The Passive Wisdom (Perception) score of my character on D&D Beyond seems too high

I just made a 7th-level Dragonborn Vengeance Paladin character on D&D Beyond.

It says his Passive Wisdom (Perception) is 18, but I don’t understand how they calculated that number.

The character has Wisdom of 10 (+0). He is proficient in Perception. His Proficiency Bonus is +3.

Shouldn’t that be 10 + 0 + 3 = 13? Why does his sheet say 18?

I would like to simulate a die from Anima: Beyond Fantasy in the Rolisteam dice roller on Discord. Can I do that, and if so, how?

As I’m sure anyone who has played it knows, Anima has interesting dice behaviors.

Manually keeping track of them is kind of a pain in the neck, so I was wondering if there was a way to implement them as a single action in this dice parser, over Discord. (my campaign currently uses this dice parser, although if this dice parser cannot be used, and a different dice parser or dice app (e.g. can, that would be something that could be set up.)

The behaviors that are necessary for this answer:

  1. The die, a d100, explodes on a 90, which then explodes on a 91, which then explodes on a 92, etc., until 100, when it will keep exploding on 100s.
  2. The die fumbles on the other end of the range, using a passed-in argument, since the fumble range in Anima can vary, in ordinary circumstances, between 2 and 5. (In extraordinary circumstances, it can vary between 1 and 5.) The particular stylings of output on a fumble is up to you, but it should handle, at the minimum, a fumble on attack/defense (subtract 1d100 from your roll, which does not explode), and a fumble on skills (compare a d100 result to a table). I am not going to require the core rulebook’s +-15 thing, as that has several issues in terms of how exactly it’s supposed to work.
  3. Preferably, adding arbitrary modifiers to the result should be easy to do.

Additional bonus points (worth no particular value) will be awarded for implementing the luck-manipulation powers in Prometheum Exxet as options, which are as follows and can be combined:

Option A: Die explodes on any doubles roll (11, 22, 33, …99)

Option B: Die explodes starting at 85, instead of 90.

Plot extends beyond given range

I have the following figure enter image description here

But you can see the lines extend beyond the x value of 30. I’m not sure why this behavior is showing or how I would fix it. Any ideas?

Edit: Here’s the code I used to create this plot

Show[  ListLinePlot[{Callout[n1[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "1", Scaled[0.9]],     Callout[n2[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "2", Scaled[0.9]],     Callout[n4[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "4", Scaled[0.2]],     Callout[n8[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "8", After],     Callout[n16[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "16", After],     Callout[n32[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "32", After],     Callout[n64[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "64", After],     Callout[n128[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "128", After],     Callout[ntheory[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "\[Infinity]", After]},    ScalingFunctions -> "Log", PlotRange -> {{0, 30}, {0, 200}},    Axes -> False, Frame -> {True, True, False, False},    FrameLabel -> {Style["T", 14],      Style["(E+1/3)\!\(\*SuperscriptBox[\(n\), \(2\)]\)", 14]}],  ListLinePlot[{Callout[r1[[;; , 3 ;; 4]],      "1\!\(\*SubscriptBox[\(T\), \(2\)]\)", Above, Background -> None],     Callout[r2[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "2\!\(\*SubscriptBox[\(T\), \(2\)]\)",      Above, Background -> None],     Callout[r3[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "3\!\(\*SubscriptBox[\(T\), \(2\)]\)",      Above, Background -> None],     Callout[r4[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "4\!\(\*SubscriptBox[\(T\), \(2\)]\)",      Above, Background -> None],     Callout[r5[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "1\!\(\*SubscriptBox[\(T\), \(1\)]\)",      Above, Background -> None],     Callout[r6[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "5\!\(\*SubscriptBox[\(T\), \(2\)]\)",      Above, Background -> None],     Callout[r7[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "6\!\(\*SubscriptBox[\(T\), \(2\)]\)",      Above, Background -> None],     Callout[r8[[;; , 3 ;; 4]], "7\!\(\*SubscriptBox[\(T\), \(2\)]\)",      Above, Background -> None],     Callout[r9[[;; , 3 ;; 4]],      "8\!\(\*SubscriptBox[\(T\), \(2\)]\)", {24, 110}, Automatic,      Background -> None],     Callout[r10[[;; , 3 ;; 4]],      "9\!\(\*SubscriptBox[\(T\), \(2\)]\)", {27, 110}, Automatic,      Background -> None]}, ScalingFunctions -> "Log",    PlotStyle -> Dashed, PlotRange -> {{0, 30}, {0, 200}}   ], ImageSize -> Large] 

You can see that I give the range of the plot as {0,30}.

APFS Container is corrupt beyond what I can find online – but Data Recovery software finds my things just fine?

I’ve followed guide after guide and nobody on the Internet has gotten errors as simple as I have. I’ve managed to use gdisk to change the partition type to the APFS it is meant to be, but it still won’t detect it.

However, I know all the actual data is perfectly intact, iBoySoft detects all 150gb of it within seconds – I just don’t have that kind of monney and don’t want to support that company.

Previously, I have been able to recover APFS data by a gdisk correction – that is not the case this time. I have learned a valuable lesson in APFS, though, that it is the only filesystem where you can’t move the left anchor 🙂

Any help would be greatly appreciated. I have a total of about 3 files I want off the old drive (which now is left-anchored to the BEGINNING of my SSD ;))

Partiton trying to be recovered is 0s3

Output of “diskutil list”: enter image description here Output of fsck: enter image description here Output of First Aid: enter image description here GPT Table: enter image description here Cursed recovery software finding all my files within seconds: enter image description here Diskutil trying to read my APFS container: enter image description here

Is my SD card beyond repair?

I’ve looked on other questions and from those answers I have tried SDFormatter and it produced this error:

[ERROR] Invalid end of sector signature: 0x4536 [ERROR] exfat_check_validate_boot_sector returned error: 22 (Invalid argument) [ERROR] Initializing cached values failed: 22 (Invalid argument) [ERROR] Generated invalid volume. exfat_volume_create returned: 22 (Invalid argument) 

Any ideas?

Book recommendations beyond an introduction

So I’ve scraped the surface of many topics, but I would like to go further. Can anyone recommend some continuations to the following introductory books? It’s okay if necessarily it needs to be a little more specialised.

  • Dynamical Systems – Brin & Stuck

  • Ergodic Theory – Ward

  • Stochastic Analysis – Le Gall

  • 3-Manifolds – Schultens

  • Geometric Measure Theory – Evans & Gariepy

  • Geometric Group Theory – Loh

How do dual-class humans gain proficiencies beyond their first class?

Similar to How do I calculate proficiency advancement for multiclass characters? – But for dual-classing humans.

When a human character dual-classes, do they earn the starting proficiencies of the new class?

When a human dual-class character advances a level on their second class where a single-class character would earn a proficiency slot, do they gain that also?