Master Alloys and Alloying Additives Information

Master alloys and alloying additives are alloy-element concentrates, grain refiners, hardeners, deoxidants, and other agents added to a melt or metal-powder blend to produce a particular alloy, modify a melt, or alter processing characteristics. They are designed to improve processes in metallurgy by refining the final properties of different rare metals. Alloying agents and elements are used as additions to modify or produce alloys in primary metal production melts, foundry melts, and powder metal-blend manufacturing.

Benefits of Master Alloys and Alloying Additives
Master Alloys
A master alloy is a pre-alloyed concentrate or mixture of alloying elements. They are used to add all the major alloying elements in one form to the base metal. For example, a 10% addition of 60% aluminum – 40% vanadium composition master alloy to 90% pure titanium will produce Ti-6Al-4V alloy.
Master alloys are essential for adding small amounts of compounds with large melting point differentials. This is because adding a virgin metal to a melt can be inefficient in terms of energy and metal yield. For example, a small addition of pure copper (1083°C melting point) to a large mass of aluminum (660°C melting point) would require heating all the aluminum above 1083°C. A 50-50 master alloy of copper and aluminum eliminates unnecessary heating of the aluminum, allowing the correct percentage of this alloy to be added to the bulk of aluminum at a much lower temperature.
 Master alloys are also the most effective method of introducing controlled levels of rare earth metals to more complex alloy systems. They help to control oxygen content within the alloy, stabilizing metals that would normally oxidize in the atmosphere.

Copper-based master alloys are produced for the brass and copper industry. The range includes alloys such as Copper-Iron, Copper Manganese, Copper Boronand Copper Zirconium.
The common factor among these alloys is that they dissolve better than the corresponding pure metal or metals. Using KBM Affilips copper-boron 2% master alloy is a great method for improving the quality of copper alloys and brasses. Boron is an effective deoxidiser for copper, without the harmful effect of reducing the electrical conductivity.
The element is also highly effective when compared to other deoxidisers such as phosphorus, lithium or magnesium, therefore less boron is needed per kg of oxygen to achieve the same deoxidation effect.
In copper alloys, boron also slows grain growth during heating. In addition, boron facilitates pouring and filling operations. In brasses, boron behaves as a strong grain refiner. It reacts with several elements present in the melt and the products formed are often insoluble compounds dispersed as fine particles through the melt which act as nucleants.
The mechanical properties are increased with boron and the internal soundness of brass castings is improved.

Applications
Major applications of copper boron alloys include:
Deoxidiser for copper.
Grain refiner for brass.

Most of the ferrochrome produced worldwide is used in manufacturing stainless steel. The chromium content present in stainless steel provides resistance to corrosion as well as gives stainless steel its customary appearance. Around 18% of chrome is used in per unit content of stainless steel. Ferrochrome powder is used in the field of powder metallurgy. Ferrochrome slag is a chemically stable substance. It is used in road construction and civil engineering as well as in the production of refractory materials.
Chromium powder can be used to repair and prevent the four pipes of the boiler, and metallurgically distribute the wear-resistant lining of the chute. The use of tubular wire surfacing with Cr3C2 will greatly increase the service life of the grinding roller.

Custom post ID & display information related to this ID

I’m new to WordPress and I want users to be able to retrieve a post by its ID.

For that I will be using a form in the homepage asking an ID and submitting the form will redirect user to the post’s URL.

I see that as 2 steps:

  1. use dynamic permalinks
  2. display post information based on the ID (I am using CPT UI and ACF)

For step 1, I went to wp-admin/options-permalink and set it to "simple > http://.com/?p=123". Hopefully it’s the good way, correct?

For step 2, how can I retrieve the ID from the URL and display the informations related to a particular post?

  • should I edit a particular page like posts.php?
  • how to edit this page? FTP or add-on?
  • is there a way to do such thing from the UI directly?

The SQL Server replication subscriber cannot start: ‘No agent status information is available.’

I am trying to run merge replication of the database between two servers (both are SQL Server version 15). Both servers are in the domain. On both I am logged using this domain account (all server roles enabled like sysadmin, serveradmin, setupadmin).

I created publication using wizard and selected following options:

  • ‘Merge publication’
  • ‘SQL Server 2008 or later’
  • Then I selected one table as object to publish
  • No filters
  • I unchecked ‘Schedule the Snapshot Agent to run at the following times’
  • Snapshot Agent: ‘Run under the following windows account’ – I entered my domain account + password
  • Connect to the publisher: ‘By impersonating the process account’

Publication has been created successfully.

I created subscription using wizard and selected following options:

  • Publication dialog – I have selected publication which I have just created
  • ‘Run each agent at its Subscriber (pull subscription)’
  • I have selected the database on the destination server (I created it before running subscription wizard)
  • Merge agent security dialog: again I have entered my domain credentials, Connect to Distributor: ‘by impersonating…’, Connect to Subscriber: ‘by impersonating…’
  • Synchronization schedule dialog: ‘Subscriber’, ‘Run continuously’
  • Initialize Synchronizations dialog: ‘Initialize’, ‘At first synchronization’
  • Subscription Type: ‘Client’, ‘First to Publisher wins’

Subscription has been created successfully

But when I right click on subscriber and select ‘View synchronization status’ the message appears:

'No agent status information is available.' 

and when I try to click ‘Start’ button then the error message appears:

'The agent could not be started. SQLServerAgent Error: Request to run job DEV-SQL1\DB1-ag_publ5-ag_publication_5_2-DEV-SQL2\DB1-ag_subs5- 0 (from User sa) refused because the job is already running from a request by User sa. Changed database context to 'ag_subs5'. (Microsoft SQL Server, Error: 22022) ' 

I created snapshots on the publisher site, stop the related job on the subscriber site and then pressed ‘Start’ button in ‘View synchronization status’ dialog, but the result is always as described above.

Any suggestion how can I start my subscriber are kindly appreciated.

Where to find information about the official DnD5e books title creatures?

I’m wondering where did the title characters from the official DnD5e books come from. What are their lores in the world of DnD 5e. I want to know more about: Tasha, Xanathar, Mordenkainen and Volo.

Where can I learn more about their stories? Is there any official information? Or are they only some cool naming for the books?

Is there any information about them in their books?

How much information is conveyed when a spell is identified?

Xanathar’s Guide to Everything "expands on the spellcasting rules presented in the Player’s Handbook and Dungeon Master’s Guide, providing…new options", including the ability to identify spells.

Identifying A Spell

Sometimes a character wants to identify a spell that someone else is casting or that was already cast. To do so, a character can use their reaction to identify a spell as it’s being cast, or they can use an action on their turn to identify a spell by its effect after it is cast.
If the character perceived the casting, the spell’s effect, or both, the character can make an Intelligence (Arcana) check with the reaction or action. The DC equals 15 + the spell’s level. If the spell is cast as a class spell and the character is a member of that class, the check is made with advantage.
This Intelligence (Arcana) check represents the fact that identifying a spell requires a quick mind and familiarity with the theory and practice of casting.

Supposing a spell is successfully "identified", what information is actually conveyed?

The minimum required would seem to be the name of the spell, which is implied by the term "identify". But if a successful check represents that the character is "familiar with the theory and practice of casting," is there more?

Can a character successful at identifying a spell place it on a spell list? For example, ‘that human just cast Hellish Rebuke; that is on the warlock list only, so they are likely to be a warlock.’

Does a character successful at identifying a spell know the complete description of the spell?
For example, "Bob’s been acting strange lately."
"I agree." [to DM] "I’d like to attempt to identify a spell by its effect after it is cast." [succeeds] "Oh, he’s under a Charm Person spell. [Looks up spell] "Well, that has a duration of one hour, so we just need to get him away from other people for a while and then he can tell us who he was charmed by."

Assuming XGtE is used, does this imply RAW that any character of Int 10 potentially has encyclopedic knowledge of every spell of up to 5th level?

Caveats for Potential Answers: I am fully aware that I can invoke Rule 0 and decide how much characters know and don’t know. I am asking whether there is any RAW about this issue outside the passage cited. Even official statements about how much of the PHB is character knowledge (as opposed to player knowledge) could provide useful context.

I am a fairly experienced GM and understand the implications of assuming more or less knowledge of the world by characters. I am not asking for this type of response, in part as it could be opinion-based. Expounding on what different levels of information means for worldbuilding will not be considered ‘answering the question’ from my perspective.

Can the Telepathy spell convey enough information to qualify a location for Clairvoyance or Scrying?

Clairvoyance and Scrying are both useful spell for seeing a specific location:

You create an invisible sensor within range in a location familiar to you (a place you have visited or seen before) or in an obvious location that is unfamiliar to you (such as behind a door, around a corner, or in a grove of trees).

or

you can choose a location you have seen before as the target of [scrying]. When you do, the sensor appears at that location and doesn’t move.

If I want to create this sensor at a location I haven’t seen before in person, can I gain enough knowledge through telepathy to do so? Keep in mind that telepathy can share images:

Until the spell ends, you and the target can instantaneously share words, images, sounds, and other sensory messages with one another through the link…

…so I’m mostly wondering if images of a location are enough to qualify for clairvoyance and scrying‘s "seen before" requirement.

giant kin Bow’s, arrows and information 2e

This question is in regards to 2nd Edition (AD&D) I’ve looked online for information regarding Giant kin bows and all I can find on the topic is the weight and weapon size for them. as per the phbr10

  • giant kin long bow 125gp 8lbs G speed 10
  • arrow 1/12gp – G – P – 1d8 1d8

but this is all I can find online and in the hand books I have and have seen online what I’m wondering are these questions:

  1. Is there a larger bow then this (my current character is a 10′ giant-kin firbolg with a 20/94 strength what ever that means…)
  2. if so what is the cost wieght and other info in the bows?
  3. what is the range of the arrows or are they the same as normal arrows and is their different types?

Thanks, Foaly

P.S. Thanks for any info you can provide as I’m still searching for answers online as of right now.

Where can I find more information about the Cat Lord?

I’m writing my own D&D universe and there are two deities I’ve chosen from the official setting to incorporate: Lolth and the Cat Lord

The Cat Lord seems to be depicted as a deity for the Tabaxi in Volo’s Guide to Monsters. I’ve tried to find more information about the church of the Cat Lord, how they work, their beliefs etc. but I haven’t found anything.

Where can I find more information about the Cat Lord, especially focusing on mortal worshipers (organization & hierarchy, rituals, worldview, etc.)?

Where can more information be found about Dragonmoots?

In the Rise of Tiamat campaign, Dragonmoots are briefly mentioned in chapter 14:

And again on chapter 9:

Other than these two instances there seems to be nothing else to be found, at least in D&D 5e sources. Even the FR wiki has nothing to add on this topic. Is there any source that details the dragonmoot tradition on the Forgotten Realms?