[ Politics ] Open Question : Are Trump supporters filled with fear and anxiety every day?

that the 2020 election is coming up and Democrats are highly likely to take back the presidency? that a left wing woman of color, Kamala Harris, could be our next president? -that Mueller could release his report at any time and charge Trump with several crimes? -that the N word tape or any other tape or evidence of bad things Trump has done or said could come out?

What are the limits of Reflective Fear?

In D&D 3.5 fear is a very fun mechanic, typically the province of enemies but also something you can build a character concept around. Rather than describe all the rules here, I’ll link to this handbook on how fear works and how best to use it. This specific question is about the capstone ability for fear-based prestige class Dread Witch:

Reflective Fear (Su): At 5th level, any fear effect against which you successfully save is immediately targeted back at the source. You still gain the benefits of absorb fear. If the source of the fear effect fails its save, everyone else who might have been subject to the fear effect (such as your companions) immediately gains a second saving throw to shake off the effects, as they observe the object of their fear itself grow terrified.

I love this ability, but there are a lot of cases where it’s not clear exactly how it works. If a spell both causes a “fear effect” and does something else – either natively or because a fear effect has been added with Fearful Empowerment (another Dread Witch ability) or the Fell Frighten metamagic, for example – is only the fear portion of the spell reflected, or is the entire spell the “fear effect” and thus reflected? What about AOE: the effect is “targeted” back on its source, so does that mean only the caster is affected or that the spell affects everyone in a normal radius centered on the original caster? Last but not least, are metamagics that were applied to the original ability also reflected, and if so is the caster or the Dread Witch in control of metamagics like Chain Spell (which allows a single-target spell to target multiple nearby creatures, typically of the caster’s choice)?

What do victims of the fear spell do if their speed is reduced to zero?

The fear spell reads:

Each creature in a 30-foot cone must succeed on a Wisdom saving throw or drop whatever it is holding and become frightened for the duration.

While frightened by this spell, a creature must take the Dash action and move away from you by the safest available route on each of its turns, unless there is nowhere to move. If the creature ends its turn in a location where it doesn’t have line of sight to you, the creature can make a Wisdom saving throw. On a successful save, the spell ends for that creature.

What happens if it has space to move, but its movement speed is reduced to zero?

Does the Fear spell work with an Oath of Conquest paladin’s Aura of Conquest?

Oath of Conquest paladins emanate an Aura of Conquest starting at 7th level (XGtE, p. 38):

Starting at 7th level, you constantly emanate an aura while you’re not incapacitated. The aura extends 10 feet from you in every direction, but not through total cover.

If a creature is frightened of you, its speed is reduced to 0 while in the aura, and that creature takes psychic damage equal to half your paladin level if it starts its turn there.

Conquest Paladins can also prepare the fear spell starting at level 9, which states:

Each creature […] must succeed on a Wisdom save or […] become frightened for the duration.

An affected creature must take the Dash action and move away from you by the safest route on each of its turns […] If the creature ends its turn in a location where it doesn’t have line of sight on you, it can make a Wisdom save.

This question makes it clear that the caster is the source of the fear by virtue of being the character to cast it. However, while the caster is the “source” of the fear, it’s not clear that this is qualifies as “of you” and fear does not explicitly state that the creatures are afraid of you.

Contrast this with the cause fear spell (XGtE, p. 151), which does state this:

The target must succeed on a Wisdom saving throw or become frightened of you until the spell ends.

Or of the Conquest paladin’s Conquering Presence Channel Divinity option, which does as well:

As an action, you force each creature of your choice […] to make a Wisdom saving throw. On a failed save, a creature becomes frightened of you for 1 minute.

It’s clear that a Paladin who uses either Conquering Presence or cause fear would trigger the psychic damage of Aura of Conquest, but would s/he trigger it by casting fear?

Can you count as your own enemy? Using Bane with Reflective Fear

The Dread Witch prestige class (Heroes of Horror) has a nifty little ability called Reflective Fear:

Reflective Fear (Su): At 5th level, any fear effect against which you successfully save is immediately targeted back at the source. You still gain the benefits of absorb fear. If the source of the fear effect fails its save, everyone else who might have been subject to the fear effect (such as your companions) immediately gains a second saving throw to shake off the effects, as they observe the object of their fear itself grow terrified.

Seems a little situational for a capstone ability… but there’s a few tricks you can pull with this once you realize your own spells can activate it. For instance, if you have a beneficial spell (that has a visual effect) you can use fearful empowerment (another Dread Witch ability, 1/day) to give it a fear effect and cast in on yourself, chaining it until you fail your save against the fear effect. Now take that idea a little bit further and do the same thing with an AOE spell (either a fear spell or use your fearful empowerment). Endless fun. Potentially literally.

Which brings us to today’s specific question: does this work with bane? The spell targets every “enemy” within 50ft; if they fail a will save it inflicts a penalty on attack and will saves against fear (cue evil laughter, yes please). But can you count as your own enemy, targeting yourself and initiating a chain of infinite debuffs (until you fail the will save)? I’m tempted to argue that since you’re casting a hostile spell at yourself, yes you do, but that… seems a little too circular.

Why is there fear for cryptocurrencies?

The more various opinions we hear about Cryptocurrency, the more we realize that there is a new kind of phobic hysteria, which appears literally about everything related to Cryptocurrency, e.g. mining, trading, ICOs or lending.
In some cases, people provide interesting groundings concerning Cryptocurrency risks and instability.
But in many cases, their negative conclusions simply sound like scam, deception and other “demonizing” statements.
I think this phenomenon spreads around fairly fast.
We at Bitssa.com believe that it is about time that people will start realizing the importance of the use of cryptocurrencies as a fast and convenient method of transferring money. In layman’s language, the reference to hysterical phobia is simply the fear of the unknown. The terms like mining, trading, ICOs or lending are alien concepts to people. Education about advanced technologies such as the blockchain technology is the need of the hour. Remember about two decades people showed the same hysterical fear when the hype of internet boom was at its peak. People were scared to do online transactions with banks. But it was only with time that people realized that their lives were made easy due to the advent of the internet age. Similarly, the day is not far when people will incorporate cryptocurrency as a part and parcel of their day-to-day life and replace it with fiat currency.  For more info. read bitssa’s blog section.