Does an Arcane Hierophant without animal companion obtain a companion familiar?

Upon entering the Arcane Hierophant class you obtain a “Companion Familiar”, the feature description says you have to dismiss your familiar but you may retain your animal companion if you have one.

Companion Familiar: Upon becoming an arcane hierophant, you must dismiss your familiar, if you have one (You do not risk losing XP for doing so.) You may retain any one animal companion you already possess. You add your arcane hierophant class level to your druid or ranger level for purposes of determining your animal companion’s bonus Hit Dice, natural armor adjustment, and Strength/Dexterity adjustment (see the sidebar The Druid’s Animal Companion, page 36 of the Player’s Handbook). For example, a character who is a 4th-level druid/3rd-level wizard/4th-level arcane hierophant has the animal companion of an 8th-level druid (+4 bonus HD, +4 natural armor, and +2 Strength/Dexterity adjustment, or an animal companion chosen from the 4th-level or 7th-level lists). In addition, your animal companion (if any) gains many of the abilities that a familiar would normally possess. You add your arcane hierophant class level to your arcane spellcasting class level, and determine the Intelligence bonus and special abilities of your animal companion accordingly (see the sidebar Familiars, page 53 of the Player’s Handbook). For example, a 4th-level druid/3rd-level wizard/4th-level arcane hierophant has a familiar companion equal to that of a 7th-level wizard and 8th-level druid (Intelligence 9, alertness, improved evasion, share spells, empathic link, deliver touch spells, speak with master, speak with animals of its kind, devotion). The Hit Dice, hit points, attack bonus, saving throws, feats, and skills of the familiar companion are determined as normal for an animal companion. Due to the familiar companion’s unusual Intelligence score, it may very well have more skill points than other animals of its kind. The familiar companion is a magical beast (augmented animal), but you can bestow harmless spells on your familiar companion as if it were an animal instead of a magical beast. If your familiar companion is killed or dismissed, you do not lose XP. You can summon a new familiar companion by performing a ceremony requiring 24 hours of uninterrupted prayer.

It is not clear to me what happens when you become an AH using classes that don’t have the Animal Companion feature (like a Cleric/Scout/Wizard, for example). Do you still get a companion familiar?

In Ghosts of Saltmarsh, how do the players obtain a ship?

In Ghosts of Saltmarsh, there is a lot of information about ships, naval combat, and the sea in general. However, I can’t find any information on how to get a ship in the first place. I want to run this adventure compilation, and I don’t want to have to sideline the game for 30 minutes to find out how to get a ship in the first place. Could someone please explain how my players can get a ship?

How does a web browser obtain the public key of a certificate author?

As far as I know, when a web browser verifies the signature in a SSL certificate, it uses the public key of the certificate author (CA) which has signed the certificate. Does the web browser contacts the CA to obtain its public key? If so, how does it happen? Does the IP address of the CA is contained in the certificate?

Are the following two ways to obtain server certificates for web servers to host web applications? says for running a flask web application with gunicorn and nginx with https:

Certbot provides a variety of ways to obtain SSL certificates through plugins. The Nginx plugin will take care of reconfiguring Nginx and reloading the config whenever necessary. To use this plugin, type the following:

sudo certbot --nginx -d your_domain -d www.your_domain 

This runs certbot with the –nginx plugin, using -d to specify the names we’d like the certificate to be valid for. says that for running an web application with https:

On Ubuntu the standard mechanism would be:**

  • dotnet dev-certs https -v to generate a self-signed cert
  • convert the generated cert in ~/.dotnet/corefx/cryptography/x509stores/my from pfx to pem using openssl pkcs12 -in <certname>.pfx -nokeys -out localhost.crt -nodes
  • copy localhost.crt to /usr/local/share/ca-certificates
  • trust the certificate using sudo update-ca-certificates
  • verify if the cert is copied to /etc/ssl/certs/localhost.pem (extension changes)
  • verify if it’s trusted using openssl verify localhost.crt

I was wondering if the above two ways are to achieve the same goal as obtaining a server certificate for a web server to host a web application?

Specifically, do the single certbot command and the dotnet dev-certs https and openssl commands do the same thing?

Are the two ways working directly on web servers, instead of web applications?

Can the two ways replace each other in their use case scenarios? (suppose dotnet dev-certs https would work on Ubuntu, for simplifying my questions.)

I am new to digital certificate, and have seen the above two approaches for different web application frameworks, and am trying to understand the commonality.


What happens if you obtain a cursed item while already attuned to your maximum number of attuned items (three)?

Reference: daze413’s answer to “As a monk, can I use Deflect Missiles to protect my ally?”

Scenario: Monk already has his three attuned magic items. Monk picks up a shield of missile attraction, which is a cursed item, and uses it for awhile. This should cause him to pick up the curse. Monk discards the shield of missile attraction.

If I read correctly, most magic items do not function unless attuned, and using a cursed item causes the attunement to pick up automatically (otherwise what’s the point)?

But now we’re trying to exceed the attunement limit by using a cursed item. Oops. Contradiction. Now what?

Mobile phone Number Listings – An Easy Way to Obtain Detailed Info on Any Phone

It is safe to say that you are feeling suspicious that your adoration accomplice might be undermining you? Is your accomplice showing indications of unfaithfulness? Is it true that you are getting irritating phone number list calls regular or night and when you answer, they hang up the telephone? On account of the web, you would now be able to stop your doubts by counseling mobile phone number postings. 

In the event that your doubts are excessively solid and your accomplice denies doing anything incorrectly, you can attempt to access their phone and search for any numbers that are more than once dialed to or accepting calls from. Don’t simply remember them. Record them and afterward do a versatile number inquiry on the web. 

Maybe your need to do a cell number hunt isn’t as radical as an unfaithful accomplice. Perhaps you simply need to refresh your mailing list since you are arranging a wedding or a major occasion and you need to ensure everybody will get their solicitations. 

Despite what your purposes behind doing this are, you can discover a ton of data on the web and in particular, feel consoled that this information will be extremely precise and forward-thinking. 

Among the data that you will get is name and address, kind of telephone they use and transporter they are in contract with. Work status and other foundation data. 

The entirety of this you can do at home or your office and all you need is a PC and access to the web. From that point, it is going great and you will should simply include the telephone number that you have into the site and you will gain admittance to PDA number postings for all intents and purposes in a split second.

can one obtain a file listing from a protected directory when one has not authenticated

I am monitoring a webdav service that has been probed repeatedly since the beginning of February. The Apache 2.4 httpd server hosts just this one application. Access to the application is only possible over https and is controlled by an .htaccess file. Various directories in the web site directory tree are further restricted by an .htgroup file.

The probes have not actually retrieved any files. All attempts to GET result in a 401 Forbidden code. However, the probe is using actual file names found in the directory tree.

There is no ssh service to this host available except when explicitly manually enabled; and then only to internal private ip addresses.

My question is: what technique is/was used to discover the file names and directory structure? I have been trying to find a way to accomplish this and I cannot discover it. But clearly, there must be some way this information was obtained by the probing party.

How to automatically obtain keys in Evolution for e-mail recipients? (key discovery)

I am using the PIM Evolution 3.22.6 for e-mail and contacts. For encrypting e-mails gpg (GnuPG 2.1.18) is used by Evolution.

How can I configure my system such as when I compose an e-mail the PGP key for the recipients are automatically retrieved from key servers and added to my keyring?

For example when I try to send an e-mail to a recipient, which is not in my keyring I get the following error message: gpg: <>: skipped: No public key

In case I run – outside of Evolution – gpg --search-keys a key is successfully found. Is there any way to tell Evolution to deal with the search?

Is it possible to obtain limitless HD?

I’ve been reading the ever-reliable D&D Wiki and there seem to be some disagreement on whether or not Pun-Pun can attain limitless HD. It doesn’t go in to much detail, but it’s got my interest. Is there any way to attain limitless HD?

Given that I’ve already put Pun-Pun on the table, it’s fair to say that anything short of third-party or homebrew contain will be allowed. An ideal answer will show that this is possible with either the level 1 Wizard variant of Pun-Pun or the Divine Minion 1/Wizard 1/Master of Many Forms 3 version that we all know and love.