restrictions on the bone knight special skeletal mount

Paladins becoming a Bone Knight lose the services of their paladin mount and gain a skeletal mount instead. The wording seems to restrict the type of mount, allowing only a skeletal warhorse or pony:

Summon Skeletal Steed (Sp): At 2nd level, you gain the services of a skeletal steed: a heavy warhorse with the skeleton template applied (or a war pony with the skeleton template applied for Small bone knights). You may call this steed in the same fashion as a paladin whose level equals your paladin level plus your bone knight level, and the steed gains the same special abilities as a paladin’s special mount at the same effective level. A skeletal steed cannot be turned while its bone knight master rides it.

But previous paladin levels are taken into account in almost every aspect and the wording seems not really extremely explicit about the restriction. So.. could this be interpreted as maybe the warhorse and pony being the default but also allowing different types of mounts (provided the skeletal template is applied), such as a skeletal Pegasus for example? and could allowing that, considering the strengths and weaknesses of the Bone Knight class, still be considered fair and balanced?

PS: personally, a skeletal warhorse or skeletal pony sound rather useless to me, especially for a paladin previously owning, say, a unicorn. more than anything the skeletal template only ruins whatever it is applied to (well, special abilities anyway).

[ Buying & Selling ] Open Question : BOUGHT A USED CAR FROM AUTONATION TWO DAYS AGO AND HAS MOTOR mount ISSUES, should I return for my money back or fix?

I bought a car two days ago checked it with my husband. After a few days driving I realized there is a vibration that keeps bothering me. The motor mounts ended up being the problem. I spent so much money on the deposit for the car that it’s hard for me to fix it at this point. The car has a 5-day money back guarantee. I have mixed feelings, should I fix it for $ 500 if the car is worth $ 10,000 based on the inspection. I paid $ 8,900 but I feel like the dealer should have taken care of it. FYI it’s in FL, the car is a Lexus RX 330 old model 2004. Dealer said I should have purchased the warranty if I wanted them to fix it. But they didn t disclose the information on the motor mounts that was stated in the INSPECTION DOCS I found later in the hood of the car from August of this year. They did not fix them because of the cost. Can they sell a car like that without letting you know? I feel very shady about this whole situation… I have a mechanic who will fix the 3 motor mounts for $ 300 but I put so much money into the deposit and insurance… dont know if its worth it Dealer said they will not fix it because I did not purchase the warranty but dont they have to disclose any major issues? Also, they have a 5 day money back guarantee so Im thinking thats my only option. The mechanic saw the rest of the car and said everything else is good. Brakes are new and compressor and valves look new, no leaks.

[ Buying & Selling ] Open Question : BOUGHT A USED CAR FROM AUTONATION TWO DAYS AGO AND HAS MOTOR mount ISSUES, should I return for my money back or fix?

I bought a car two days ago checked it with my husband. After a few days driving I realized there is a vibration that keeps bothering me. The motor mounts ended up being the problem. I spent so much money on the deposit for the car that it’s hard for me to fix it at this point. The car has a 5-day money back guarantee. I have mixed feelings, should I fix it for $ 500 if the car is worth $ 10,000 based on the inspection. I paid $ 8,900 but I feel like the dealer should have taken care of it. FYI it’s in FL, the car is a Lexus RX 330 old model 2004. Dealer said I should have purchased the warranty if I wanted them to fix it. But they didn t disclose the information on the motor mounts that was stated in the INSPECTION DOCS I found later in the hood of the car from August of this year. They did not fix them because of the cost. Can they sell a car like that without letting you know? I feel very shady about this whole situation… I have a mechanic who will fix the 3 motor mounts for $ 300 but I put so much money into the deposit and insurance… dont know if its worth it Dealer said they will not fix it because I did not purchase the warranty but dont they have to disclose any major issues? Also, they have a 5 day money back guarantee so Im thinking thats my only option. The mechanic saw the rest of the car and said everything else is good. Brakes are new and compressor and valves look new, no leaks.

How do I mount a harddrive with an option (-o)?

Problem

I want to mount my harddrive with usrquota enabled. When mounting, I use the following command:

$   mount -t ext4 -o defaults,usrquota,grpquota /dev/sdc1 /home 

When I check the mounted disk, I see that the option hasn’t been added to the disk:

$   mount  /dev/sdc1 on /home type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered) 

In other words, the options usrquota,grpquota is missing. Can someone help me getting this command working?

> FSTAB works fine

In FSTAB I can mount this disk without any issues. I use the following command to mount this harddrive.

UUID= /home ext4 defaults,usrquota,grpquota 0 0 

> Reason why I mount using a crobjob instead

Imagine I detach this volume from my server and reboot this server. The server will end up in a emergency state that I cannot control externally (I’m using Azure, by the way). To prevent this from happening, I use the following cron instead:

@reboot root sleep 60; mount -t ext4 -o defaults,usrquota,grpquota /dev/sdc1 /home 

Now you see why I need that option to be working with the mount command. Without this option, I cannot examine the saved data in this drive using repquota.

How to mount S3 bucket automatically on reboot

I am using s3fs to mount an s3 bucket on my Ubuntu server:

sudo apt-get install s3fs  sudo vim /etc/passwd-s3fs // <--put user access ket and secret key here  sudo chmod 640 /etc/passwd-s3fs // <-- change permission to password file  sudo vim /etc/fuse.conf // uncomment user_allow_other 

Now mount the s3 bucket:

sudo s3fs -o allow_other s3-bucket-name /home/myuser/s3 

I want to make sure that the bucket is mounted automatically after reboot, how can I do this?

USB detected slowly and does not auto mount in Ubuntu 18.04

I have recently installed Xubuntu 18.04 on my Dell Studio 1558 laptop, and I find that by USB is now taking a long time to be detected and does not get auto mounted by the file manager. It used to work fine with the 17.XX version of Xubuntu.

I find that right after plugging in the USB, dmesg shows that it has detected the USB, but the entry in /dev is created only after some time. Even after the entry gets created (/dev/sdb), it is not auto mounted. I can manually mount the USB and it is accessible after that.

I have checked dconf editor for auto mount options and they look fine. The drive does not show up in Disks utility either.

Following are my observations:

dmesg and other command output (right after plugging in the USB)

 privat@privat-Studio-1558:~$   lsblk NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT sda      8:0    0 298.1G  0 disk ├─sda1   8:1    0  39.2M  0 part ├─sda2   8:2    0  14.7G  0 part ├─sda3   8:3    0 104.8G  0 part ├─sda4   8:4    0     1K  0 part ├─sda5   8:5    0   7.9G  0 part └─sda6   8:6    0 170.7G  0 part / sr0     11:0    1  1024M  0 rom  privat@privat-Studio-1558:~$   sudo fdisk -l [sudo] password for privat: Disk /dev/sda: 298.1 GiB, 320072933376 bytes, 625142448 sectors Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disklabel type: dos Disk identifier: 0x06d985af  Device     Boot     Start       End   Sectors   Size Id Type /dev/sda1  *           63     80324     80262  39.2M de Dell Utility /dev/sda2           80325  30800324  30720000  14.7G 83 Linux /dev/sda3        30800325 250624148 219823824 104.8G 83 Linux /dev/sda4       250626046 625141759 374515714 178.6G  5 Extended /dev/sda5       608653312 625141759  16488448   7.9G 82 Linux swap / Solaris /dev/sda6       250626048 608653311 358027264 170.7G 83 Linux  Partition table entries are not in disk order.  privat@privat-Studio-1558:~$   df -h Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on udev            3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /dev tmpfs           784M  1.4M  783M   1% /run /dev/sda6       168G   15G  145G  10% / tmpfs           3.9G   23M  3.9G   1% /dev/shm tmpfs           5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock tmpfs           3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup tmpfs           784M   16K  784M   1% /run/user/1000  dmesg snippet:  [  445.202900] usb 2-1.3: new high-speed USB device number 3 using ehci-pci [  445.323808] usb 2-1.3: New USB device found, idVendor=0781, idProduct=5567, bcdDevice= 1.00 [  445.323811] usb 2-1.3: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3 [  445.323812] usb 2-1.3: Product: Cruzer Blade [  445.323813] usb 2-1.3: Manufacturer: SanDisk [  445.323815] usb 2-1.3: SerialNumber: 4C530000210213115415  privat@privat-Studio-1558:~$   lsusb Bus 002 Device 003: ID 0781:5567 SanDisk Corp. Cruzer Blade Bus 002 Device 002: ID 8087:0020 Intel Corp. Integrated Rate Matching Hub Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub Bus 001 Device 004: ID 0c45:6416 Microdia Bus 001 Device 006: ID 413c:8162 Dell Computer Corp. Integrated Touchpad [Synaptics] Bus 001 Device 005: ID 413c:8161 Dell Computer Corp. Integrated Keyboard Bus 001 Device 003: ID 0a5c:4500 Broadcom Corp. BCM2046B1 USB 2.0 Hub (part of BCM2046 Bluetooth) Bus 001 Device 002: ID 8087:0020 Intel Corp. Integrated Rate Matching Hub Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub  lshw          *-usb:0              description: USB controller              product: 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset USB2 Enhanced Host Controller              vendor: Intel Corporation              physical id: 1a              bus info: pci@0000:00:1a.0              version: 06              width: 32 bits              clock: 33MHz              capabilities: pm debug ehci bus_master cap_list              configuration: driver=ehci-pci latency=0              resources: irq:16 memory:f0b06000-f0b063ff            *-usbhost                 product: EHCI Host Controller                 vendor: Linux 5.0.0-31-generic ehci_hcd                 physical id: 1                 bus info: usb@1                 logical name: usb1                 version: 5.00                 capabilities: usb-2.00                 configuration: driver=hub slots=3 speed=480Mbit/s               *-usb                    description: USB hub                    product: Integrated Rate Matching Hub                    vendor: Intel Corp.                    physical id: 1                    bus info: usb@1:1                    version: 0.00                    capabilities: usb-2.00                    configuration: driver=hub slots=6 speed=480Mbit/s                  *-usb:0                       description: USB hub                       product: BCM2046B1                       vendor: Broadcom                       physical id: 1                       bus info: usb@1:1.1                       version: 1.00                       capabilities: usb-2.00                       configuration: driver=hub maxpower=94mA slots=3 speed=12Mbit/s                     *-usb:0                          description: Keyboard                          product: Integrated Keyboard                          vendor: Dell Computer Corp.                          physical id: 1                          bus info: usb@1:1.1.1                          version: 1.00                          capabilities: usb-2.00                          configuration: driver=usbhid maxpower=2mA speed=12Mbit/s                     *-usb:1 UNCLAIMED                          description: Mouse                          product: Integrated Touchpad [Synaptics]                          vendor: Dell Computer Corp.                          physical id: 2                          bus info: usb@1:1.1.2                          version: 1.00                          capabilities: usb-2.00                          configuration: maxpower=2mA speed=12Mbit/s                  *-usb:1                       description: Video                       product: Laptop_Integrated_Webcam_2M                       vendor: M092S-H02-0525-SC48Q                       physical id: 4                       bus info: usb@1:1.4                       version: a1.15                       capabilities: usb-2.00                       configuration: driver=uvcvideo maxpower=168mA speed=480Mbit/s  

After some time, I see the /dev/sdb entry. Output of commands after this:

 dmesg snippet:  [  445.202900] usb 2-1.3: new high-speed USB device number 3 using ehci-pci [  445.323808] usb 2-1.3: New USB device found, idVendor=0781, idProduct=5567, bcdDevice= 1.00 [  445.323811] usb 2-1.3: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3 [  445.323812] usb 2-1.3: Product: Cruzer Blade [  445.323813] usb 2-1.3: Manufacturer: SanDisk [  445.323815] usb 2-1.3: SerialNumber: 4C530000210213115415 [  815.370890] usb-storage 2-1.3:1.0: USB Mass Storage device detected [  815.371165] scsi host5: usb-storage 2-1.3:1.0 [  815.371305] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage [  815.412954] usbcore: registered new interface driver uas [  816.382630] scsi 5:0:0:0: Direct-Access     SanDisk  Cruzer Blade     1.00 PQ: 0 ANSI: 6 [  816.383044] sd 5:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg2 type 0 [  816.384110] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] 122585088 512-byte logical blocks: (62.8 GB/58.5 GiB) [  816.385620] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] Write Protect is off [  816.385623] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] Mode Sense: 43 00 00 00 [  816.386606] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] Write cache: disabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA [  816.401129]  sdb: sdb1 [  816.404620] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] Attached SCSI removable disk  privat@privat-Studio-1558:~$   lsblk NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT sda      8:0    0 298.1G  0 disk ├─sda1   8:1    0  39.2M  0 part ├─sda2   8:2    0  14.7G  0 part ├─sda3   8:3    0 104.8G  0 part ├─sda4   8:4    0     1K  0 part ├─sda5   8:5    0   7.9G  0 part └─sda6   8:6    0 170.7G  0 part / sdb      8:16   1  58.5G  0 disk └─sdb1   8:17   1  58.5G  0 part sr0     11:0    1  1024M  0 rom  privat@privat-Studio-1558:~$   sudo fdisk -l Disk /dev/sda: 298.1 GiB, 320072933376 bytes, 625142448 sectors Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disklabel type: dos Disk identifier: 0x06d985af  Device     Boot     Start       End   Sectors   Size Id Type /dev/sda1  *           63     80324     80262  39.2M de Dell Utility /dev/sda2           80325  30800324  30720000  14.7G 83 Linux /dev/sda3        30800325 250624148 219823824 104.8G 83 Linux /dev/sda4       250626046 625141759 374515714 178.6G  5 Extended /dev/sda5       608653312 625141759  16488448   7.9G 82 Linux swap / Solaris /dev/sda6       250626048 608653311 358027264 170.7G 83 Linux  Partition table entries are not in disk order.     Disk /dev/sdb: 58.5 GiB, 62763565056 bytes, 122585088 sectors Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disklabel type: dos Disk identifier: 0x00000000  Device     Boot Start       End   Sectors  Size Id Type /dev/sdb1          32 122585087 122585056 58.5G  c W95 FAT32 (LBA)  privat@privat-Studio-1558:~$   lsusb Bus 002 Device 003: ID 0781:5567 SanDisk Corp. Cruzer Blade Bus 002 Device 002: ID 8087:0020 Intel Corp. Integrated Rate Matching Hub Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub Bus 001 Device 004: ID 0c45:6416 Microdia Bus 001 Device 006: ID 413c:8162 Dell Computer Corp. Integrated Touchpad [Synaptics] Bus 001 Device 005: ID 413c:8161 Dell Computer Corp. Integrated Keyboard Bus 001 Device 003: ID 0a5c:4500 Broadcom Corp. BCM2046B1 USB 2.0 Hub (part of BCM2046 Bluetooth) Bus 001 Device 002: ID 8087:0020 Intel Corp. Integrated Rate Matching Hub Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub 

The drive is not auto mounted even after this. Manual mount works fine:

 privat@privat-Studio-1558:~$   sudo mount /dev/sdb1 /media/usb 

I am wondering why the /dev entry might be getting installed slowly, and auto mount does not seem to work.

Thanks in advance for any insights.

Mounting /cow on root failed: Invalid argument overlay mount failed

I am using an xps 13 9365, which was data wiped from bios by a friend who then gave it to me thinking it was dead. I tried booting with a USB (current LTS distro (18.04 or similar)) boot disk and got into the language selection / setup menu. By using the F6 option I selected noapic. In bios sata is set to raid and legacy the secure boot option is off.

But when I try to install I get kicked into a tiny font window with the following message

(initramfs) mount: Mounting /cow on root failed: Invalid argument overlay mount failed

Any ideas?

Is it possible to forge key files and mount a veracrypt container?

If I have a Veracrypt container, and I use a key file with a password, if the key file is too simplistic, is it possible to recreate that key file and open the container?

Suppose if I use a .jpg of a simple image, can an attacker open up MS Paint (or a similar program), and recreate the image, and use it with the password to open the container, or would they need direct access to the original image?

How to mount ssd partition?

My laptop contains an 512gb ssd of which i have made 3 partitions. The C drive has windows os installed, the d drive has my files and the other drive is where ubuntu 18.04 is installed. Every time i try to mount it it shows ” can’t find in /etc/fstab”. I tried ” sudo mkdir -p /mnt/Dvol” ” sudo mount /dev/nvme0n1p4/mnt/Dvol”