School requires CA certificate for internet access. Will use of VPN or proxy tunnelling prevent this? [closed]

My school uses a thing called Cyberhound. It filters websites and stuff. In order to connect to wifi, it requires students to use their given username and password. After you are connected, you must install a CA certificate provided by the school to be installed under Trusted Root Certification Authorities (on our personal devices). If not installed, every websites are blocked and prompts us to install the certificate. I did not sign nor read anything saying that they will do this.

I did some research and found out that there is a possibility that users with the certificate can intercept and decrypt any SSL/TLS connection on the local network. Is there any ways to access the internet without the certificate? I heard it is possible with VPN or proxy tunnelling through unblocked ports.

My internet domain expired because the website owner died [closed]

I purchased a domain name that I was intending to use. I paid for its renewal twice. However, I just found out that the owner of the webspace ( died – cancer – and he was apparently too sick to get around to renewing.

I try now to renew the domain through someone else, but I am repeatedly told that the domain name is taken. I think Chuck originally was sending the domains to someone else for renewal.

How long will it be before the domain expires, and then can be reused? The domain is mine.

Is it safe to open a server application on the internal network to the public internet

I am a programmer but I am currently learning about web development in general. I’m creating a server on my local host using nodejs and express. It’s available on my local host but I want to test it with a domain I have, so I can access it from any device anywhere.

What I decided to do was change my router settings to direct any traffic it gets on its IP to my computers internal IP on port 3000 so anyone can access the my html pages from my local machine. This was working quite well.

But after some hours of working Bitdefender Antivirus alerted that It blocked some attacks from a specific IP on port 3000. This lead me to question how safe It was to be doing this. The server is running on my home machine that has my regular files and documents.

Of course I’m only serving the html pages for the site but can someone kindly explain the security implications of using your regular home router as a server as opposed to a dedicated server or a web hosting service.

Note 1: I’m not interested in other aspects such as bandwidth since that’s not going to be a problem.

Note 2: Also I’m using Netlify’s free web hosting right now as an alternate (or instead of the alternate) but it’s god awfully slow to load my simplest html page. It takes a while (inconsistent as well) before the browser can even resolve the domain and then loads the content progressively slowly ( I mean you see things like the main image slowly reveal). when using my own router it’s blazingly fast; not just on my local machine

Is it possible that my personal photos in my smartphone may end up in the internet even if I never uploaded or sync it anywhere in the internet?

Sorry if its a dumb question. I am pretty sure that my smartphone (android miui11) is constantly sending various data to its servers anytime when the internet is on. So, does it send my personal photos to the servers? Or any data related to my personal photos? Can this be a threat? Like if someone in the servers could see and upload my photos somewhere else in the internet?

Internet stalling every 5 mins. Suspect virus

I have a question actually.. my internet slows down every 5 mins… x: 03 08 13 18 23 28 33 38 and so on, on any hour any day. I have a feeling it’s a virus capturing data off my rig. I"m not freaked out , but i wanna know how to chase the problem without deleting and reinstalling my rig. And what i mean by slow down is i will get no bandwidth for that min… Youtube/imgur anything will stop in it’s tracks and go again at minutes later. Only programs that do enough precaching elude it… but if i’m watching any high end streaming it needs to catch up at those times. I’m more curious then frustrated how this is happening and where i can look to get rid of it. Fibe tv internet 500upload 500 download .

Why processes on the internet are not required to use TCP or UDP?

Here is an excerpt from Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Computer Networks, 5th edition, Chapter 5 (The Network layer), Page 455:

[Fifth, processes on the Internet are not required to use TCP or UDP. If a user on machine A decides to use some new transport protocol to talk to a user on machine B (for example, for a multimedia application), introduction of a NAT box will cause the application to fail because the NAT box will not be able to locate the TCP Source port correctly.]

My question is in this context what does processes means? Is it a process of data exchange between routers? And why processes on the internet are not required to use TCP or UDP? Isn’t it apart of IP protocol and thus it will be used on the internet?

What threats Android pose to anonymity when internet is accessed by a laptop through USB tethering but over Tor?

I use USB tethering on an Android 10 mobile to access internet on my laptop. I use Tor browser (TB) on laptop and keep my OS (a Linux distro) on laptop patched for security vulnerabilities. At times I need to consume certain content from websites which I don’t want any intermediary to know about.

Can my mobile device see what data I am requesting and receiving other than that I am connected to a Tor entry node and passing data to it back and forth?

Here’s what I have in mind:

  1. I enter in TB’s URL bar in laptop
  2. TB establishes a secure connection and sends my request to Tor network.
  3. My telecom provider, the first potentially hostile intermediary I usually think of can see only that I am connected to Tor network. For scope reduction of this question, let us become ignorant and assume that my ISP or any intermediary further down does not have the capability to either see my original request or link it back to me.

So far, reasonably good. But, the first intermediary seems to be the Android 10 device itself. How can I be sure that my Android 10 device cannot know what data I am requesting and receiving other than that I am connected to Tor?

I am concerned because my mobile device is potentially hostile in my eyes. I do not know the capabilities of the baseband OS (which some state sponsored entities may exploit), don’t know the vulnerabilities of my Android 10 device which has vanilla Android fused with proprietary code. My mobile device is also at the mercy of its OEM which may not provide security updates for it in future.

How to find a deleted news via internet archive?

  1. I am definitely sure that I’ve read some news between 22 Sep 2012 and 20 Mar 2013. I think that news is deleted from that site.
  2. I know the exact address of that site.
  3. That site is not in English, and it is in Persian.
  4. Also, I can remember the important keywords of that news.

I used, and it listed 15 pages per month [by average], but it should not be correct, because that site is a great news agency.

I don’t know how should I find that news. Is there any search engine in which I can restrict the address, and the interval of dates?

Also, I don’t know what is a good tag for this question. I hope that someone helps me by editing my post with some suitable tags.