How can I use Charisma instead of Strength or Dexterity for weapon attacks without being a Hexblade warlock?

I am building a level 2 character for D&D 5e.

For story reasons (I just had to break ties with my patron, in a very fun way), I can no longer be a warlock.

Is there a class (Unearthed Arcana is allowed) that will allow me to basically use the Hexblade warlock’s Hex Warrior feature with a weapon (XGtE, p. 55)? Specifically, this benefit of the feature:

When you attack with that weapon, you can use your Charisma modifier, instead of Strength or Dexterity, for the attack and damage rolls.

My goal is to dip a max of 3 levels in a class other than bard. But a pure bard build is preferable!

Honeypot logs VM’s gateway IP instead of incoming ones

There is a virtual machine ( Virtual Box) managed by OS Xubuntu and a kippo( ssh-trap) on this one. NAT have been adjusted in the VM’s setups with port forwarding by this way: ssh tcp 195.x.x.x 22 10.0.2.15 22 (rule’s name—protocol—current host IP—host port—virtual machine’s IP—VM’s port). The Honeypot logs all connection attempts but writes VM’s gateway IP instead of incoming ones. Can anybody explain how to troubleshoot this problem?

[ Politics ] Open Question : Why did Rep.Elijah Cummings have to die instead of Sen.Mitch McConnell or Donald Trump? Why did a good person who cares about people die?

It is not fair and his death was an immediate shock to me and some of my coworkers as well. He will be remembered as a champion of the poor and their rights, a friend of Racial Equality and Women’s Rights. What do you think?

Why do most interfaces rely on sticky top bars instead of sidebars?

Most web interfaces have the classic sticky topbar + 2-3 columns layout (just like StackExchange).

Stack Exchange User Experience

Some but few websites use a different approach and, instead, have a collapsable sidebar (i.e. BitBucket):

BitBucket layout

While the first approach is surely the most familiar one to pretty much everyone who’s ever used the Internet (including the 50+ generation) and I can imagine it will work better for them just because they’re familiar with it, I don’t quite understand why sticky top bars have become the Times New Roman of layouts and are almost a standard for any modern UI.

Sidebars allow you to:

  • save vertical space, which is limited (compared to horizontal)
  • have a more responsive/consistent UI (and more easily achievable)
  • can show you more content and be more readable (top bars tend to be thin to save more space)

so it feels like they should be preferred over top bars.

Do you know of any studies on this and what do you think it’s best?

Can a War caster cast a Touch/5ft spell instead of making an opportunity attack with a reach weapon?

This is a follow-up to an answer to a question about War Caster & Reach weapons. It is not the accepted answer, but it is the most upvoted one by a large margin so let’s stipulate that yes, a War Caster may cast a spell instead of making an attack of opportunity with a reach weapon is true for the sake of this question.

The scenario

  1. Waclaw the War Caster wields a reach weapon (a whip) and is able to cast Single-Target Touch Action spells like Inflict Wounds, as well as Single-Target 5ft Action spells like Booming Blade.

  2. Fred the Futile Foe is standing 10ft away from Waclaw, and decides to move away from him, provoking an opportunity attack.

  3. Waclaw decides he’s going to cast a Single-Target Action spell instead of whipping Fred, as per the War Caster feat, but wonders whether Inflict Wounds and/or Booming Blade would be valid to use here.

Can a War Caster (Waclaw) cast a Touch (Inflict Wounds) or 5ft (Booming Blade) spell instead of making an opportunity attack (towards Fred) with a reach weapon (whip) ?

Logic would say “probably not” to me, but I don’t know what RAW and/or RAI would say.

Why is sudoers NOPASSWD option applying the exception to ROOT instead of specified user?

/etc/sudoers:

# This file MUST be edited with the 'visudo' command as root. # # Please consider adding local content in /etc/sudoers.d/ instead of # directly modifying this file. # # See the man page for details on how to write a sudoers file. # Defaults        env_reset Defaults        mail_badpass Defaults        secure_path="/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/snap/bin"  # Host alias specification  # User alias specification  # Cmnd alias specification  # User privilege specification root    ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL  # Members of the admin group may gain root privileges %admin ALL=(ALL) ALL  # Allow members of group sudo to execute any command %sudo   ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL  # See sudoers(5) for more information on "#include" directives:  #includedir /etc/sudoers.d  h ALL=NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/brightlight -i 20 -f /sys/class/backlight/amdgpu_bl0 

But doing the command still gives me a permission error.

h@pop-os:~$   brightlight -i 20 -f /sys/class/backlight/amdgpu_bl0 brightlight: could not open "brightness" file: Permission denied 

Also

h@pop-os:~$   sudo -l Matching Defaults entries for h on pop-os:     env_reset, mail_badpass, secure_path=/usr/local/sbin\:/usr/local/bin\:/usr/sbin\:/usr/bin\:/sbin\:/bin\:/snap/bin  User h may run the following commands on pop-os:     (ALL : ALL) ALL     (root) NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/brightlight -i 20 -f /sys/class/backlight/amdgpu_bl0 

Things I have tried:

  • Rebooting
  • Creating a file in /etc/sudoers.d/brightlight with last line of config above

EDIT: Fixed, you need to add sudo, and it won’t prompt you for a password