How have the Shadar-kai changed over the editions and is there any consistency to be found in the lore between editions?

In D&D 5e, the Shadar-kai are a sub-race of elves. However, it seems that in 4e, the Shadar-kai were humans. In both cases, they lived in the Shadowfell and served the Raven Queen, so it doesn’t seem likely that they are two separate peoples; rather, they are supposed to be the same "race", despite being human in one edition and elven in the next.

I believe they were also in editions prior to 4e, but I’m only going by the Forgotten Realms wiki page, which seems to claim that they were a kind of neutral evil fey creature in 3.Xe (but generally the information on that page appears to be a mish-mash of conflicting lore from various editions, which is kinda the point of this question).

This is confusing to me; I’m not sure if it’s possible to extract any consistency out of this, but if it is possible, I want to ask:

  • For each edition of D&D that the Shadar-kai appeared in, what were they? Human? Elf? Something else?
  • I’d also be curious to know, briefly, what they were like, since in 4e/5e they live in the Shadowfell and serve the Raven Queen, but in previous editions the Shadowfell/Raven Queen didn’t exist, so what were they all about instead? Again, only very briefly, since this isn’t the main point of this question.
  • For each of these editions, is there any official lore justification for why the race changes? Or is it more like the previous lore was just disregarded and overwritten (such as in the case of 4e -> 5e, where 5e just seems to forget that they were ever human in 4e)? Again, I’m looking for in-universe lore, not designer-reasons.

Since the Forgotten Realms wiki has confused me, I would prefer people to cite from official source book and Dragon magazines and similar, rather than wiki websites like that one.

Can any of the found greater steeds benefit from the weapon proficiencies granted by Tenser’s Transformation?

The mount summoned by the 4th level Paladin spell find greater steed has this interesting ability:

While mounted on it, you can make any spell you cast that targets only you also target the mount.

The 6th level wizard spell Tenser’s tranformation grants weapon proficiencies;

You have proficiency with all armor, shields, simple weapons, and martial weapons.

After casting Tenser’s transformation while riding my found greater steed, technically my mount would have proficiency with all simple and martial weapons.

Obviously the primary issue here is going to be the question of “appropriate anatomy” – can magic that makes the uncoordinated wizard with no weapon skills a martial juggernaut also give my griffon the basic ability to firmly grasp a short sword? Are any of the mounts listed1 able to make use of any of the weapon proficiencies granted by Tenser’s transformation?


1 a griffon, a pegasus, a peryton, a dire wolf, a rhinoceros, or a saber-toothed tiger.

Google search console consider 404 urls as crawl anomaly category and not 404 not found category

I’ve got a site which we have mention as 404 not found for a few particular pages so that google can consider and push it to Excluded Not found (404) category, but still, google is considering those pages as crawl anomaly category. Please find the screenshot below.

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function ‘theme_settings_page’ not found

I want to add change apearance setting to my theme and I am using this code:

//admin pannel function theme_settings_init(){     register_setting( 'theme_settings', 'theme_settings' ); } //افزودن تنظیمات به منوی پیشخوان function add_settings_page() {     add_menu_page( __( 'تنظیمات'  ), __( 'تنظیمات'  ), 'manage_options', 'settings', 'theme_settings_page'); }  add_action( 'admin_init', 'theme_settings_init' ); add_action( 'admin_menu', 'add_settings_page' );  

and there is an error: ” Warning: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, function ‘theme_settings_page’ not found or invalid function name “

can anyone help me to fix it?

How do I inform a company I found a leaked database of theirs on the Internet?

Recently I found a leaked database of a company and I do not know how to go about contacting the company. It is so weird because I cannot find any type of Information Security contact email to report this to. It just has a support email. I feel uncomfortable sending the link to the support email.

Should I ask for an Information Security email contact from that company or what should I do? By the way, the support email for the company is more of a fraud or customer support email not a technical support or security.

Also, what would be a good template to follow to give the best insight of the leaked database?

“File not found.” appears often while navigating wp-admin

I’ve been experiencing this issue with this specific website quite often. I moved it from a staging domain to the production domain and since it’s been doing this. It did not do this on the staging domain (same server).

  1. I did a find and replace on the database to ensure that the staging domain was replaced with the production domain.
  2. I have flushed the permalinks.
  3. I have increased PHP memory for this site

I can’t point to a specific plugin. I’ve used these plugin before on many sites. Everything is up to date. I have not found a pattern to when it appears. If I click between the Posts, Media and Page tabs often enough it eventually happens. I also happens when interacting with the plugins section of the site.

After it has happened a refresh of the page brings it back.

Here are examples: enter image description here

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PMKID found , but it should be WPA handshake

i was trying to get access in wifi network but i came to something that i need to ask afteraireplay-ng –0 20 –a [router bssid] –c [client bssid] wlan0mon i expect

WPA handshake

in right top corner in the terminal, but it appears

PMKID found

can i crack this as same as WPA handshake with aircrack-ng -a2 -b [router bssid] -w [path to wordlist] /root/Desktop/*.cap or what should i do to crack this?

The type or namespace name ‘RigidBody2D’ could not be found (are you missing a using directive or an assembly reference?) [duplicate]

using System.Collections; using System.Collections.Generic; using.UnityEngine;

public class Player_Move_Proto : MonoBehaviour { public int playerSpeed = 10; public bool facingRight = true; public int playerJumpPower = 1250; public float moveX;

// Update is called once per frame void Update() {    PlayerMove (); }  void PlayerMove() {     moveX = Input.GetAxis("Horizontal");      if (moveX < 0.0f && facingRight == false){         FlipPlayer ();    }    else if (moveX > 0.0f && facingRight == true) {       FlipPlayer ();           }     gameObject.GetComponent<RigidBody2D>().velocity = new Vector2 (moveX * playerSpeed, gameObject.GetComponent<RigidBody2D>().velocity.y); }  void Jump() {  }  void FlipPlayer() {  } 

}