Is there a difference between editing HTTP messages manually or with burp for example? (WebGoat HTTP intercept exercise “problem”)

I am diving now into WebGoat, there’s this little exercise in the “general” tab calle d “http proxies” which asks you to use zap/burp to intercept and modify a request, this is what is being us asked.

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I understood what is being us asked to do, but I don’t understand why if I change it manually it doesn’t work, whereas if I use the burp button “change request method” does, as it’s the same text at the end, am I missing something?

This is the original request

And here after I modify it with the button

The only difference is that I write that GET string manually and then add the ?changeMe=Requests+are+tampered+easily I don’t understand why it won’t work and it’s driving me nuts.

Oh and another thing, if I enter the x-request-intercepted:true below Cookie sometimes wont work, is it being considered body or what? (there isn’t a break line)

How does the editing quality of officially published 5e material compare to that of 3.5e?

5e is a much more mechanically simple game than 3.5e and if we concern ourselves only with first party, officially published, fully edited, non-playtest material such as the official books, we find that the release pace of 5e has been much slower than 3.5e. In total, one would hope that the editing quality of 5e has been superior to that of 3.5e. But has this actually turned out to be the case?

To give some examples of how this question can be answered without too much focus on opinion-based elements, here are some objective standards for how we can say that the editing of 3.5e was poor:

  • Lack of due care. Examples include:
    • This handbook counts almost 1,000 dysfunctional rules in 3.5e. This includes blunders such as example characters being invalid, things imported from 3e that no longer make sense in 3.5e, or rules having a clear disparity between RAI and RAW.
    • Poor errata quality. Notorious cases include the Rainbow Servant’s “text trumps table” issue, WotC simply giving up after failing to fix Polymorph, and the Tome of Battle errata becoming a copy and paste of the errata for Complete Mage halfway through.
    • Books that are notorious for their poor editing, such as Serpent Kingdoms.
  • Game design blunders. Examples include:
    • The huge disparity between the usefulness of classes.
    • Classes that were obviously never playtested. The Truenamer is particularly notorious for this. It is not broken as in overpowered, it’s broken as in “does not work without the DM houseruling over the gaps and contradictions in its rules”.
    • Feats that are either “trap choices” (what Druid doesn’t take Natural Spell at level 6? And several PHB feats) or make your character worse despite appearing to be improvements (e.g. Vow of Poverty).
    • Several of the items in Weapons of Legacy make your character worse in exchange for giving you things that you could have easily obtained elsewhere.
    • Epic Spellcasting is either useless or game-breaking depending on what version you allow, no middle ground.

So, to repeat my question, how does 3.5e compare to 5e in non-opinion based editing regards such as these?

Design for grouping undo steps when editing text

Some undo for text editor editors handle text input differently.

  • Every key press is a single undo step.
    Typing in a word N characters long, requires N undo steps.
  • Undo steps use word boundaries
    Undoing will undo each word entered.
  • Undo steps use timer-based boundaries
    If you stop typing N milliseconds – this adds an undo step.
  • Undo steps add boundaries every N characters entered.

Given these different ways of handling undo for text input, are there strong reasons to pick one of these over another?

How editing html and javascript of a website makes it vulnerable? [duplicate]

This question is an exact duplicate of:

  • Is bypassing client-side protections a XSS vulnerability?

I was practicing web pentesting on this level of ctf2 and I was supposed to edit the HTML and the Javascript to get rid of the input validation and < > sanitization. I succeded after looking up the solution elsewhere.

Now what I don’t understand is why modify the HTMLand the Javascript. The changes will be lost once the page is reloaded, so how does that makes it dangerous? Is this how XSS is done, by editing the HTML/Javascript and injecting script tags to the input fields? And how does it threaten real users?

I know the challenge was ‘simple’ and there are no users who are threatened, but is it the same concept in real life? Thanks in advance.

What is google docs solution to handling multiple users editing and reading at the same time?

I have always been curious as to how google solved the solution of real time collaboration in their google docs product where they allow multiple users to edit and read the same document in real time.

I believe this is very similar to the well known readers and writers problem.

In some of the solutions that i have seen, we would need a mutex of some kind whereby the writers will have exclusive lock to the document itself and readers will not be able to read the document at all.

But in the google docs case, it is quite interesting whereby another user can read the document in real time and two users can both edit the same document at the same time without any conflicts which is very impressive to me.

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Removing / Editing Desktop Right Click Actions 16.04

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Nautilus actions helps define and add new actions, but I’ve been unable to use it to remove already existing actions.

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