Do Google Photos’ images take up quota when appearing in Google Drive’s Google Photos folder?

In the following scenario:

  1. Google Photos is set to “high quality”, i.e. not included in quota
  2. Google Drive always seems to take quota for media
  3. Google Drive is set to show Google Photos

Will images that were uploaded directly to Google Photos’ website count as part of Google Drive’s quota?

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NVMe drives shows in lscpi but not on lsblk

I have two NVMe drives installed on my motherboard but only one appears when executing lsblk as follows


nvme0n1 259:0 0 234G 0 disk

I can see both of them when executing lspci so the system its able to recognized them in its root complex but not as a disk. It list them as follow:

First: 9c:00.0 Non-Volatile memory controller: Sandisk Corp Device 0100

Second: a8:00.0 SATA controller: Samsung Electronics Co Ltd Device a801 (rev 01)

Any guess?


Windows 7 SSD won’t boot in machine with Ubuntu HDD. Both have bootable drives. How can I get dual-boot to work?

My Dad installed Ubuntu (Linux Mint) on the HDD in his gaming computer (go figure) as he didn’t like Windows 10. I got him a game for us both to play, which he has been unable to install on Linux (we don’t want help with that, thanks).

I’ve formatted his SSD with Windows 7 using my own computer (call it “Computer M”) and it works absolutely fine (Computer M is a windows-only machine). When I mount it in his computer (call it “Computer H”), and set the boot order so the SSD goes first, it won’t boot, it crashes after the first few dots of the windows loading screen appear.

On ubuntu i’ve tried “sudo fdisk -l” and here’s what I get:

“Disk /dev/sda: 232.9 GiB, 250059350016 bytes, 488397168 sectors Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disklabel type: dos Disk identifier: 0x84b7372f

Device Boot Start End Sectors Size Id Type /dev/sda1 * 2048 488396799 488394752 232.9G 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT

Disk /dev/sdb: 931.5 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disklabel type: gpt Disk identifier: 4910AAF7-C50D-4C97-8812-97030E1A69A1

Device Start End Sectors Size Type /dev/sdb1 2048 1050623 1048576 512M EFI System /dev/sdb2 1050624 1953523711 1952473088 931G Linux filesystem”

If I try “sudo os-prober” nothing appears.

Using “sudo update-grub” I get the following, which has a distinct lack of the word ‘windows’ anywhere:

“Sourcing file /etc/default/grub' Sourcing file/etc/default/grub.d/50_linuxmint.cfg’ Generating grub configuration file … Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-45-generic Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-45-generic Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-20-generic Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-20-generic Adding boot menu entry for EFI firmware configuration done”

How can I get this dual-boot to work without re-installing windows or starting from scratch? Is it even possible?

The end goal is to be able to choose which operating system to boot into. If that’s not possible, it would be great to just be able to boot into windows; when the ubuntu drive is not mounted, the windows drive still won’t boot (again – it works fine in my machine).

I have no idea what I’m doing with ubuntu. I’ve been trying this for hours. If I can I provide any other info that will help answer my query, please let me know 🙂


How can I install Ubuntu on Windows 10 laptop with two hard drives on separate drives?

I have a brand new Windows 10 laptop that has two drives, a 512 SSD and a 1 TB hard drive. I would like to use the entire 1 TB drive to install Ubuntu on. I am new to Linux (just re-purposed an old Windows laptop to be all Linux two weeks ago and love it, but it is limiting because it is a 32-bit system.) I really need a 64-bit Linux machine for graduate school, but need Windows for work. I am afraid to make a mistake and risk loosing all the Windows installations I need for work. Is there a foolproof (yes I’m a Linux nube) step-by-step process? Thank you.

What Are the Game-Mechanical Advantages of High-Impulse Low-Thrust Drives in the Space Toolkit?

When Space Toolkit came out (with the Tachyon Squadron kickstarter), I was glad it included what looked like a way to abstract space travel while maintaining Newtonian behaviour of spaceships. But now I’m taking a closer look at those either missed something, or have trouble understanding the game-mechanical trade-offs between engines (among other things).

I’m looking specifically at engine rules of the Mass Drivers setting, on page 146 of the Space Toolkit:

a ship can travel from one space to another on the space map in a few days, which counts as one exchange. Modify this travel time per exchange by steps equal to the difference between the ship’s Mass and Thrust, decreasing travel time if its Thrust is greater than its Mass, and vice versa (Fate Core, page 197). Thus, a ship with Fantastic (+6) Mass and Good (+3) Thrust would shift a travel time from a few days up to a few weeks or half a month.

Modify the distance that the ship is able to travel in one exchange by the difference between its Mass and its Impulse, so that a ship with Impulse greater than Mass is able to move one more space on the map per exchange for each step of difference. This reflects how longer periods of acceleration allow for the accumulation of velocity.

And looking at the above formula, and I don’t see a game-mechanical reason to pick the low-thrust-high-impulse drive over the high-thrust-low-impulse drive.

In real life, the former has the benefit of generally having a higher ΔV, which adds up to a higher average and peak velocity over the course of the whole trip even despite low acceleration. When I look at the mechanics, a reduction of exchange duration seems to always result in a faster trip to the destination than an increase in the number of nodes crossed per exchange. (Specifically, as per Core 197, a step of time reduction offers at least a doubling of speed, and on average a bit more than that.)

Another way of looking at the increased fuel efficiency would be a drastic reduction in the rate of depleting the fuel stress track (minutes vs. weeks or more until empty), but I haven’t found a mechanical support for that either. Maybe I overlooked it somewhere.

What are the game-mechanical benefit of impulse-oriented drives that represent the things they’re cherished for?

I would like to understand the benefits of these drives in the rules as written, without resorting to rulings, hacks, fiat or the like. (If the rules are faulty, applying changes will be the next phase of tackling this issue.)