What is the historical origin of 5e plate-based armors?

This question came to mind when I was searching for historical examples of "half-plate" and found the term conspicuously missing from reliable sources. As far as I can tell, "half-plate" seems to be a term coined for use in fantasy and role-playing game settings.

Similarly, I’m somewhat confused about how a "breastplate" came to describe an entire category of armor when, so far as I know, breastplates are usually nothing more than components in larger suits of armor.

So, I’m curious to see if there’s any information on the origin of plate-based armors in D&D 5e, such as:

  • historical examples which may have inspired these armor classifications
  • pop culture or previous editions of D&D which may have influenced the development of these armor classifications

For the purpose of this question "plate-based armors" means the breastplate, half-plate, and plate armor in D&D Fifth Edition.

I should also clarify that I’m not interested in discussion on leather armor and chain mail (on its own), as there’s already a slew of information (and controversy) on the historical origins of these armors.

How to roleplay historical antipathy between character races

Traditionally, many character races in D&D have been defined to have a race with whom they share a mutual hatred: elves and orcs, dwarves and goblins, and gnomes and kobolds, for example. With Volo’s Guide, however, orcs, goblins, and kobolds are all playable races. How do we reconcile this in-story racial hatred with the meta requirement for characters in a party to support one another?

How do I make players more comfortable in an unusual historical setting?

I run a lot of games/write systems set in specific historical/cultural contexts, because I like rpgs as a way to explore them and think they provide a great sense of place. However, I tend not to choose more well-known settings, like WWII Europe or Victorian England, because they’ve already been so thoroughly explored that they lose some of the uniqueness factor I’m interested in.

So far the people I’ve played/playtested them with have been enthusiastic about the ideas, but the games tend to start slow as they are hesitant to be creative because they don’t want to ‘be wrong’ about how things would work in that time and place. However, I’m not so much set on perfectly replicating, say, 19th century Hong Kong in a given game as I am interested in seeing the game evolve from an off-beat starting point.

Do people think the best solution to this is to separate the actual history from the game history (i.e. emphasize that this is an alternate universe and they can feel free to depart as much as they want to from the historical details) or to provide a lot of background information to ground them as much as possible in the time period so that they’re more comfortable there?

What’s the historical interaction between the Wish spell and increasing ability scores?

I vaguely recall Wishes in 1e affecting ability score increases going something like this:

  • a single Wish spell could increase any ability score to 16
  • you needed another Wish spell to get to 18
  • then it was one Wish spell per point over that (with like 5 Wishes needed to get to 18/00 STR)

But now, looking through the 1e DMG, I can’t find any of this. Ideally, I’d like information on how a Wish spell would interact with ability score increases for each edition of D&D.

What’s the historical interaction between the Wish spell and increasing ability scores?

Was Original D&D an Historical Wargame?

At the dawn of roleplaying, the Castle & Crusade Society and Lake Geneva Tactical Studies Association (LGTSA) focused on Medieval Britain, and produced the Chainmail tabletop wargame rules with a fantasy supplement, which in turn spawned the original Dungeons & Dragons game.

Design choices indicate that the focus was historical. Consider pole arms, extensively described in OD&D supplements and AD&D 1e, all of which inflict the same damage but which are individually specific to certain nationalities.

Was D&D originally intended to be an historical wargame with certain fantasy additions, roleplaying optional? (Bonus: Cite specific historical/wargame bits which were included.)

How to make a historical timeline for a magical world

I’m writing a campaign and I’m a big fan of history and I want to write a history of my campaign’s world.

The problem is, I have no idea how to do this.

I am aware that I should bullet point wars and things of the sort as well as the destruction of different societies and specific eras in history.

I looked at the DMG and I couldn’t find any answers, nor did 2 hours of scouring google find what I was looking for. A large reason why nothing helped is that in D&D magic exists and there’s not a lot of good examples in timeline structures are based on a fantasy setting.

In what order would the normal progression of eras and advancements in technology impact a fantasy world?

Historical data data usage on Android Pie

I’m trying to check my historical data usage on my OnePlus 6 (OxygenOS 9.0.6).

I used to be able to go to the Data Usage settings and use a drop-down list at the top to select different time periods, but trying this just now it only shows me the usage since the start of my current billing cycle, with no option to show any other period.

This is not the behaviour I was expecting, so I wonder if this specific to Android Pie on my OnePlus 7, or has Android Pie (or earlier) removed the ability to display data usage history.

Noticing that my billing cycle start date was wrong, I corrected it and found that the usage data shown now goes back to the start of the new billing cycle start date, so obviously it stores more data than is displays.

If more history is still recorded somewhere, how can I get access to it, and how far back would the history go?

My device is not rooted, nor can it be, but I’m comfortable with using ADB if necessary.

Currency Conversion Function (Historical Date) [on hold]

I am using this sub which works fine but outputs a table with rates

Option Explicit Public Sub GetTable()     Dim sResponse As String, html As HTMLDocument, ws As Worksheet, clipboard As Object      Set ws = ThisWorkbook.Worksheets("Sheet1")      With CreateObject("MSXML2.XMLHTTP")         .Open "GET", "https://www.x-rates.com/historical/?from=CAD&amount=1&date=" & Format$  (Date - 1, "yyyy-mm-dd"), False         .setRequestHeader "If-Modified-Since", "Sat, 1 Jan 2000 00:00:00 GMT"         .send         sResponse = StrConv(.responseBody, vbUnicode)     End With      Set clipboard = GetObject("New:{1C3B4210-F441-11CE-B9EA-00AA006B1A69}")     Set html = New HTMLDocument      With html         .body.innerHTML = sResponse         clipboard.SetText .querySelectorAll(".ratesTable").item(1).outerHTML         clipboard.PutInClipboard     End With          ws.Cells(1, 1).PasteSpecial  End Sub 

Instead it would be more useful to replace this with a function with 3 arguments.

Currency From, Currency To, Historical Date

function_convert(USD,GBP,30/12/2015) 

I have searched around the internet but couldn’t find a working solution. Any help would be much appreciated.

Currency Conversion Function (Historical Date) [on hold]

I am using this sub which works fine but outputs a table with rates

Option Explicit Public Sub GetTable()     Dim sResponse As String, html As HTMLDocument, ws As Worksheet, clipboard As Object      Set ws = ThisWorkbook.Worksheets("Sheet1")      With CreateObject("MSXML2.XMLHTTP")         .Open "GET", "https://www.x-rates.com/historical/?from=CAD&amount=1&date=" & Format$  (Date - 1, "yyyy-mm-dd"), False         .setRequestHeader "If-Modified-Since", "Sat, 1 Jan 2000 00:00:00 GMT"         .send         sResponse = StrConv(.responseBody, vbUnicode)     End With      Set clipboard = GetObject("New:{1C3B4210-F441-11CE-B9EA-00AA006B1A69}")     Set html = New HTMLDocument      With html         .body.innerHTML = sResponse         clipboard.SetText .querySelectorAll(".ratesTable").item(1).outerHTML         clipboard.PutInClipboard     End With          ws.Cells(1, 1).PasteSpecial  End Sub 

Instead it would be more useful to replace this with a function with 3 arguments.

Currency From, Currency To, Historical Date

function_convert(USD,GBP,30/12/2015) 

I have searched around the internet but couldn’t find a working solution. Any help would be much appreciated.

Google Finance Historical Data Multiple Attributes?

=GOOGLEFINANCE("NSE:"&A2, "all",(TODAY()-($  N$  2)),TODAY(),"DAILY") 

The above code returns OHLC data for specified days with the date column.

What I want is only high, low and close columns.

=GOOGLEFINANCE("NSE:"&A2, ("high", "low", "close"),(TODAY()-($  N$  2)),TODAY(),"DAILY") 

This code doesn’t work.

And if use:

=GOOGLEFINANCE("NSE:"&A2, "high",(TODAY()-($  N$  2)),TODAY(),"DAILY") 

it returns high but with an added column named date.

So if I do this for all 3 (high, low, close) individually in different columns, I will get 6 columns instead of 3 (3 date columns are unnecessary for me).

I need just the high, low and close without the date column or at the most just 1 date column.

Thank you.