Is it a legal concern if a procedural name generator might generate the names of real people?

(This question is similar in spirit to this question, but I think this case is sufficiently different and specific enough to warrant a new question.)


In one of my current side projects, I have a little procedural name generation system for NPCs. Its purpose is akin to the random profiler in Watch_Dogs and the way it procedurally generates little NPC identities and blurbs to flesh out the game world, in that the system exists to spit out some generic NPC identities and give bits of information about them. Which can sometimes give very funny results, in Watch_Dogs’s case.

The procedural system in my project is fairly basic, and it generates:

  1. a random first name, taken from a list of the most common baby names in North America. (i.e. Anna, Nancy George, William, etc.)
  2. a random last name, taken from a list of the most common surnames in North America. (i.e. Rogers, Smith, Walker, Brown, etc.)

As a result of this dataset, the generator typically spits out generic names like "John Smith" and "Marcy Walker," which is what I wanted it to do and it works as intended.

The question

In the process of testing, I have noticed something about this generation system: because it is specifically designed to generate normal-sounding names that could plausibly exist, it can inadvertently generate the names of real, famous people. For example, it has the potential to spit out "Chris Pine," "Will Smith," "Tom Hanks," and probably a few others, simply because it pulls from lists of common names and could plausibly stumble across and combine those options. From a player’s point of view, it would probably be a little surprising to stumble across an NPC named Tom Hanks just wandering around the world.

This leads me to my question: If I were to ever release this game commercially, is it possibly going to be a legal concern if a procedural name generator sometimes inadvertently spits out the names of famous, real people? Are there other potential ways this could be a problem from a game design standpoint? Would it count as some kind of unauthorized-use-of-identity issue? And, if so, should I program in some "blacklists" of names that the procedural generator should avoid spitting out, i.e. by giving it lists of celebrity names to avoid?

Is it legal to use the APIs of, Eventbrite etc, to aggregate their event data into one place, similar to Google?

I have a predicament. I’m trying to build a platform that will basically be a place where all events, online/offline, are listed.

Initially – my platform will obviously have zero events, because nobody knows about it. And for anyone to use it – there needs to be events on there – classic chicken and egg scenario.

My thought was to aggregate events on to my platform (and link to their source), whilst also allowing users to create events on MY platform. Eventually, I’d be able to not bother listing events from other sources if mine gains enough traction. So, I am definitely competing with these sites.

Google is pulling data from many different events sources, and displaying it on their pages like so –;events&rciv=evn&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiYtuPx2bLuAhU3REEAHaRkCZ0Q5rwDKAJ6BAgNEA4&sxsrf=ALeKk03Uj9jeI8lTj0__V-UWcgcv_pdFew:1611427139353#htivrt=events&htidocid=L2F1dGhvcml0eS9ob3Jpem9uL2NsdXN0ZXJlZF9ldmVudC8yMDIxLTAyLTAzfDE2ODA2NzEwNzgyNjAxNDg4MTQ2&fpstate=tldetail

The difference is, Google, I assume (?), is probably scraping the data rather than using APIs.

In the Meetup API Terms, it states:-

"Not use the Meetup API for any commercial purpose without the express written consent of Meetup;

Not undermine our commercial interests or make unreasonable commercial uses of the Meetup API, such as by substantially replicating our Platform or significant aspects of the Platform, to be determined in Meetup’s sole discretion;

While you may charge for any application you develop (subject to Meetup’s consent), you may not sell, lease, or sublicense the Meetup API;"

I know aggregating is a bit of a legal grey area but I wanted to ask for opinions on whether or not this would be legal, and if not – how the hell do I get any traction and users without having any content?

Note: This is in the UK.

Is this site with Pathfinder 2e content legal?

Within the spoiler block is a link to the "Licenses" page of the site in question and an example of a page with content:

The licensing page opens with:

This website uses trademarks and/or copyrights owned by Paizo Publishing, LLC, which are used under Paizo’s Community Use Policy. We are expressly prohibited from charging you to use or access this content. This website is not published, endorsed, or specifically approved by Paizo Publishing. For more information about Paizo’s Community Use Policy, please visit For more information about Paizo Publishing and Paizo products, please visit

I am not a lawyer and am wondering whether this site is legally hosting its content. Notably, clicking on various book/page references throughout the site will bring you to a purchasing page for that product, though perhaps there is also some legal, free version of everything on this site that I simply have not found, or it really is all covered by the Paizo Inc. Community Use Policy.

That policy states (among many other things):

You may descriptively reference trademarks, proper names (characters, deities, artifacts, places, etc.), locations, dialogs, plots, storylines, language, and incidents from products listed in Section 1 of our Community Use Approved Product List below.

Section 1 includes (among other things) "Pathfinder Roleplaying Game books".

I am personally unable to determine whether the content on the site in question is covered under that policy.

Is this site is legally hosting its content? In other words, is it likely to be struck down and thus should not be linked to?

Small company owned by PC shadowrunners – which legal form it should be?


We are playing SR3 in Seattle, but all players and GMs are from Europe & not skilled in law, not mentioning USA/Shadowrun law.

We are seeking for something somehow believable in USA/SR3 context (so we can find more about that later and build on that).

PCs got and took offer from friendly NPC (which "owes" them a lot and is trusted and good positioned) to buy some IDs and small company. They want run that as legal front for their new IDs to have "legal source of income" and a way for customers to be able pay by official money somehow. The company would own some buildings, cars and equipement too. PCs have large net of NPC contacts, which are willing and able "buy services" from that company (while paid by PCs for that) to keep the company alive, if needed. PCs should be able secretly run mentioned company while posing as "only ordinaly employees".

Antifraud and financial teams are not usually extra interested actively investigate such "small fishes".


GM does not know, what kind of legal form that should be called (like "Freds Services, inc." or so) and what to google for.


We play in really light "shadows", usually just some investigations, creating chaos here and there for distractration and such, PCs already killed few humans (mostly in "really excessive self defence"), but there are no visible traces to them and it is more exception, than a rule. The setting is soft and forgiving a lot, GM helps players to win many times. We just want to have fun and cinematic, not heavy drama and strugling. The "real action" takes less than half of gaming time, the rest is spend by buiding house, repairing and enhancing gear, cooking, gardening, chatting, dog shamman hiding bones on secret places … So the following plan should succeed and work for some time and offer a lot of small activities too.

The background is, that some well hidden NPC/company collected some IDs of peoples, who died, bud was not entered as dead in system, corpses dissapeared and those IDs was "kept alive", transfered to work for some existing company "Bettys laboratories, something" (which was build and kept just for this purpose), used for who know what for years (need a lend ID to spend a week with prostitues in resort? Here is ID for the week, for some price, so you real ID get no moral harm … style). And now the owner wants to close this "Bettys laboratories", sell all IDs to Shadows, divide the company to many idependent smaller independent sections/branches (via net of transactions) and sell them for lot of money. He have good law suport and knows what he is doing to hide the origins, but probably wants to start something different and bigger and so he want to capitalise this "Bettys laboratories" fast and discreetly. (GMs narative, why PC can buy legally clean company and new IDs, which are basically real.)

Our idea is, that that the "Fred’s Services" will own a house, some cars, properly hire a (innoncent, not knowing) secretary to take phones and transfer messages around, fill legal forms for taxes and make a chair in companys house warm. All income of this company will be "arranged" somehow and spend for paying the house, secretary and couple of "employees". The company would be able to officially send an invoice for some inoncent "services" (like consultations) to (or, or who is todays customer), which would pay for it and put it into official accounting, but those "services" would be simple fictional, intangible and just way to pay the real shadowruner. Basically money laundering of some kind. "Employees" would spend part of the wage to keep "conspiracy flat" paid, part for consumables (everybody needs food & groceries) and rest on "pleasures" (like prostitues, drinks, etc.) which they would then get back in "dirty money" to buy guns and other illegal equipement.

Is it legal for a retailer to share credit card numbers with Nielsen/Billboard (USA)

Lately, in the music world, there is a big uproar over how fans purchase artist’s merchandise. It was set off when rapper 6ix9 accused Ariana Grande of cheating on sales because, as he claims, 60,000 of her merchandise bundle sales were purchased by just 5 credit cards. In reply to that, her manager, music mogul, Scooter Braun replied via Instagram that Billboard audits sales and anything over 4 sales per credit card will be thrown out.

There is a lot of background, but I will keep it brief.

  1. Neilsen (who collects music data on behalf of Billboard via Soundscan) has a point of sale system for brick and mortar physical music seller, but insists that "bundled" sales (music that sells as a download while buying non music merchandise) are handled through a musician’s personal website, with a latest reporting time of Friday afternoon for the prior week’s sales.
  2. Nielsen does impose a maximum of 4 sales of a particular bundled merchandise item per transaction. rules on reporting per shopify Billboard-Nielsen full details (January 2020)
  3. Shopify seems to be the go to site for most musician sites for selling merchandise.
  4. Shopify claims to report all sales automatically (electronically?) the next day to Neilsen Soundscan.
  5. Most musicians have their merchandise storefronts stop an end user from purchasing more than 4 of an item per transaction, but allows the user to buy more merchandise or song downloads after completing a transaction on the same card.
  6. No shops that I tested stopped a card from being used to purchase the exact same thing again.

That is a lot to unpack, I know, but I will stop here with my questions. As I am not sure who to believe, I am wondering if it is legal to submit the credit card number to Nielsen, a 3rd party? If not, could there have been a mistake in Scooter Braun’s word choice (credit card/transaction)? If credit card numbers are being passed to Billboard, wouldn’t musicians also have their developer code a restriction against reusing the same credit card? I don’t know, something doesn’t quite sync.

Thanks Tas

Legal for providers to use navigation information for profiling / advertising?

My internet provider knows which sites I am connecting to (even if only the server names, when using https). Can they legally use that information for profiling / advertising? For instance, if they see me visiting they might decide to send me ads for strollers and diapers.

What is the legal status of this form of profiling in the major western countries (US / EU)?

Is it legal to post card data from an ecommerce checkout to a PCI compliant ‘store’

Let’s say I want to charge a user’s credit card with their permission after a sale takes place. But, I don’t want to have to ask them their credit card a second time.

Is it legal to store the credit card information as they’re filling it out on the checkout, for say 6 hours or something, on a PCI compliant data store, and then only if they perform the action which lets them know their card will be billed again, then and only then charge it.

And then just delete records of cards after some number of time?

Web SiteHacking Is Legal [closed]

What if i Host my Site on Server on the internet Not Mine i Buy it and is it illegal can the Do Something to me in legally i want to know every angle I’m now In United Arab Emirates there Low is Very restrict and i want to know about Hacking i’m only JUNIOR i want to learn but i search every where i can’t find good tutorials or Good Guide can anyone Help me i try you-tube and lots of web Site but they Didn’t explain how

Is it legal to use “Windows 10” to make money?

I am planning to publish technology-based content in Turkish language (maybe also in English language after some time) on my blog webpage that I’ll open and make money via blogger earning methods like Google AdSense. One of the technolgy I’ll cover for this blog is Windows 10.

For example, I’ll publish contents like;

  • What are system requirements for Windows 10?
  • How to change screen brightness in Windows 10?
  • How to install/uninstall a program in Windows 10?
  • What are ping command and its parameters?
  • How to ping to another machine on the internet in Windows 10?
  • Which settings can be implemented in Control Panel in Windows 10?


As you guess, I need a Windows 10 OS and screenshots or screen videos of it. Therefore, I am planning to create a Windows 10 virtual machine to prepare my content by using “Media Creation Tool” provided on this page to get Windows 10 ISO file. I’ll use this Windows 10 VM without activation until it forces me and I’ll recreate the VM on the day it forces me.

However, firstly, I want to be sure this kind of usage is legal or not.