Which class gives most new magical powers for 1 level dip

Background: I have a bard, who is a bit lacking in low level spell selection, so I’ve been looking into multiclassing to get some more.

Stats (you can give +2 ASI for the benefit of multiclassing):

STR 11, DEX 17, CON 14, INT 9, WIS 14, CHA 20

So, Wizard is out.

For classes that pick subclass at level 1, subclass features count of course.

From what I have gathered from unofficial internet snippets, Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything seems give some nice options (like 4 cantrips and 5 1st level spells?!). But I don’t have that book myself to verify, and I may have missed other options, so the question:

What is the most different spells or spell-like powers a 1-level multiclass dip can give?

To clarify: I mean spells the character can actually have available, not the number they can choose from. I also realize now, that divine casters who pick spells every morning are their own category, not directly comparable. Still, for purposes of this Q, count the daily prepared spells.

Bard isn’t option for me, so I’ll include it as an example: 4 cantrips, 2 spells, 1 magical ability (Bardic Inspiration).

UA is ok, though I’d prefer official classes.

ND gives expression instead of number

I have a function sol defined as a solution to an equation (computed numerically). Specifically

sol[p_, a_] := NSolve[g[p, x, a] == 0, x, Reals][[1, 1, 2]] 

Trying it out

sol[.2, .51] sol[.2, .52] sol[.2, .53] 

gives .51, .52, .53 — on this range it behaves like identity. Now I try

ND[sol[.2, aa], aa, .51 ] 

and instead of giving me 1 as I would expect, it gives me very long expression involving variable x. I am not using the variable aa anywhere else in the code. And yes, I have done Needs["NumericalCalculus`"].

How is this possible? It seems obvious to me that it has to return a number! How can it return anything else?


Edit: here is the whole code (I have simplified it a little bit)

Needs["NumericalCalculus`"] g[  x_, a_] = D[RealAbs[1 - x]^1.2 + RealAbs[a - x]^1.2, x]; sol[a_] := NSolve[g[ x, a] == 0, x, Reals][[1, 1, 2]]; ND[sol[aa], aa, .55] 

If your class gives you a choice of skills to be trained in, can you choose a skill you’re already trained in to gain a free skill choice?

I know that if a class would make you trained in a skill you’re already trained in, you can select another skill to become trained in.

My question is about classes that let you pick between certain skills to be trained in, for example the Fighter lets you pick between Acrobatics and Athletics.

If I’m already trained in Athletics because of my background, can I choose Athletics as my Fighter skill, so that I gain another free skill choice, thus having 4+Int skill choices, instead of the usual 3+Int for a Fighter? Or would I be forced to choose Acrobatics?

Two Menus gives me message “Text Duplicate”

My website has 2 menus: 1 is used for mobile devices and the other for desktop devices. When I test my SEO in "Seobility.net" I get the message "Text Duplicate". (Image attached) Is there anything I can do to indicate to the spider that one menu is for mobile and one is for the desktop? The mobile menu is located at top right of the website whereas the desktop menu is located at the side. Here is the code:

<nav id="main-nav" class="h-nav">           <div id="show-nav"><a href="#">Menu ☰</a></div>           <ul class="nav-menu">             <li><a href="https://www.tranquilhavens.com.au" class="current">Home</a></li>             <li><a href="dwarfmondo.html">Dwarf Mondo Grass</a></li>             <li><a href="dwarfmondotrays.html">Dwarf Mondo Trays</a></li>             <li><a href="koreangrass.html">Zoysia No Mow Pots</a></li>             <li><a href="nomowgrasstrays.html">Zoysia No Mow Trays</a></li>             <li><a href="dichondratrays.html">Dichondra Trays</a></li>             <li><a href="thymemagiccarpettrays.html">Thyme Trays</a></li>             <li><a href="corsicanminttrays.html">Corsican Mint Trays</a></li>             <li><a href="zoysiaexperiment.html">Zoysia Experiment</a></li>             <li><a href="contactus.html">Contact Us</a></li>             <li><a href="links.html">Links</a></li>           </ul>         </nav>         <!-- END: header -->         <div class="main clearfix">           <div class="sidebar">             <ul>               <li><a href="https://www.tranquilhavens.com.au" class="current">Home</a></li>               <li><a href="dwarfmondo.html">Dwarf Mondo Grass</a></li>               <li><a href="dwarfmondotrays.html">Dwarf Mondo Trays</a></li>               <li><a href="koreangrass.html">Zoysia No Mow Pots</a></li>               <li><a href="nomowgrasstrays.html">Zoysia No Mow Trays</a></li>               <li><a href="dichondratrays.html">Dichondra Trays</a></li>               <li><a href="thymemagiccarpettrays.html">Thyme Trays</a></li>               <li><a href="corsicanminttrays.html">Corsican Mint Trays</a></li>               <li><a href="zoysiaexperiment.html">Zoysia Experiment</a></li>               <li><a href="contactus.html">Contact Us</a></li>               <li><a href="links.html">Links</a></li>             </ul>           </div>           <!-- END: sidebar --> 

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Does/Should the Gladiator background grant proficiency in the weapon it gives?

The Gladiator background (an Entertainer variant, from PHB p. 130-131) gives a strange weapon (like a trident or net) as starting equipment, but doesn’t explicitly specify that it gives proficiency with said weapon.

Is it implied that it does? (Or if not, should it, considering that a seasoned gladiator is expected to be particularly skilled with his weapon of choice?)

MySQL SSL Gives Warnings about big name Certificate Authorities

I have been able to setup my MySQL to use LetsEncrypt certificates with the steps below, unfortunately it is issuing warnings about official certs being self-signed (like from DigiCert, Comodo, etc…), so I wonder if there’s something missing from the configuration. anyways, here’s my ssl configuration:

[mysqld] require_secure_transport = on mysqlx = 0 ssl_capath  = /etc/ssl/certs ssl_ca      = /etc/ssl/certs/lets-encrypt-x3-cross-signed.pem ssl_cert    = /etc/mysql/cert.pem ssl_key     = /etc/mysql/privkey.pem ssl_cipher  = DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384 tls_version = TLSv1.2 

the problem

Everything in the ssl_capath comes up as a warning in the startup log (im doing tail -f /var/log/mysql/error.log):

YYYY-MM-DDTHH:mm:ss.SSSSSZ 0 [Warning] [MY-010068] [Server] CA certificate /etc/ssl/certs/SwissSign_Gold_CA_-_G2.pem is self signed. YYYY-MM-DDTHH:mm:ss.SSSSSZ 0 [Warning] [MY-010068] [Server] CA certificate /etc/ssl/certs/Trustwave_Global_ECC_P256_Certification_Authority.pem is self signed. ... 

background

the ssl_ca file is from doing wget https://letsencrypt.org/certs/lets-encrypt-x3-cross-signed.pem -O /etc/ssl/certs/lets-encrypt-x3-cross-signed.pem

the ssl_cert is from getting my LE live subfolder cert.pem file, same with the ssl_key (from LE’s privkey.pem). I’ve also restricted cipher and TLS version, but that’s probably not it.

To verify that everything is indeed working correctly, I have added the following to my client configuration (locally, not on that server):

[mysql] ssl_capath = /etc/ssl/certs 

and this session output:

user@localhost:~$   mysql --ssl-mode=VERIFY_IDENTITY -h mydomain.mytld -u remote -p -e "show variables like '%ssl%'; show session status like '%cipher%';" +-------------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+ | Variable_name                       | Value                                           | +-------------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+ | admin_ssl_ca                        |                                                 | | admin_ssl_capath                    |                                                 | | admin_ssl_cert                      |                                                 | | admin_ssl_cipher                    |                                                 | | admin_ssl_crl                       |                                                 | | admin_ssl_crlpath                   |                                                 | | admin_ssl_key                       |                                                 | | have_openssl                        | YES                                             | | have_ssl                            | YES                                             | | performance_schema_show_processlist | OFF                                             | | ssl_ca                              | /etc/ssl/certs/lets-encrypt-x3-cross-signed.pem | | ssl_capath                          | /etc/ssl/certs                                  | | ssl_cert                            | /etc/mysql/cert.pem                             | | ssl_cipher                          | DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384                       | | ssl_crl                             |                                                 | | ssl_crlpath                         |                                                 | | ssl_fips_mode                       | OFF                                             | | ssl_key                             | /etc/mysql/privkey.pem                          | +-------------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+ +--------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Variable_name            | Value                                                                                                | +--------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Current_tls_cipher       | DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384                                                                            | | Current_tls_ciphersuites |                                                                                                      | | Ssl_cipher               | DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384                                                                            | | Ssl_cipher_list          | TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384:TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256:TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384 | +--------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ 

When a ranged attack deals multiple damage types, can I choose what damage type my Sharpshooter bonus gives?

I am a Blood Hunter (Critical Role class here) with the Sharpshooter and Crossbow Expert feats wielding two hand crossbows. My Crimson Rite allows me to deal an additional 1dx magical damage of some element when I make an attack with a targeted weapon. Sharpshooter simply says that you can add 10 damage to the attack, but it doesn’t specify type. I see a direct comparison to Jeremy Crawford’s ruling on Hunter’s Mark, implying I could choose the damage type of the extra damage. Am I missing some rule that contradicts my assumption?

If a creator of a Shield Guardian gives the control amulet to the Shield Guardian, what would happen?

There was an idea pitched at one of my play sessions earlier this week that has been gnawing at me. Suppose a wizard creates a shield guardian and gives the golem the telepathic command to take off the amulet and live a life of its own; what would happen?

Would the Shield Guardian become a sort of pseudo-warforged, following the original command? Would it just be stuck, standing there?

Mage slayer gives disadvantage on concetration on all attacks or just on the reactive one?

Mage Slayer:

When a creature within 5 ft. of you casts a spell, you can use your reaction to make a melee weapon attack against that creature, and when you damage a creature that is concentrating on a spell, that creature has disadvantage on the saving throw it makes to maintain its concentration. You also have advantage on saving throws against spells cast by creatures within 5 ft. of you.

Does that mean that when this PJ hits a mage concentrating on a spell with the Attack action on their turn, they also have disadvantage? Or does it just happen when the attack occurs upon being triggered by a spell being cast on mele range?

Is there an official feat that gives expertise for weapons?

I am playing, as well as about to start DM’ing a one shot, in fifth edition D&D and one of my soon-to-be players has talked to me about making either a Fighter (Samurai) or Monk (Kensei) and was wondering if there was any feat that acted like the Bard’s “Expertise” class feature but for weapons rather then skills.

While I have found some homebrewed content for this, I haven’t found anything official, but I just might not be looking in the right places. Is there something like this or at least a homebrew that is relatively balanced?

Edit: Rather then adding the bonus to attack roll I was looking for something that just effects Damage even if it was a just 1/rest effect. I know that “Great Weapon Master” effect is a -5 to hit, +10 to damage. But I was hoping that there was something like, all attacks deal x2 Proficiency Damage for this turn, 1/rest, so the “Arthur the Archer” example wouldn’t effect his to hit chance just the damage he deals IF he hits.