Does “speak any language” include talking to animals?

I’ve noticed how a monk’s Tongue of the Sun and Moon and an oracle’s Tongues curse allow them to “speak with any creature” and “speak and understand any language” respectively.

My question is, does this allow them to speak with/understand animals? The spell Speak with Animals is all I could think of as a reference and it doesn’t specify if the animals are speaking a specific language or if the magic is just interpreting their emotions and surface thoughts.

Is there a difference between what the spell does and what these class features do? Would they overlap?

Can I include a Metamorphosis Machine in my HQ/Installation to get a supply of superpowered minions?

In the Powers chapter of the sourcebook Gadget Guide, it lists the Metamorphosis Machine as a device that can empower people to superhuman states, using the following power:

Metamorphosis Machine: Summon Empowered Version, General Type, Limited to Available Subjects • 2 points per rank

If I use the Effect option for my Headquarters/Installation, I get to spend up to 20 power points (in a PL 10 campaign) to design a power that can be used inside my base. If I select the Metamorphosis Machine as such an Effect, would I be able to get an arbitrary number of previously-transformed minions for the cost of a single Equipment Point? Would I need to take a different feature to get untransformed minions first, and if I do, would the transformed minions be restricted the same way the original minions were (e.g. if they were originally my Headquarters’ Personnel, would they still be restricted to only being able to act inside the base), or would they be considered a completely unrelated entity within the rules of the game?

Why don’t raytracing algorithms include the speed of light?

From what I understand about ray-tracing, it is instantaneous in its speed from the light source to the user. Is there a type of ray-tracing where the “rays” move at the speed of light or are affected by gravity? Such methods would be useful in simulating large scale systems (like planets).

Also, can the same method be applied to sound?

Is a VPN and Virtual Machine secure enough for running programs that might include malware

I am trying to start a LEGAL business online but don’t want viruses from any sketchy software that I will be downloading. I will be using a VM and a VPN but was wondering if I needed any other software so my computer, network etc will not be affected. I understand not to have shared files on and all that but still don’t know for sure because some people say some malware can get through Virtual Machines. Thank you for reading and please reply if you can provide any assistance.

Does the HTML password field include any protection against XHR/AJAX exfiltration?

In HTML when we describe a certain field as a password field is it somehow secured against sending out the data via XHR/AJAX/similar technologies?

This is relevant in case we have to deal with script injection and similar attacks.

According to this question the protection is done on the client-side and only protects against physical viewing of the password, is that correct? It’s hard to tell from the lack of information and it is only a blind assumption.

P.S This question has nothing to do with locally stored passwords in the browser.

Build a DFA that accepts strings over {0,1,2} that are divided by 3 and doesn’t include the substring 012

Ive tried to draw it but im not finding the right way. Ive also read it “How to prove a language is regular?” and here – https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1556655/build-a-dfa-that-accepts-strings-over-0-1-2-that-are-divided-by-3-and-do , but still in the same situation. hope someone can help or give a lead.

Thats what ive got so far: DFA that accepts all strings

By RAW, do monks include their ability modifier in the damage roll of their unarmed strikes?

By default, an unarmed strike deals 1 + Strength modifier damage. If a character has one or more levels in Monk, the class’s Martial Arts ability gives them the following benefit (among others):

You can roll a d4 in place of the normal damage of your unarmed strike

Now, is the “normal damage” of the unarmed strike the “1 + Strength modifier” (meaning that a level 1 monk deals just 1d4 damage with an unarmed strike regardless of ability scores) or is it just the “1” (meaning that a level 1 monk deals 1d4 + Strength modifier damage with an unarmed strike, with the option of using Dexterity instead of Strength)?

Cual es la forma correcta de usar la directiva @include de Blade (Laravel)?

Estoy intentando hacer un layout general y vistas parciales para incluirlas con la directiva include, pero apenas uso la primera @include(‘includes.sidebar’) tengo error 500 en mi pagina (ni idea de a que se debe). Hace un momento funcionó pero me incluía el contenido externo repitiendolo como si estuviera en un bucle. Se repetía una y otra vez pero no tengo ningún bucle. Pareciera ser culpa de la directiva porque cuando la quito todo se ve bien. Dejare fragmentos de código para que me ayuden porfa, Agradecida. 🙂

<div class="row">          <div class="col-sm-4" style="background: #001b01">                        @include('includes.sidebar')           </div>           <div class="col-sm-8">               <!--  @directive1  directiva personalizada. Se definen ejecutando un comando en la terminal, creando un Service provider, defines el metodo, lo registras en el archivo general de service Providers y antes de usarlo ejecuta php artisan view:clear. Luego usalo asi como aqui.          Igual te dejo un tutorial en este sistema -->            @yield('content')           </div>                  </div>

Filter icon for “include null”

I’m designing an e-commerce site that allows for filtering on items based on attributes such as weight, size, price, etc. The problem is for certain attributes, like “weight”, some items have data, and others do not.

A user filtering by “weight” may want to be strict (only include items whose weight is known and in the desired range), or they may want to be lenient (include items whose weight is in the desired range, or unknown).

I could provide a checkbox that says “Include items with unknown weight”, but would much rather have this be a tooltip on some sort of icon button. The problem is, I’m unsure of what icon to use.

I’ve looked through Google’s Material Icons and cannot find anything that fits, nor can I even conceptualize what a good icon would look like. I’m hesitant to even mention the word “null” anywhere.

I’m stuck with three options:

  1. Make an button that says “n/a”, which is either pressed down, or not. The tooltip will will say “Including items with unknown weight”

    • Pros: Provides the user with the option.
    • Cons: Not simple. Another thing for the user to think about.

  1. Avoid this choice altogether and have no option. But what would the expected behavior be if the user is filtering by weight — hide items with unknown weights, or show items with unknown weights?

    • Pros: Simple.
    • Cons: May not meet user’s expectations. If hiding null values, may hide items the user cares about. If showing null values, may show too many null-weight items and give the appearance the filter is not working.

  1. Avoid the choice and have no options — if they are filtering by weight, then show items with unknown weights, but also include some sort of warning symbol on the item indicating the weight is unknown.

    • Pros: Simple.
    • Cons: Results may contain too many items with no weights and cause the user to scan too much.