Which editions of D&D used the various cosmologies as their default?

There seem to be multiple ways to arrange the planes in D&D. There’s the Great Wheel cosmology, the World Axis cosmology and the World Tree cosmology.

The D&D 5e PHB (Appendix C, p. 303 specifically) shows that the Great Wheel cosmology seems to be the default cosmology for 5e. Given that the World Axis contains the Shadowfell and the Feywild, I guess that 4e tended to use that one (given that I believe those planes were introduced in 4e), and the World Tree would have been used before then?

Assuming it makes sense to do, can these cosmologies be “mapped” to editions of D&D like this?

How to capture an input device and prevent it’s default behavior

I have an RFID tag reader. But it works like a HID device (like a keyboard). It sends keystrokes to the computer when a tag is scanned. When I open notepad and scan a tag – it types the ID one digit at a time. Is there a way to create a program to listen to this device (or this port) and capture (intercept) all input. So that the keystrokes wouldn’t appear on my system but I could assign my own events when the device sends and input. I don’t want it to show up on Notepad.

I realize that the implementation can differ depending on the OS and programming language used. Ideally, I would like to make this work on both Windows and Linux. I would prefer to use something like Node.js but I suppose C could also be good.

I would appreciate any hints or pointing me in the right direction.

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Is there a default casting time for a spell or class ability if none is specified?

I’m relatively new to D&D. Only been in a group for about 2 months, and still learning stuff every time we meet. But my question is, If a spell/cantrip/class ability does not specify the required casting time (i.e. action, bonus action, reaction), what is the default setting for casting?

I was just wondering if such a thing even exists. Because I was looking at class homebrews for an upcoming campaign, and some of them don’t specify how to use the class ability in combat. I could just ask my DM how they would want to go about it, but I was curious whether any such rule exists.

Is there a default casting time for a spell or class ability if none is specified?

Was there really a scary default keylogging “feature” like this in ICQ in the year 2000?

So, in early 2000, ICQ was popular here. “Every kid” with a computer seemed to have it installed. I was not a popular kid, so I probably missed most of this, but I was once invited (or perhaps invited myself) to a kind of multi-person “group chat” in ICQ.

In this environment, which I only remember foggily, it resembled IRC, but was quite different. I’m not sure if it was a pure coincidence, but at some point into the conversation, I changed the “view” or “mode” (or something along those lines) to a secondary one.

You can guess how shocked I was to see that now, the window split up into many different sub-windows, each showing everyone typing in real time, letter by letter, including using the backspace button!

I remember getting a cold shiver down my spine, trying to remember if I had written something awkward and then deleted it before “sending” it (as I thought since the standard/default mode makes it look like messages are kept local until you press Enter). I was, and still am, convinced that the main purpose of inviting me and the others to that “group chat” was for the owners/creators of the group chat to collect juicy data on us unsuspecting fools.

Still to this day, I think back at this and many other similar things from those days. Spying was really a thing even back then. (Don’t even get me started on Netbus.exe and having some unknown stranger start typing on my screen one day, probably having lurked for weeks or months, downloading private files of mine and spying on my desktop…)

Anyway, my question is: did I dream/hallucinate this, or was this actually a feature in ICQ of that time? Since it was no the default view, few if any would notice this, and I only did it out of sheer coincidence. Since I was seeing what everyone else was typing in real time, I assume that either they also didn’t know about this, or they all knew about it and had actively enabled it. The latter scenario seems the most unlikely.

No matter what the answer is, this kind of thing freaks me out. I also remember that ICQ would openly display everyone’s IP address in their “profile” inside the program, seemingly made specifically to enable these kinds of privacy violations.

And the saddest part is that the GUI of the program itself was gloriously beautiful in its simplicity (until they ruined it with bloat). I really loved how those early IMs looked visually. And you could search for new friends freely in a way which would be unimaginable today or even just a few years later. Such bittersweet memories…

Is apparmor default deny?

Is apparmor default deny? For example consider the case under SELinux in enforcing mode, where I install a package with no policy associated with it. SELinux’s default behaviour is to deny all syscalls that application makes. Does apparmor work the same way, or do you need to explicitly create the policy first and install it.

Snort Doesn’t Generate Default Rules

I am new to information security, and am trying to set-up Snort

It seems like on Windows and Linux, that Snort doesn’t generate any default rules at installation. It doesn’t even generate default files, causing the .conf file to be mostly commented out, or having to generate the .rules myself. ./rules, and ./etc/rules are empty.

Why no default .rules? Is this intended? Is there a repository of rules that I can reference for my own learning?

Should non editable text have the default cursor on hover?

I’m seeing more and more website adding a global CSS body {cursor: default} for the cursor to be default when hovering non editable text.

I’m guessing the goal is to make a difference between selectable and editable text (given the fact that all text should be selectable), even if field should already have visual affordance to mean editable.

But the idea of having the text cursor means editable text instead of selectable text actualy sounds like relevant to me.

In OSes for example, most of the time, text in interface is selectable (kinda), but the cursor does not change. And everywhere else (but on a website / in a browser), I don’t see a text cursor meaning selectable.

Pros and cons?

Reasonable (big) default font sizes

In our app (a CAD type app for the casual computer user) we allow users to choose from a number of preset font sizes. These defaults are picked pretty arbitrarily from what OS X offers in their default Font Picker dialog, e.g.

  • 12
  • 14
  • 18
  • 24
  • ..

all the way up to 144. Now we’d like to add more default sizes for bigger fonts and wonder what reasonable defaults could be.

I guess in the first place we’d like to understand if there’s any reasoning behind the existing defaults in OS X, e.g. why 24/26/../144?