Is the Crag Cat or the Dire Wolf the mechanically better Wild Shape choice?

Which is the mechanically superior Wild Shape form in terms of survivability and situational benefits: the Crag Cat (SKT pg. 240) or the Dire Wolf (MM pg. 321)?

I know the Dire Wolf has better stats than the Crag Cat (AC/HP), but the features are drastically different. I’m looking for a mechanical answer, not an opinion.

I’m looking at these for possible Wild Shape options for a level 8 non-Moon Druid. My DM has already ok’d the non-MM choices.

Is the choice of static and dynamic typing not visible to the programmers of the languages?

From Design Concepts in Programming Languages by Turbak

Although some dynamically typed languages have simple type markers (e.g., Perl variable names begin with a character that indicates the type of value: $ for scalar values, @ for array values, and % for hash values (key/value pairs)), dynamically typed languages typically have no explicit type annotations.

The converse is true in statically typed languages, where explicit type annotations are the norm. Most languages descended from Algol 68 , such as Ada , C / C++ , Java , and Pascal , require that types be explicitly declared for all variables, all data-structure components, and all function/procedure/method parameters and return values. However, some languages (e.g., ML , Haskell , FX , Miranda ) achieve static typing without explicit type declarations via a technique called type reconstruction or type inference.

Question 1: For dynamically typed languages which “have no explicit type annotations”, do they need to infer/reconstruct the types/classes, by using some type/class reconstruction or type/class inference techniques, as statically typed languages do?

Question 2: The above quote says static or dynamic typing and explicit or no type annotations can mix and match.

  • Is the choice between static and dynamic typing only internal to the implementations of programming languages, not visible to the programmers of the languages?

  • Do programmers in programming languages only notice whether the languages use explicit type/class annotations or not, not whether the languages use static or dynamic typing? Specifically, do languages with explicit type/class annotations look the same to programmers, regardless of whether they are static or dynamic typing? Do languages without explicit type/class annotations look the same to programmers, regardless of whether they are static or dynamic typing?

Question 3: If you can understand the following quote from Practical Foundation of Programming Languages by Harper (a preview version is,

  • Do the syntax for numeral (abstract syntax num[n] or concrete syntax overline{n}) and abstraction (abstract syntax fun(x.d) or concrete syntax λ(x)d ) use explicit types/classes with dynamic typing?
  • If yes, is the purpose of using explicit types/classes to avoid type inference/reconstruction?

Section 22.1 Dynamically Typed PCF

To illustrate dynamic typing, we formulate a dynamically typed version of PCF, called DPCF. The abstract syntax of DPCF is given by the following grammar:

Exp d :: = x x variable            num[n] overline{n}      numeral            zero zero      zero            succ(d) succ(d)      successor            ifz {d0; x.d1} (d) ifz d {zero → d0 | succ(x) → d1}      zero test            fun(x.d) λ(x)d      abstraction            ap(d1; d2) d1 (d2)      application            fix(x.d) fix x is d      recursion 

There are two classes of values in DPCF, the numbers, which have the form num[n], and the functions, which have the form fun(x.d). The expressions zero and succ(d) are not themselves values, but rather are constructors that evaluate to values. General recursion is definable using a fixed point combinator but is taken as primitive here to simplify the analysis of the dynamics in Section 22.3.

As usual, the abstract syntax of DPCF is what matters, but we use the concrete syntax to improve readability. However, notational conveniences can obscure important details, such as the tagging of values with their class and the checking of these tags at run-time. For example, the concrete syntax for a number, overline{n}, suggests a “bare” representation, the abstract syntax reveals that the number is labeled with the class num to distinguish it from a function. Correspondingly, the concrete syntax for a function is λ (x) d, but its abstract syntax, fun(x.d), shows that it also sports a class label. The class labels are required to ensure safety by run-time checking, and must not be overlooked when comparing static with dynamic languages.


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How do I remove a blank checkbox option for a multiple choice column?

How do I remove a blank checkbox option for a multiple choice column type that allows multiple items to be selected? I am using SP Online. I created a list, with a multiple choice column type, with 3 options in a dropdown list. I also checked the box to allow Users to select multiple items in the dropdown list.

When editing the list, and clicking in that column, Users get my 3 options PLUS a BONUS (LOL) checkbox that is blank. How do I remove this blank check box option? I did not enter anything in the choices that would provide a blank check box.

I am seeing this issue in IE 11 and Chrome. Blank choice box showing up in a answer options for a multiple choice question type

Update multiple choice field values using Flow

Is there any way of removing multiple-choice field values from a specific column using Microsoft flow?

The logic behind the columns is given below. Once A is completed, move to B and once B is completed, move to C and once C is completed, move to D which works perfectly, however, how can I block the last column B if the user has chosen blocked?

Using the formula below, the user can change the last flow “completed” into “to do” and modify the previous states. However in my requirement, once the last step has been chosen as “blocked” I want to disable the user to change it back into “to do” and modify the previously completed states.

=AND(OR([B]="to do"; [A]="completed");  OR([C]="to do";[B]="completed");  OR([D]="to do";[C]="blocked");  O([D]<>"")) 

As an alternative, I’m thinking of triggering a flow such as if the user chooses blocked, remove all other multiple-choice values except blocked so user will not be able to change it into “to do” in order to make modifications to the previous states so it will be automatically locked.


Content query how to clean up # in multiple choice fields

I have a managed metadata as a multiple choice field and a simple choice field. When surfaced in a CQWP the metadata shows well while the choice shows as:


I want to get rid of the # and found this code. I tried to enter it in ItemStyle but obviously I put it in the wrong place, where should I put it to make it work? or do I have to change something in it?

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Multiple choice knapsack dynamic problem

Giving a the following:

A list of a store items $ T=\{t_1, t_2,…,t_n\}$ .

A list of prices of each item $ P=\{p_1, p_2,…,p_n\}$ .

A list of quantities of each item $ Q=\{q_1, q_2,…,q_n\}$ respectively.

And total bill $ M$ .

Our goal is to find any possible list of items that its total value is equal to $ M$ using dynamic problem.

My question does 0/1 weighted Knapsack problem help, where $ M$ can be the capacity of the knapsack, and the weight of each item equal to the quantity of the item. If there is any other better approach I would appreciate any references.

Less clicks or less choice?

I’m currently working on a new IA for a webshop. I’ve drawn out two examples.

OPT 1 (option 1) (more a flat(ter) hierarchy)

This ‘could’ be our new IA (it’s restructured). More choice (of categories) at the beginning and it takes a maximum of 3 clicks in order to get to the PDP.

OPT 2 (option 2) (more a deep hierarchy)

Our ‘old’ version of the IA. Over-all less choice, but it takes on average one more click in order to get to the PDP.

Main difference between them: OPT 2 has an additional three (generic) main categories at the beginning, that were deleted in OPT 1.

QUESTION: What would be the better solution here: have less clicks but more (specific) choice, or more clicks and less (generic) choices?

Personally I think, OPT 2 starts with three too generic category names that are confusing for clients and they don’t exactly know what to expect. But I’m not sure if starting with 8 specific categories, would be too much for users and impact their cognitive load because it’s too overwhelming.

Sadly we can’t test prototypes with end users at this moment.

Looking forward to your input.

P.S. the arrows stand for navigation possibilities to direct jump to (for example) PLP from the start.

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How to set default value of a text column based on another choice column

I have a choice column [Category] followed by text column [details] in the same list. While adding new item, by default, I want the value in [details] to be the same as what I selected in [Category] with the option for the user to change (override) it. Specifying default calculated value as [Category] is not working (shows as error). I am using SharePoint online (Office 365 E1). Any help appreciated.

InfoPath: Drop down choice shows incorrect data

I’ve just published an InfoPath Form, however, when I open up the form in SharePoint my drop downs are displaying the incorrect choices. ie. for choice 1 SharePoint displaying the choices from drop down 3.

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I’ve continued to publish and wonder how to sort my fields again so that the choices show up in the correct places. Any help would be greatly appreciated as this is urgent. Thank you