwer.

Thanks for you help with this.

How is site-to-site VPN better than SSL + IP whitelisting?

My company wants to move an internal web app to the cloud. The app only accepts SSL/TLS connections and requires all users to authenticate using our Single Sign-On provider.

Today when a user wants to access this internal app remotely, they connect to our corporate VPN. So the current plan is to configure a site-to-site VPN connection between our office and the cloud provider.

My personal impression is that whitelisting our office’s IP with our cloud provider would basically provide the same level of security. Everybody tells me that I am wrong but fails to give me a convincing argument.

My thinking is the following:

  1. Site-to-site VPN does not authenticate individual users or machines, it only guaranties that the traffic only flows between two networks (our office and our cloud provider). If the source of the traffic is restricted by its IP and the destination is authenticated by its valid SSL certificate, isn’t it the same?
  2. The encryption provided by the VPN is redundant since we already use TLS.
  3. If anything, the VPN option is less secure since it could let in incoming connection from the cloud provider which we do not need nor want.

The main argument that I’ve heard is rebutting point #1 on the basis that IP whitelisting is not secure because of IP spoofing. My understanding is that IP spoofing is basically only used in DoS attack and that an attacker would not be able to complete a TLS handshake while faking it’s IP (see this question for details).

Am I missing something here?

Which of these URL is better for SEO? [duplicate]

I am trying to restructure our website that is focus on Healthcare and could you please help me which of these two decisions for URL is better for SEO ? we present best providers for any healthcare procedures in each city and country. here is an example of rhinoplasty procedure in turkey:

1-is it necessary to write exact focus keyword in last folder of URL? In this example, rhinoplasty is our pillar page, so it has so many cluster contents that link back to it, such as this procedures in each countries, …

2-Is it necessary to put our main pillar pages in top level of URL? can we locate all pillar pages related to cosmetic surgeries inside cosmetic-surgery folder?


Which is better practice: digital password manager or a physical book of passwords? [duplicate]

These days, it’s not uncommon to have dozens and dozens of passwords for various sites and services. If you’re using different passwords for each service it can be basically impossible to hold all the passwords in your memory.

Some people keep a book with their passwords written down, and are occasionally mocked for doing so because if the book is lost or stolen, so are their accounts.

Others keep a digital password manager. These passwords aren’t hashed: a user can log in and see all their saved passwords.

The best solution (assuming we’re only using passwords) is to have unique, strong passwords memorized for each service, but that is implausible for the typical person and the volume of passwords someone needs.

Which of the following is the current best practice for a high number of passwords? Consider that the user needs to access these accounts from potentially several computers.

  1. Use a handful of passwords that you can remember and have several services share a password. (For example, three unique passwords over twelve services)

  2. Use a digital storage mechanism for storing passwords that can be accessed on logging in

  3. Keep a physical book of written passwords. Obviously it can’t be stolen digitally, but can be physically stolen or misplaced, and recovering from a lost book is very hard.

I’m assuming the person in question is keeping everyday information important to them (email, bank account password, so on) but not necessarily being specifically targeted by someone with resources. Any of these practices will probably fail against someone staging a coordinated attack.

Help me choose a better background for my image

Hey everyone,

My web designer made a design showing the public holidays, but I didn't like the background of the image. The page on which the image will take place does not look very harmonious in my opinion.

Could you recommend a background that will fit the page better? The table will remain the same.

Here’s the image and the web page that the image will be located.

Image: (sorry it's in Turkish, the image shows the national holidays in Turkey)…

Help me choose a better background for my image