Ubuntu Crash: systemd-journal Failed to write entry. Ignoring: read-only file system only

I’m on Ubuntu 18.04.3 LTS, Gnome 3.28.2 with no dual boot and no external USB devices. Once a while I get a black terminal screen with this error information.

When I get this black screen the computer doesn’t respond anymore and I have to reboot with the power button.

Hardware & OS info:

(base) x@x:~$   df Filesystem                  1K-blocks     Used Available Use% Mounted on udev                          8074028        0   8074028   0% /dev tmpfs                         1621272     2176   1619096   1% /run /dev/mapper/ubuntu--vg-root 113125620 97117896  10218236  91% / tmpfs                         8106348   126836   7979512   2% /dev/shm tmpfs                            5120        4      5116   1% /run/lock tmpfs                         8106348        0   8106348   0% /sys/fs/cgroup /dev/loop3                       1024     1024         0 100% /snap/gnome-logs/61 /dev/loop2                      69248    69248         0 100% /snap/sublime-text/67 /dev/loop1                       4224     4224         0 100% /snap/gnome-calculator/406 /dev/sda1                      720368   150420    517556  23% /boot /dev/loop4                      90880    90880         0 100% /snap/core/7396 /dev/loop5                     141696   141696         0 100% /snap/thunderbird/29 /dev/loop7                     224256   224256         0 100% /snap/gimp/165 /dev/loop8                      88448    88448         0 100% /snap/ubuntu-mate-welcome/335 /dev/loop11                     19200    19200         0 100% /snap/communitheme/1593 /dev/loop10                     58368    58368         0 100% /snap/powershell/36 /dev/loop12                    268544   268544         0 100% /snap/gnss-sdr-next/285 /dev/loop14                    207232   207232         0 100% /snap/vlc/770 /dev/loop19                     15104    15104         0 100% /snap/gnome-characters/317 /dev/loop16                     99840    99840         0 100% /snap/ubuntu-mate-welcome/296 /dev/loop15                     48896    48896         0 100% /snap/riseup-vpn/152 /dev/loop20                     15104    15104         0 100% /snap/gnome-characters/296 /dev/loop21                    153216   153216         0 100% /snap/slack/16 /dev/loop22                    153600   153600         0 100% /snap/gnome-3-28-1804/71 /dev/loop24                      1280     1280         0 100% /snap/tinc-vpn/2 /dev/loop26                    150144   150144         0 100% /snap/slack/17 /dev/loop27                     43904    43904         0 100% /snap/gtk-common-themes/1313 /dev/loop30                    153600   153600         0 100% /snap/gnome-3-28-1804/67 /dev/loop31                    207744   207744         0 100% /snap/vlc/1049 /dev/loop33                     58368    58368         0 100% /snap/powershell/34 /dev/loop34                     16384    16384         0 100% /snap/communitheme/1768 /dev/loop35                     88832    88832         0 100% /snap/ubuntu-mate-welcome/319 /dev/loop36                    144128   144128         0 100% /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/90 /dev/loop37                    127360   127360         0 100% /snap/electron-mail/13 /dev/loop38                     36224    36224         0 100% /snap/gtk-common-themes/1198 /dev/loop39                    153344   153344         0 100% /snap/chromium/849 /dev/loop40                     77568    77568         0 100% /snap/cubicsdr-casept/4 /dev/loop41                      3840     3840         0 100% /snap/gnome-system-monitor/95 /dev/loop42                     19072    19072         0 100% /snap/communitheme/1524 /dev/loop43                     55808    55808         0 100% /snap/core18/1098 /dev/loop45                    327936   327936         0 100% /snap/pycharm-community/147 /dev/loop46                     69248    69248         0 100% /snap/sublime-text/69 /dev/loop47                      3840     3840         0 100% /snap/gnome-system-monitor/100 /dev/loop48                    224384   224384         0 100% /snap/gimp/189 tmpfs                         1621268       28   1621240   1% /run/user/121 tmpfs                         1621268       76   1621192   1% /run/user/1000 /dev/loop49                    144128   144128         0 100% /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/92 /dev/loop23                     97024    97024         0 100% /snap/telegram-desktop/908 /dev/loop25                     91264    91264         0 100% /snap/core/7713 /dev/loop6                       1024     1024         0 100% /snap/gnome-logs/73 /dev/loop50                      4352     4352         0 100% /snap/gnome-calculator/501 /dev/loop13                     97152    97152         0 100% /snap/telegram-desktop/936 /dev/loop17                    268544   268544         0 100% /snap/gnss-sdr-next/292 /dev/loop0                     159616   159616         0 100% /snap/chromium/853 /dev/loop18                    327936   327936         0 100% /snap/pycharm-community/150 /dev/loop28                     55808    55808         0 100% /snap/core18/1144 (base) x@x:~$    

Hardware list:

root@x:/home/x# lshw x                                description: Notebook     product: 80RU (LENOVO_MT_80RU_BU_idea_FM_Lenovo ideapad 700-15ISK)     vendor: LENOVO     version: Lenovo ideapad 700-15ISK     serial: R90K3F7XR9N0B631000C     width: 64 bits     capabilities: smbios-2.8 dmi-2.8 smp vsyscall32     configuration: administrator_password=enabled boot=normal chassis=notebook family=IDEAPAD frontpanel_password=disabled keyboard_password=disabled power-on_password=disabled sku=LENOVO_MT_80RU_BU_idea_FM_Lenovo ideapad 700-15ISK uuid=800CF8AE-A5E6-E511-88B2-08D40CB5171E   *-core        description: Motherboard        product: Lenovo ideapad 700-15ISK        vendor: LENOVO        physical id: 0        version: SDK0J40709 WIN        serial: R90K3F7X        slot: Part Component      *-cache:0           description: L1 cache           physical id: 2           slot: L1 Cache           size: 128KiB           capacity: 128KiB           capabilities: synchronous internal write-back data           configuration: level=1      *-cache:1           description: L1 cache           physical id: 3           slot: L1 Cache           size: 128KiB           capacity: 128KiB           capabilities: synchronous internal write-back instruction           configuration: level=1      *-cache:2           description: L2 cache           physical id: 4           slot: L2 Cache           size: 1MiB           capacity: 1MiB           capabilities: synchronous internal write-back unified           configuration: level=2      *-cache:3           description: L3 cache           physical id: 5           slot: L3 Cache           size: 6MiB           capacity: 6MiB           capabilities: synchronous internal write-back unified           configuration: level=3      *-cpu           description: CPU           product: Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-6700HQ CPU @ 2.60GHz           vendor: Intel Corp.           physical id: 6           bus info: cpu@0           version: Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-6700HQ CPU @ 2.60GHz           serial: To Be Filled By O.E.M.           slot: U3E1           size: 2349MHz           capacity: 3500MHz           width: 64 bits           clock: 100MHz           capabilities: x86-64 fpu fpu_exception wp vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx pdpe1gb rdtscp constant_tsc art arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc cpuid aperfmperf tsc_known_freq pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 sdbg fma cx16 xtpr pdcm pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic movbe popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx f16c rdrand lahf_lm abm 3dnowprefetch cpuid_fault epb invpcid_single pti ssbd ibrs ibpb stibp tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid fsgsbase tsc_adjust bmi1 hle avx2 smep bmi2 erms invpcid rtm mpx rdseed adx smap clflushopt intel_pt xsaveopt xsavec xgetbv1 xsaves dtherm ida arat pln pts hwp hwp_notify hwp_act_window hwp_epp md_clear flush_l1d cpufreq           configuration: cores=4 enabledcores=4 threads=8      *-memory           description: System Memory           physical id: 7           slot: System board or motherboard           size: 16GiB         *-bank:0              description: SODIMM DDR4 Synchronous 2133 MHz (0.5 ns)              product: CT8G4SFD8213.C16FBD1              vendor: Conexant (Rockwell)              physical id: 0              serial: 16141922              slot: ChannelA-DIMM0              size: 8GiB              width: 64 bits              clock: 2133MHz (0.5ns)         *-bank:1              description: Project-Id-Version: lshwReport-Msgid-Bugs-To: FULL NAME <EMAIL@ADDRESS>PO-Revision-Date: 2012-02-05 00:26+0000Last-Translator: Andi Chandler <Unknown>Language-Team: English (United Kingdom) <en_GB@li.org>MIME-Version: 1.0Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bitX-Launchpad-Export-Date: 2018-07-12 13:19+0000X-Generator: Launchpad (build 18719)Project-Id-Version: lshwReport-Msgid-Bugs-To: FULL NAME <EMAIL@ADDRESS>PO-Revision-Date: 2012-02-05 00:26+0000Last-Translator: Andi Chandler <Unknown>Language-Team: English (United Kingdom) <en_GB@li.org>MIME-Version: 1.0Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bitX-Launchpad-Export-Date: 2018-07-12 13:19+0000X-Generator: Launchpad (build 18719) [empty]              physical id: 1              slot: ChannelA-DIMM1         *-bank:2              description: SODIMM DDR4 Synchronous 2133 MHz (0.5 ns)              product: CT8G4SFD8213.C16FBD1              vendor: Conexant (Rockwell)              physical id: 2              serial: 16270421              slot: ChannelB-DIMM0              size: 8GiB              width: 64 bits              clock: 2133MHz (0.5ns)         *-bank:3              description: Project-Id-Version: lshwReport-Msgid-Bugs-To: FULL NAME <EMAIL@ADDRESS>PO-Revision-Date: 2012-02-05 00:26+0000Last-Translator: Andi Chandler <Unknown>Language-Team: English (United Kingdom) <en_GB@li.org>MIME-Version: 1.0Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bitX-Launchpad-Export-Date: 2018-07-12 13:19+0000X-Generator: Launchpad (build 18719)Project-Id-Version: lshwReport-Msgid-Bugs-To: FULL NAME <EMAIL@ADDRESS>PO-Revision-Date: 2012-02-05 00:26+0000Last-Translator: Andi Chandler <Unknown>Language-Team: English (United Kingdom) <en_GB@li.org>MIME-Version: 1.0Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bitX-Launchpad-Export-Date: 2018-07-12 13:19+0000X-Generator: Launchpad (build 18719) [empty]              physical id: 3              slot: ChannelB-DIMM1      *-firmware           description: BIOS           vendor: LENOVO           physical id: d           version: E5CN21WW           date: 12/28/2015           size: 128KiB           capacity: 8128KiB           capabilities: pci upgrade shadowing cdboot bootselect edd int5printscreen int9keyboard int14serial int17printer int10video pc98 acpi usb ls120boot zipboot biosbootspecification netboot      *-pci           description: Host bridge           product: Xeon E3-1200 v5/E3-1500 v5/6th Gen Core Processor Host Bridge/DRAM Registers           vendor: Intel Corporation           physical id: 100           bus info: pci@0000:00:00.0           version: 07           width: 32 bits           clock: 33MHz           configuration: driver=skl_uncore           resources: irq:0         *-pci:0              description: PCI bridge              product: Xeon E3-1200 v5/E3-1500 v5/6th Gen Core Processor PCIe Controller (x16)              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 1              bus info: pci@0000:00:01.0              version: 07              width: 32 bits              clock: 33MHz              capabilities: pci pm msi pciexpress normal_decode bus_master cap_list              configuration: driver=pcieport              resources: irq:120 ioport:d000(size=4096) memory:d1000000-d1ffffff ioport:a0000000(size=301989888)            *-display                 description: 3D controller                 product: GM107M [GeForce GTX 950M]                 vendor: NVIDIA Corporation                 physical id: 0                 bus info: pci@0000:01:00.0                 version: a2                 width: 64 bits                 clock: 33MHz                 capabilities: pm msi pciexpress bus_master cap_list                 configuration: driver=nouveau latency=0                 resources: irq:126 memory:d1000000-d1ffffff memory:a0000000-afffffff memory:b0000000-b1ffffff ioport:d000(size=128)         *-display              description: VGA compatible controller              product: HD Graphics 530              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 2              bus info: pci@0000:00:02.0              version: 06              width: 64 bits              clock: 33MHz              capabilities: pciexpress msi pm vga_controller bus_master cap_list rom              configuration: driver=i915 latency=0              resources: irq:127 memory:d0000000-d0ffffff memory:c0000000-cfffffff ioport:e000(size=64) memory:c0000-dffff         *-usb              description: USB controller              product: 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family USB 3.0 xHCI Controller              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 14              bus info: pci@0000:00:14.0              version: 31              width: 64 bits              clock: 33MHz              capabilities: pm msi xhci bus_master cap_list              configuration: driver=xhci_hcd latency=0              resources: irq:123 memory:d2200000-d220ffff            *-usbhost:0                 product: xHCI Host Controller                 vendor: Linux 4.15.0-60-generic xhci-hcd                 physical id: 0                 bus info: usb@1                 logical name: usb1                 version: 4.15                 capabilities: usb-2.00                 configuration: driver=hub slots=16 speed=480Mbit/s               *-usb:0                    description: Keyboard                    product: USB Receiver                    vendor: Logitech                    physical id: 1                    bus info: usb@1:1                    version: 29.01                    capabilities: usb-2.00                    configuration: driver=usbhid maxpower=98mA speed=12Mbit/s               *-usb:1                    description: Video                    product: Lenovo EasyCamera                    vendor: Bison                    physical id: 5                    bus info: usb@1:5                    version: 42.09                    serial: 200901010001                    capabilities: usb-2.00                    configuration: driver=uvcvideo maxpower=500mA speed=480Mbit/s               *-usb:2                    description: Bluetooth wireless interface                    vendor: Intel Corp.                    physical id: 7                    bus info: usb@1:7                    version: 0.01                    capabilities: bluetooth usb-2.00                    configuration: driver=btusb maxpower=100mA speed=12Mbit/s            *-usbhost:1                 product: xHCI Host Controller                 vendor: Linux 4.15.0-60-generic xhci-hcd                 physical id: 1                 bus info: usb@2                 logical name: usb2                 version: 4.15                 capabilities: usb-3.00                 configuration: driver=hub slots=8 speed=5000Mbit/s         *-generic:0              description: Signal processing controller              product: 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family Thermal Subsystem              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 14.2              bus info: pci@0000:00:14.2              version: 31              width: 64 bits              clock: 33MHz              capabilities: pm msi bus_master cap_list              configuration: driver=intel_pch_thermal latency=0              resources: irq:18 memory:d222a000-d222afff         *-communication              description: Communication controller              product: 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family MEI Controller #1              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 16              bus info: pci@0000:00:16.0              version: 31              width: 64 bits              clock: 33MHz              capabilities: pm msi bus_master cap_list              configuration: driver=mei_me latency=0              resources: irq:128 memory:d222c000-d222cfff         *-storage              description: SATA controller              product: HM170/QM170 Chipset SATA Controller [AHCI Mode]              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 17              bus info: pci@0000:00:17.0              version: 31              width: 32 bits              clock: 66MHz              capabilities: storage msi pm ahci_1.0 bus_master cap_list              configuration: driver=ahci latency=0              resources: irq:124 memory:d2228000-d2229fff memory:d2230000-d22300ff ioport:e080(size=8) ioport:e088(size=4) ioport:e060(size=32) memory:d222e000-d222e7ff         *-pci:1              description: PCI bridge              product: 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port #5              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 1c              bus info: pci@0000:00:1c.0              version: f1              width: 32 bits              clock: 33MHz              capabilities: pci pciexpress msi pm normal_decode bus_master cap_list              configuration: driver=pcieport              resources: irq:121 memory:d2100000-d21fffff            *-network                 description: Wireless interface                 product: Dual Band Wireless-AC 3165 Plus Bluetooth                 vendor: Intel Corporation                 physical id: 0                 bus info: pci@0000:02:00.0                 logical name: wlp2s0                 version: 99                 serial: 08:d4:0c:b5:17:1a                 width: 64 bits                 clock: 33MHz                 capabilities: pm msi pciexpress bus_master cap_list ethernet physical wireless                 configuration: broadcast=yes driver=iwlwifi driverversion=4.15.0-60-generic firmware=29.1044073957.0 ip=192.168.1.69 latency=0 link=yes multicast=yes wireless=IEEE 802.11                 resources: irq:129 memory:d2100000-d2101fff         *-pci:2              description: PCI bridge              product: 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port #6              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 1c.5              bus info: pci@0000:00:1c.5              version: f1              width: 32 bits              clock: 33MHz              capabilities: pci pciexpress msi pm normal_decode bus_master cap_list              configuration: driver=pcieport              resources: irq:122 ioport:c000(size=4096) memory:d2000000-d20fffff            *-network                 description: Ethernet interface                 product: RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet Controller                 vendor: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd.                 physical id: 0                 bus info: pci@0000:03:00.0                 logical name: enp3s0                 version: 15                 serial: 54:ee:75:94:08:75                 size: 10Mbit/s                 capacity: 1Gbit/s                 width: 64 bits                 clock: 33MHz                 capabilities: pm msi pciexpress msix bus_master cap_list ethernet physical tp mii 10bt 10bt-fd 100bt 100bt-fd 1000bt 1000bt-fd autonegotiation                 configuration: autonegotiation=on broadcast=yes driver=r8169 driverversion=2.3LK-NAPI duplex=half firmware=rtl8168h-2_0.0.2 02/26/15 latency=0 link=no multicast=yes port=MII speed=10Mbit/s                 resources: irq:17 ioport:c000(size=256) memory:d2004000-d2004fff memory:d2000000-d2003fff         *-generic:1              description: Signal processing controller              product: 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family Serial IO UART #0              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 1e              bus info: pci@0000:00:1e.0              version: 31              width: 64 bits              clock: 33MHz              capabilities: pm bus_master cap_list              configuration: driver=intel-lpss latency=0              resources: irq:20 memory:d222d000-d222dfff         *-isa              description: ISA bridge              product: HM170 Chipset LPC/eSPI Controller              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 1f              bus info: pci@0000:00:1f.0              version: 31              width: 32 bits              clock: 33MHz              capabilities: isa bus_master              configuration: latency=0         *-memory UNCLAIMED              description: Memory controller              product: 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family Power Management Controller              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 1f.2              bus info: pci@0000:00:1f.2              version: 31              width: 32 bits              clock: 33MHz (30.3ns)              capabilities: bus_master              configuration: latency=0              resources: memory:d2224000-d2227fff         *-multimedia              description: Audio device              product: 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family HD Audio Controller              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 1f.3              bus info: pci@0000:00:1f.3              version: 31              width: 64 bits              clock: 33MHz              capabilities: pm msi bus_master cap_list              configuration: driver=snd_hda_intel latency=64              resources: irq:130 memory:d2220000-d2223fff memory:d2210000-d221ffff         *-serial UNCLAIMED              description: SMBus              product: 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family SMBus              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 1f.4              bus info: pci@0000:00:1f.4              version: 31              width: 64 bits              clock: 33MHz              configuration: latency=0              resources: memory:d222f000-d222f0ff ioport:efa0(size=32)      *-scsi:0           physical id: 0           logical name: scsi0           capabilities: emulated         *-disk              description: ATA Disk              product: ADATA SP550NS38              physical id: 0.0.0              bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0              logical name: /dev/sda              version: 4B              serial: 2G4220000183              size: 111GiB (120GB)              capabilities: partitioned partitioned:dos              configuration: ansiversion=5 logicalsectorsize=512 sectorsize=512 signature=cb312d6a            *-volume:0                 description: EXT4 volume                 vendor: Linux                 physical id: 1                 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,1                 logical name: /dev/sda1                 logical name: /boot                 version: 1.0                 serial: 6480205e-88e0-4b20-b930-38dee5b56148                 size: 731MiB                 capacity: 731MiB                 capabilities: primary bootable journaled extended_attributes large_files huge_files dir_nlink recover 64bit extents ext4 ext2 initialized                 configuration: created=2018-11-11 23:13:29 filesystem=ext4 lastmountpoint=/boot modified=2019-09-08 17:24:42 mount.fstype=ext4 mount.options=rw,relatime,data=ordered mounted=2019-09-08 17:24:42 state=mounted            *-volume:1                 description: Extended partition                 physical id: 2                 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,2                 logical name: /dev/sda2                 size: 111GiB                 capacity: 111GiB                 capabilities: primary extended partitioned partitioned:extended               *-logicalvolume                    description: Linux filesystem partition                    physical id: 5                    logical name: /dev/sda5                    serial: 775a1793-1ea1-4fe2-bcd9-4880a3924ee0                    size: 111GiB                    capacity: 111GiB                    width: 512 bits                    capabilities: encrypted luks initialized                    configuration: bits=512 cipher=aes filesystem=luks hash=sha256 mode=xts-plain64 version=1      *-scsi:1           physical id: 1           logical name: scsi2           capabilities: emulated         *-disk              description: ATA Disk              product: WDC WD10SPCX-24H              vendor: Western Digital              physical id: 0.0.0              bus info: scsi@2:0.0.0              logical name: /dev/sdb              version: 1A02              serial: WD-WXA1AB57JSDL              size: 931GiB (1TB)              capabilities: partitioned partitioned:dos              configuration: ansiversion=5 logicalsectorsize=512 sectorsize=4096 signature=30d5ab25            *-volume                 description: EXT4 volume                 vendor: Linux                 physical id: 1                 bus info: scsi@2:0.0.0,1                 logical name: /dev/sdb1                 version: 1.0                 serial: 0210a406-4dce-4a43-ac18-82f1a30c8c2c                 size: 931GiB                 capacity: 931GiB                 capabilities: primary journaled extended_attributes large_files huge_files dir_nlink 64bit extents ext4 ext2 initialized                 configuration: created=2018-11-09 17:40:00 filesystem=ext4 label=1TB lastmountpoint=/media/x/1TB modified=2019-09-06 11:31:08 mounted=2019-09-06 11:31:04 state=clean   *-battery        product: Smart Battery        vendor: Intel Corp.        physical id: 1        version: 2008        serial: 1.0        slot: Rear 

How to Configure Ubuntu to Access Internet only with Wifi Ignoring Wire Connection (Ethernet)

Context:

  • the Wifi connection works perfectly with the DHCP of the router. Only with this connection, I can navigate the web.
  • the wire connection is necessary for me to be connected directly with an embedded system. In the middle there is a Switch and the only things I do is to set up the address IP of both (laptop and embedded system). The systems speak perfectly using ssh etc. No problem here.
  • OS Xubuntu 16.04 on my laptop and a Linaro on the embedded.

Problem: When I am connected to the system with the ethernet connection, it is impossible for me to navigate on the web. I guess it is because the laptop try to access using the ethernet connection. Of course, the ethernet connection goes only to the embedded system.

Question: Can I use the ethernet only for the system and the wifi to continue to navigate the web pages? How can I do that?

Are there any balance drawbacks in ignoring Physical, Social or Mental Limits?

I’ve been gamemastering Shadowrun 5e since it was published. I have every single book published for the system, a throve of supplements, maps, miniatures, cards, and a bunch of other acessories. I made a few short stories, ran a lot of games, a few LARP events and baked a Shadowrun-themed cake for a loved one.

And, yet, for all of my time with it, I somehow never noticed the Limit rule until yesterday, when I was making my own character editor app for the system. I’m pretty sure I glanced over it on the past, but for some reason never took notice of using it in my games.

I’m not sure if I want to start using this rule now, after my tables got used to playing without it. I never felt the system was unbalanced or that I needed for some reason cut back the number of max hits one could get from any roll, but that may be just some sort of unconcious bias against a rule that I didn’t ever remember it existed in the first place.

Are the Limit rules actually useful or needed for balance, or can I keep ignoring them safely?

Ubuntu only writes on ssd, ignoring hard disc

I am using Ubuntu 18.04.2 and my computer has an SSD disc with 128GB and a hard disc with 1TB. The problem is that the system writes only on the ssd disc, ignoring the hard disc. Ubuntu sees the hard disc as an external disc, that I can mount and write to, but if the ssd disc is full, as it is now, Ubuntu says that there is no more space when I try to install anything new. The ssd disc was to be a feature, something to justify a higher price, but it is, up to now, a nightmare to me and I am thinking in reinstall Ubuntu or burn this computer and never buy a computer with two discs in my life. Any help is welcome.

SendGrid emails ignoring SPF records for mass phishing attempts

Recently we have encountered 2 instances of mass phishing attempts from 2 accounts using SendGrid although the SPF is published as hard fail for both without SendGrid records and only for the mail servers authorized to send.

To elaborate on the details, we encountered this during the investigation of multiple email incidents, lets take two domains abc.com and def.com – abc.com is on O365 while def.com is on premises (Exchange 2016). Unfortunately through phishing attacks the malicious attackers were able to compromise 1 account each from both domains and then used this to register on SendGrid (email header analysis shows SendGrid servers sending out emails), using this they were able to send out mass phishing emails from SendGrid to external users and Gmail, Yahoo and other corporate domains etc. although SPF records published as hardfail only specified O365 and on premises exchange IP’s for the domains respectively.

Quite surprised as how these emails were able to make it to the inbox of the recipients although there is no SPF, DKIM etc. set authorizing SendGrid. There is only an SPF record configured as mentioned earlier for either O365 or on-premises which is weird since it’s for both O365 cloud based and on-premises services, ruling out any cloud to cloud integrations etc. between O365 and SendGrid. There seems to be an increase in these types of attacks lately where a compromised account is used to create an account and have it verified it on SendGrid and then used for mass mailer (phishing) activities from those domains.

I was wondering if someone could shed some light on this as there is no DKIM for signing the domains, there is no SPF authorizing SendGrid and is set to -all (hardfail) but yet with the compromised accounts they are able to send out phishing emails through SendGrid by simply registering with them using the compromised accounts. We tested this out on a lab scenario and were able to replicate this on O365 and on-premises by sending emails to Gmail etc. which were received in the inbox by registering with SendGrid and with no DNS records authenticating or authorizing SendGrid to send on behalf of the domains.

Many Thanks.

What would be the impact of ignoring material components with a price?


Problem

Whenever I play a spellcaster, and I level up and it’s time to pick/prepare new spells, I almost always avoid those with material components that have a price, since you can’t just substitute them out for your spellcasting focus (i.e. ignore them like you can pretty much all other material components).

The idea that you have to keep an eye out for these very specific and very expensive items (Imprisonment seems like a particularly good example of how obscure and expensive some of these materials can get, although it is an extreme, what with it being a 9th level spell, Clairvoyance is a less extreme lower-level example) and I find this quite annoying and I just end up changing my decision of spells instead of dealing with that restriction, thereby effectively taking that spell out of the game. I’ll point out that I’ve never asked my DM how likely I am to find the item; I just change my decision.

D&D is about being heroes and killing dragons and such, not about shopping around for extremely obscure items just so you can do something once (if it’s one of those spells that consumes it, which are the worse type of spells-with-a-material-component-with-a-price), then it’s back to hoping you find this obscure item again… or just pick a different spell in the first place that just works all the time.

Solution

So, since I know some of my players have similar views on being put off certain spells because of certain material restrictions, I was planning on simply doing away with that rule in an upcoming game I’ll be DMing (i.e. houseruling that all material components can be substituted out for your focus, including those with a cost, even if it says they are consumed, which obviously won’t consume the focus if a focus is used; alternatively, Component Pouches just always happen to have those items in them, like the mere desire to cast that spell forces those items to spawn into existence inside the pouch).

Question

My question is: What impact on gameplay balance would this have? I mean, obviously PCs (and NPCs) would have easier access to more powerful spells that otherwise have a sort of “cap” on them, so I might have to adjust the difficulty of encounters and such, but otherwise would it be so bad to effectively re-include the spells into the game that would otherwise exclude themselves by having unattractive material component restrictions?


PS: My home universe doesn’t have resurrection spells, so concern about everyone just getting up all the time like everyone’s a Zealot Barbarian all of a sudden is not all that relevant to this question; I mean, you can include it in your answer if you like, but I’d rather you not make it your main point.

Why is the Nginx PHP Unit ignoring the root parameter in this configuration file?

I’m trying to move mywebsite.com from a multisite WordPress installation into its separate WordPress installation folder. I’ve already setup a separate database and created a new file wp-config.php for the new WordPress installation with the information needed for the new installation. The problem is that when I switch the root parameter in the Nginx configuration file for the old multisite installation folder to the new one, the old website is still loaded by Nginx.

/etc/nginx/sites-available/mywebsite.com.conf

server {     listen      80;     listen      [::]:80;     server_name mywebsite.com;     root        /var/www/wordpress_mywebsite/; # <-- this was changed to point to                                                #     the new single site installation                                                #     the old multisite installation                                                #     folder is /var/www/wordpress      if ($  scheme = "http") {         rewrite ^ https://$  server_name$  request_uri? permanent;     }      location / {         try_files $  uri @index_php;     }      location @index_php {         proxy_pass       http://127.0.0.1:8090;         proxy_set_header Host $  host;     }      location /wp-admin {         index index.php;     }      location ~* .php$   {         try_files        $  uri =404;         proxy_pass       http://127.0.0.1:8091;         proxy_set_header Host $  host;     }      listen 443 ssl; # managed by Certbot     listen [::]:443 ssl; #ipv6only=on; # managed by Certbot     ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/mywebsite.com/chained.pem; # managed by Certbot     ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/mywebsite.com/domain.key; # managed by Certbot     include /etc/letsencrypt/options-ssl-nginx.conf; # managed by Certbot     ssl_dhparam /etc/letsencrypt/ssl-dhparams.pem; # managed by Certbot      ssl_client_certificate /etc/nginx/certs/cloudflare.crt;     ssl_verify_client on; } 

GridLayout of Buttons auto aligns left, ignoring Grid lines

I have a very straightforward grid of buttons to make a keyboard. In this, I want “A” to be halfway in the middle of “Q” and “Z”, so instead of 10 columns, which is what I require, I have 20 columns with each key spanning 2 columns. Here is the xml code:

<GridLayout     xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"     android:id="@+id/GridLayout1"     android:layout_width="match_parent"     android:layout_height="200dp"     android:columnCount="20"     android:rowCount="4"     android:background="#ffffff"     >      <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyQ"         android:text="Q"         android:layout_column="0"         android:layout_row="0"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyW"         android:text="W"         android:layout_column="2"         android:layout_row="0"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyE"         android:text="E"         android:layout_column="4"         android:layout_row="0"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyR"         android:text="R"         android:layout_column="6"         android:layout_row="0"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyT"         android:text="T"         android:layout_column="8"         android:layout_row="0"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyY"         android:text="Y"         android:layout_column="10"         android:layout_row="0"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyU"         android:text="U"         android:layout_column="12"         android:layout_row="0"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyI"         android:text="I"         android:layout_column="14"         android:layout_row="0"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyO"         android:text="O"         android:layout_column="16"         android:layout_row="0"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyP"         android:text="P"         android:layout_column="18"         android:layout_row="0"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />      <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyA"         android:text="A"         android:layout_column="1"         android:layout_row="1"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyS"         android:text="S"         android:layout_column="3"         android:layout_row="1"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyD"         android:text="D"         android:layout_column="5"         android:layout_row="1"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyF"         android:text="F"         android:layout_column="7"         android:layout_row="1"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyG"         android:text="G"         android:layout_column="9"         android:layout_row="1"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyH"         android:text="H"         android:layout_column="11"         android:layout_row="1"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyJ"         android:text="J"         android:layout_column="13"         android:layout_row="1"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyK"         android:text="K"         android:layout_column="15"         android:layout_row="1"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyL"         android:text="L"         android:layout_column="17"         android:layout_row="1"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyCaps"         android:text="🔼"         android:layout_column="0"         android:layout_row="2"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyZ"         android:text="Z"         android:layout_column="2"         android:layout_row="2"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyX"         android:text="X"         android:layout_column="4"         android:layout_row="2"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyC"         android:text="C"         android:layout_column="6"         android:layout_row="2"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyV"         android:text="V"         android:layout_column="8"         android:layout_row="2"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyB"         android:text="B"         android:layout_column="10"         android:layout_row="2"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyN"         android:text="N"         android:layout_column="12"         android:layout_row="2"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyM"         android:text="M"         android:layout_column="14"         android:layout_row="2"         android:layout_columnSpan="2"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyDelete"         android:text="◀️"         android:layout_column="16"         android:layout_row="2"         android:layout_columnSpan="4"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyColon"         android:text=":"         android:layout_column="1"         android:layout_row="3"         android:layout_columnSpan="3"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keySpace"         android:text=""         android:layout_column="4"         android:layout_row="3"         android:layout_columnSpan="12"         />     <Button         android:onClick="keyPress"         android:layout_width="0dp"         android:layout_columnWeight="1"         android:id="@+id/keyPeriod"         android:text="."         android:layout_column="16"         android:layout_row="3"         android:layout_columnSpan="3"         />  </GridLayout> 

I want the keyboard to look normal (as described above) but the empty column seems to be ignored and the keyboard ends up looking like this:

Picture of the result of the XML layout file

Why is my TRY CATCH block in SQL Server immediately exiting on error completely ignoring the remaining code in the block, including my error handling?

Below is a snippet of my TRY/CATCH logic within a stored procedure with error handling (I did not include all of the DECLARE statements). This is being ran within a stored procedure, however I am simply testing this in a session via SSMS (would this affect the behavior?). I did stumble across this thread, but do I have to go to these lengths to simply capture errors?

BEGIN TRY DECLARE @sql varchar(1000); SET @sql = 'select 1/0'; EXEC(@sql); -- On Error the remaining TRY/CATCH below is compeltely ignored I discovered. DECLARE @error int; SET @error = @@error; IF @error > 0  BEGIN      SET @raisemessage = 'SQL Backup Error: ' + cast(@rc as varchar(10));          RAISERROR (@raisemessage, 16,1);  END END TRY  BEGIN CATCH     SET @errormessage = ERROR_MESSAGE();     IF @errormessage is null         SET @errormessage = ''         SET @errorstring = @errorstring + 'Database: ' + @name + '  Error: ' + @errormessage + char(10) + char(10); END CATCH 

Can anyone explain the shortcomings of this TRY/CATCH block? Does this not work in T-SQL?

Composer update : Package “drupal/module_name” listed for update is not installed. Ignoring

After hours of struggling to update Drupal with Composer (see my solution here), I have now some difficulties to update some modules. I was able to update with composer update drupal/bootstrap:3.11 --with-dependencies, but I could not update a module with composer update drupal/pathauto:1.1 --with-dependencies, which returns the following error.

Package “drupal/pathauto:1.1” listed for update is not installed.
Ignoring. Nothing to install or update.

The content of the composer.json file is the following.

{     "name": "drupal/drupal",     "description": "Drupal is an open source content management platform powering millions of websites and applications.",     "type": "project",     "license": "GPL-2.0+",     "require": {         "composer/installers": "^1.0.24",         "wikimedia/composer-merge-plugin": "^1.4",         "drupal/views_slideshow": "^4.6",         "drupal/metatag": "^1.4",         "drush/drush": "dev-master",         "drupal/core": "~8.5",         "drupal/pathauto": "1.1",         "drupal/bootstrap": "3.11",         "drupal/token": "1.1"     },     "minimum-stability": "dev",     "prefer-stable": true,     "config": {         "preferred-install": "dist",         "autoloader-suffix": "Drupal8"     },     "extra": {         "_readme": [             "By default Drupal loads the autoloader from ./vendor/autoload.php.",             "To change the autoloader you can edit ./autoload.php.",             "This file specifies the packages.drupal.org repository.",             "You can read more about this composer repository at:",             "https://www.drupal.org/node/2718229"         ],         "merge-plugin": {             "include": [                 "core/composer.json"             ],             "recurse": false,             "replace": false,             "merge-extra": false         },         "installer-paths": {             "core": ["type:drupal-core"],             "modules/contrib/{$  name}": ["type:drupal-module"],             "profiles/contrib/{$  name}": ["type:drupal-profile"],             "themes/contrib/{$  name}": ["type:drupal-theme"],             "drush/contrib/{$  name}": ["type:drupal-drush"],             "modules/custom/{$  name}": ["type:drupal-custom-module"],             "themes/custom/{$  name}": ["type:drupal-custom-theme"]         }     },     "autoload": {         "psr-4": {             "Drupal\Core\Composer\": "core/lib/Drupal/Core/Composer"         }     },     "scripts": {         "pre-autoload-dump": "Drupal\Core\Composer\Composer::preAutoloadDump",         "post-autoload-dump": [           "Drupal\Core\Composer\Composer::ensureHtaccess"         ],         "post-package-install": "Drupal\Core\Composer\Composer::vendorTestCodeCleanup",         "post-package-update": "Drupal\Core\Composer\Composer::vendorTestCodeCleanup"     },     "repositories": [         {             "type": "composer",             "url": "https://packages.drupal.org/8"         }     ] } 

I tried with composer update drupal/token, but it gives the following error.

Nothing to install or update

composer install drupal/token gives the following error.

Invalid argument drupal/token.
Use “composer require drupal/token” instead to add packages to your composer.json.

Instead, composer require drupal/token gives this error

Using version ^1.1 for drupal/token
./composer.json has been updated Loading composer repositories with package information
Updating dependencies (including require-dev)
Nothing to install or update

I checked the composer.lock file and its content is the following.

    "name": "drupal/token",     "version": "1.1.0",     "source": {         "type": "git",         "url": "https://git.drupal.org/project/token",         "reference": "8.x-1.1"     }, 

So, it seems thats it is correct, but the module page still shows it as requiring to be updated.

enter image description here

How can I solve this and install these modules?