What was the first published appearance of the Holy Avenger (or Holy Sword, or similar “holy” weapons meant for paladins) in the Forgotten Realms?

Anyone who has ever played D&D surely knows of the holy avenger, the mighty magical sword whose true power manifests only in the hands of a paladin. Where did the notion of the paladin wielding a special sacred weapon first cross into official material for the Forgotten Realms?

In case it helps, I trace the holy avenger back to early editions of D&D where it was presented as but one token of a broader type: the holy sword. The first printed appearance of the holy sword I can find is in AD&D 1e’s Supplement 1: Greyhawk, which presented the holy sword as if it were a class feature part-and-parcel of the paladin:

Paladins with any form of “Holy Sword” are virtually immune to all magic (see MONSTERS & TREASURE, MAGIC & TREASURE, Swords).

(See p. 8.) Two kinds of holy sword were offered there, namely the holy sword +5 and the sword of sharpness. (See pp. 46-47.) In AD&D 1e, the DMG likewise described the holy avenger (technically named “Sword, +5, Holy Avenger”) as “a holy sword.” (See p. 165.) And the 1e PHB again treated the holy sword like a class feature, though without actually describing the properties of the weapon itself:

If a paladin has a “Holy Sword” (a special Magic Sword which your referee is aware of and will explain to you if the need arises), he or she projects a circle of power 1″ in diameter when the Holy Sword is unsheathed and held; and this power dispels magic . . . at the level of magic use equal to the experience level of the paladin.

(p. 22; emphasis mine.) In 2e, the PHB (see pp. 27-28) did essentially the same. At least two 2e volumes specific to the Realms go on to mention holy avengers (though not holy swords):

  • Faiths & Avatars mentions holy avengers in reference both to characters with the Crusader kit (p. 184), and to the weapon carried by the avatar of Torm: “Duty’s Bond, a massive two-handed holy avenger +5 with all the powers of a sun blade as well” (p. 163).

  • Warriors and Priests of the Realms mentions the holy avenger, but curiously only in reference to evil Crusader characters. (See p. 64.)

Both Faiths & Avatars and Warriors and Priests of the Realms show publication dates in 1996.

However, given that Faiths & Avatars couches its write-up of Torm in terms of his activity during the Time of Troubles, it is conceivable that an earlier-published Realms novel might have portrayed Torm in his mortal life as a paladin wielding Duty’s Bond or some like weapon.

Are these the earliest-published references to holy avengers (or holy swords) in the Realms? Or is there an earlier origin, perhaps in 1e rulebooks or an early novel?

500 high DA Backlinks or link building for Google first page for $50

Hello sir, This is Somon Hossain and 4 years ++ experience on SEO services. Now I am Providing a complete package on Link Building or High DA Backlinks generator for your website. So, you order me for the Google Top page. Why do you select me? 1. Quality Backlinks 2. White hat link building 3. Constantly working by a plan. 4. 24/7 VIP support 5. The report provides every day by MS Excel Sheet 6. I am ready for a long-time work. 7. Well communication with each other I am working always to this plan: 1. Keyword Research 2. Social Bookmarking 3. Blog Commenting 4. Forum Posting 5. Signature link posting 6. Guest posting (condition apply) 7. backlinks generate by E-mail Marketing 8. Social Media posting 9. Global or local link building 10. Paid promotion on Facebook, Google, etc. Finally, this plan is 100% working. Your website comes toGoogle’s first page. So, you can hire me for this job. Thank you very much for visiting my service Somon Hossain

by: somon122
Created: —
Category: Link Building
Viewed: 145

First page on Google Blast 29,000+ GSA Seo Verified BACKLINKS for $45

About This Gig It is safe to say that you are searching for approaches to support rankings of your site? Is it accurate to say that you are accepting little traffic? Did your rivals outrank you? Did new Google updates hurt your site? Have your site vanished from the SERPs altogether? So you are at the correct spot for the better positioning for your site. The best and the best manners by which to show signs of improvement rankings with Google and the principle web crawlers are through back-connecting. This administration makes presents relating on your catchphrase phrase(s), so it’s successful for post Panda, Penguin, Hummingbird and any future updates. These days, Google doesn’t enable anybody to mess around and nobody either should attempt it. The best and proper method for boosting your site positioning is high PR backlinks. I will give you more than 70K relevant connections from different locales and in addition I’ll include URL in each post and distribute it on numerous destinations which eventually increment your connections. I will offer best support of increment traffic.

by: milton44
Created: —
Category: Link Building
Viewed: 299

Your first Node.js server

In this article, I want to tell you how you can start a simple Node.js HTTP server and begin processing requests.

The HTTP module for your Node.js server
When you start creating HTTP-based applications in Node.js, the built-in HTTP/HTTPS modules are the ones you will interact with.

Now, let’s build your first Node.js HTTP server! We will need to require the HTTP module and bind our server to the port 3000.

// content of index.js const http = require(‘http’)…

Your first Node.js server

29,000++ GSA Seo Verified BACKLINKS First page on Google Blast for $25

About This Gig We are putting forth 200,000 GSA SER Verified Backlinks for your site positioning in Google. You can utilize this administration to rank your Web2.0 Youtube Videos, business index, ebay postings and amazon stores. We have been playing with GSA SER from most recent 4 years and rehearsed every one of the approaches to capitalize on it. We have made our very own GSA Search Engine Ranker Template and use it for our own locales as well. Most Affordable cost just $ 5 Our Service will works Best for underneath one’s look at these destinations : ★ Youtube Videos ★ Facebook/twitter Social Media Links ★ Web 2.0 Sites (Parasite Sites) ★ URL Shorteners ★ Anchor content Link Profile High Quality Diversification ★ Amazon/Ebay Product Stores ★ Churn and Burn Niche Sites Highlights of this Gig : ★ 100+ Good Platforms Selection ★ Anchor Text Variations ★ Article Builder Unique Content ★ Premium List ★ Anonymous Proxies ★ Natural Profile ★ Mix Dofollow/Nofollow (Max Percentage will be dofollow) ★ Detailed CSV with Live Backlinks Proof ★ BONUS

by: qweris99
Created: —
Category: Link Building
Viewed: 158

29,000+ GSA Seo Verified BACKLINKS First page on Google Blast for $30

About This Gig 1000k gsa search engine optimization backlinks for site Is it true that you are have the arrangement about doing full S.E.O for your site by a Professional master? Try not to be late, request me now. I’m here for giving you the best arrangement and your ideal outcome. Or on the other hand you can counsel with me on your site. Administrations: One of a kind substance use high PR site backlinks those backlinks are must be your site specialty based All Report are given in Excel record Unequaled help All connections are power full No spamming , all work are white abhor framework No product use , All work are physically WHITE HAT GSA SEO – remain on their great side and keep up high rankings Forefront WORK – utilize the most recent backlink systems for best outcomes Demonstrated RESULTS – more than 4,000 upbeat customers vouch for this administration; go along with them Calm S.E.O – control up your site with master help

by: rongoo99
Created: —
Category: Link Building
Viewed: 118

First time booting up and other log ins look different

I have installed Ubuntu 19.04 (with Gnome) on my MSI GL62-7QF. By using Gnome Tweaks I managed to install Pop!_OS shell theme, while using the desktop everything works as intended, once I log out the Log In screen looks like Ubuntu’s default. I will show some photos to better explain.

Here is how it looks when I boot up and should look like: POP!_OS shell theme log in

And here is how it looks after I log out: Ubuntu shell theme log in

why does the pumping lemma want us to only consider the first repitition of states?

In Sipser’s Intro to Theory and computation, He writes: enter image description here

I don’t understand the constraint on x. Shouldn’t it be just y <=p? (Equal bc in the case when machine M runs through all states p) Making xy <=p, the theorem only wants us to consider the first p elements and the first repetiton. Why can’t any repetition be considered for the pumping lemma? We can simply pick an arbitrary substring of length p and the looping structure works just fine? Is this constraint on x just to generalize since some inputs may not have more than one looping structure?