Steel, Glass, and Plastic Bottles: What is the best choice?

Earlier this year I published a three-part article series titled “What to do with all this plastic?” (Part One, Part Two, and Part Three), which looked at the global problem with plastics accumulating in different areas around the world and innovative concepts communities have adopted to help deal with the abundance of plastic products and manage the growing problem.

Some looked at the creative reuse of plastic water bottles by communities in Uganda, the Philippines, and right here in Macomb County, Michigan. Plant pots, salt shakers, lighting fixtures, irrigation, and even walls for a greenhouse were concepts communities came up with. While the articles highlighted some steps international and local communities are taking to curb the plastic problem it also provided steps to help eliminate it from every day use. One of those steps is to simply carry your own reusable bottle, which we are seeing more and more of these days. In fact, traditional public water fountains are becoming equipped to refill personal water bottles as well.

But between steel, plastic and glass, which is the best? The truth of the matter is that there are pros and cons to owning each.

Stainless steel bottles have a number of pros and cons. Typically, they last longer than glass or plastic because they are corrosion resistant, and do not leach chemicals when exposed to sun/heat. They are generally more expensive than plastic, as the cost to produce them is much higher due to being energy intensive. However, stainless steel is 100 percent recyclable. The best option for selecting stainless steel water bottles is food grade #304 or 18/8, which means there are 18 percent chromium and 8 percent nickel. Additional information on stainless steel water bottles can be found online.
Glass is another option when choosing water bottles. Most of us know that just about every beverage tastes better out of a glass bottle or cup, but the downside is that they are breakable and less likely to last a long time compared to plastic or stainless steel. In addition, recycling rate is low and some public places do not allow glass too. However, in addition to tasting great glass does not leach when left in the sun/heat, but the cost of a glass water bottle is generally much higher than our other two options.
Plastic seems to be the most popular reusable water bottle, although glass and stainless are gaining in popularity for the reasons listed here. Plastic water bottles, or water mugs are cheaper to produce than stainless steel and glass, which makes them very attractive for consumers. However, the recycling rate of some plastic water mugs is low and the life cycles are short too. Plastic water bottles often end up in landfills and can take nearly 700 years before they start to decompose. One of the biggest downsides to plastic water bottles is that they leach, whereas glass and stainless steel do not. Consumers with apprehensions over plastics leaching chemicals may want to review the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for more information, such as the use of Bisphenol A (BPA)-a chemical component often found in polycarbonate plastic. Some manufacturers of reusable water bottles do produce products free of this chemical and typically note that on labels or the item itself. In addition, plastics made with BPA will often have a resin code of 7 appearing on the item. 
Additional information on plastics and problems associated with it can be found on Dr. Lee’s website devoted to health and sustainability related challenges.

Whatever reusable water bottle you decide to select in the end will be of overall benefit to you and our environment too. Reusing a water bottle will help keep plastics out of landfills, reduce your urge to purchase beverages in plastic bottles, and in the long-run save you money.

How are you ensuring safe drinking water when away from home and your preferred water treatment system? When it comes to drinking water, Ontario residents often invest in water systems and coolers to ensure a fresh supply of clean drinking water in the home. However, some fill plastic bottles with filtered drinking water and then reuse those bottles over and over. Unfortunately, this practice could be unsanitary. In addition, there are many concerns about the safety of BPA found in some plastic water bottles. While you could buy a BPA-free plastic water bottle, steel water bottles are a better choice. Below are just a few of the many benefits of stainless steel water bottles.

Stainless Steel Water Mugs are Eco-Friendly
Stainless steel is made out of natural elements to start with, and they can be easily recycled into new products when the time comes. Though plastic bottles are often made from recycled materials and can be recycled themselves, both creating and recycling plastic is less friendly to the environment than stainless steel production and recycling.

Stainless Steel Water Bottles are Much More Durable than Plastic
If you’ve ever used a plastic water bottle, you know how flimsy they can be. Some plastic water bottles are meant for one-time use and crush easily. Others are made to be used multiple times. However, those can melt when washed in the dishwasher. Even if you run over a stainless steel water bottle with your truck, it will survive.

Stainless steel bottles can be used under virtually any condition. Because of their versatility and durability, stainless steel water bottles are the bottles of choice for many athletes and adventurers, also are some glass water mugs.

Stainless Steel Water Bottles are Safe
The plastics in recyclable plastic water bottles are thought to be a health risk. Harmful chemicals are emitted from these bottles, and these chemicals might cause cancer. By switching to stainless steel, you can prevent harmful carcinogens from leaching into your drinking water.

Stainless Steel Water Bottles Keep Your Drinking Water Cold or Hot
Why drink lukewarm drinking water from a plastic water bottle when you could use a stainless steel water bottle that insulates the contents for hours? The insulating properties of stainless steel water bottles mean that you can enjoy cool drinking water up to 24 hours after filling the bottle from your water cooler. Hot water stays warm for nearly six hours in a stainless steel bottle.

You Can Wash Stainless Steel Water Bottles in the Dishwasher
Maintain sanitation by regularly washing your stainless steel water bottle in the dishwasher. Stainless steel is completely dishwasher safe, unlike plastic water bottles which could melt or lose their shape. Regular washing eliminates germs that accumulate after usage.

Environmentally friendly, durable, safe, and easy-to-clean, stainless steel water bottles are an excellent alternative to using plastic water bottles. The steel will not rust, and many desirable features are available such as special caps, cool colours, carrying straps, spouts, handles, clips, and unique shapes. You can even get a customised bottle if you’d like.

Don’t make the same mistake that many people who have invested in water systems in Ontario have made. Use stainless steel water bottles when venturing away from home.

Polypropylene as a Promising Plastic: A Review

Polypropylene as a Promising Plastic: A Review
Darrell Griffin hates to fly, so it was with no small degree of trepidation that he faced a flight from Los Angeles to New York a couple of years ago. Desperate for a distraction, Griffin, a film producer at the time, turned to his business partner for help. “To take my mind off the flight, he put a film on my handheld PC,” Griffin says. The movie was Hercules Unchained, starring Steve Reeves. The diversion worked, and by the time Griffin landed in New York, he had an idea for a new business.
When they returned to L.A., Griffin and his partner sat down to figure out how they could turn that distraction into a business. “Pocket PCs are synced up all the time,” Griffin says. “We wanted to figure out how to create a retail product.” They devised a technology to compress filmed content from CD-ROMs into a format PDAs could display. Then in November 2001, Griffin helped launch Pocket PC Films, in Sherman Oaks, Calif., to distribute video content for Pocket PC and Palm OS devices. Film fans can buy CD-ROM titles, load them on their computer and sync them into their handheld device. (The films will also run on desktop PCs, but the format remains handheld-size due to licensing issues.)
Griffin, now president of Pocket PC Films, has high hopes. “The market is growing faster than we thought,” he says. “Dataquest estimates that 23 million PDAs will be shipped in 2003, but that was before Dell and ViewSonic announced plans to offer models.”
Beware the 9 warning signs of bad IT architecture and see why these 10 old-school IT principles still rule.

Pocket PC Film now distributes 25,000 titles, priced from $9.99 to $49.99, that run the gamut from 1941’s King of the Zombies to Oliver Stone’s more recent Natural Born Killers. The company also provides self-help and business-oriented content, as well as classic TV packs with shows like Dragnet and the Sports Illustrated’s “Swimsuit 2002” special?the most popular title so far.
High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS), which made of HIPS rigid film, and Rigid Vinyl (sometimes referred to as PVC or RPVC) are often the main films considered for a variety of lower cost applications such as point-of-purchase signage, shelf danglers, membership and loyalty cards, and tags to name a few. On the surface, it is sometimes viewed that the two films are often interchangeable and either one can be used. However, there are some key differences in film characteristics that leads to one film being the better choice over the other depending on the application needs. The chart below compares key characteristics of the two films and will help you make the best choice in using either rigid vinyl or polystyrene film

Plastics are categorized into four main groups: thermoplastics, elastomers, thermosets and polymer compounds. Macromolecular structures distinguish the class of any plastic material as well as its physical properties. Elastomers and thermosets have soft and hard elasticity, respectively; and their resins cannot be melted for recycling purposes. However, thermoplastics are either amorphous or semi-crystalline. Amorphous resins are disordered statistical oriented macromolecules whereas semi-crystalline resins macromolecules are nearly ordered since they are embedded with crystalline phases. Typical amorphous resins are polycarbonate (PC), polystyrene (PS) and polyvinylchloride (PVC) where typical semi-crystalline resins includes polyamide (PA) and polypropylene (PP). Since PP is under the semi-crystalline class, our focus will be on this group.

The annual global demand for plastics reached 245 million tons and it is project to grow dramatically because of the increase in public demand. Figure 2 shows the total plastics demand by 2006. Around 90% of the total demand is accounted for five main commodity plastics: polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polystyrene (PS) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). In 1954, Giulio Natta discovered PP, but commercial production began in 1957. PP is the most widely used thermoplastic since it is very cheap and flexible for molding. The second common plastic type is PE. There are different grades of PE linear low density (LLDPE), low density (LDPE), medium density (MDPE) and high density (HDPE). The density of PE grades ranges between 0.925-0.965 and obviously is higher than PP. However, the uniqueness of PVC film is associated with chlorine content (57 wt. %) in its structure. Annual worldwide PVC demand is approximately 35 million tons.

According to previous studies, plastics are the most recyclable materials and there were 4.4 million tons of plastics recycled in 2006.Polypropylene chemical resistance can be described as follows: excellent resistance to dilute and concentrated acids, alcohols and bases, good resistance to aldehydes, esters, aliphatic hydrocarbons, ketones and limited resistance to aromatic and halogenated hydrocarbons and oxidizing agents. Polypropylene has a crystalline structure with a high level of stiffness and a high melting point compared to other commercial thermoplastics. The Hardness resulted from the methyl groups in its molecular chain structure. Polypropylene is a lightweight polymer with a density of 0.90 g/cm3 that makes it suitable in many industrial applications. Still, polypropylene is not suitable to be used at temperatures below 0°C. Experiments proved that polypropylene has excellent and desirable physical, mechanical, and thermal properties when used in room temperature applications. It is relatively stiff and has a high melting point, low density and relatively good resistance to impacts.

Typical crystallinity of PP is between 40-60%. PP is a low-cost thermoplastic polymer with excellent properties like flame resistance, transparency, high heat distortion temperature, dimensional stability and recyclability making it ideal for a wide range of applications.Propylene is one of the most important industrial petrochemical building blocks used to produce various chemical derivatives. The dominant outlet for propylene is PP which accounts for nearly two-thirds of global propylene consumption as shown in Figure 3. There are three major sources of propylene: from steam cracking of naphtha, gasoline refining process and propane dehydrogenation technology. Polypropylene is the most important material among polyolefins due to three main reasons. First, great properties of PP such as low density, high melting temperature and chemical inertness with low cost making PP optimum for long-life applications. Second, polypropylene is a highly versatile material meaning that diversity in structural designs and mechanical properties are achievable. Third, different morphological structures of PP are possible by using fillers or reinforcing agents and blending PP with other polymers which yield to have superior characteristics. Special and reinforced polypropylene grades include elastomer-modified PP, elastomer modified filled PP, glass fiber-reinforced PP, filled PP, esthetic filled PP, flame-retardant PP and thermoplastic elastomers.

A study shows that branching process of linear Ziegler–Natta polypropylenes is possible by creating chains based on the molecular weight distribution. Introducing branching into a linear polypropylene will result in having a product with high molecular weight, high melt strength and better properties like high modulus and tensile strength, rigidity and excellent heat resistance. Branching parameters β, the average number of branch points per molecule, and λ, the number of branch points per 103 carbons, are calculated to identify the polymer structure and properties.

A post-reactor is used for the branching process. The branching efficiency is associated with chemical composition and temperature of the reaction. The relationship between branching parameters and molecular weight is important to design polymers with unique properties for different applications. PP rigid film is very suitable for reinforcing and filling. Thus, another study focuses on studying the effect of fibers reinforcement on the mechanical properties of fiber-reinforced polypropylene composites (FRPCs).

A composite material is a polymer matrix that is embedded with reinforcement fibers such as glass or carbon. FRPCs have better durability, moisture resistance and high strength properties; making them ideal in applications related to constructions, sports equipment and cars. Synthetic fibers yield to have better mechanical properties compared to natural ones. Glass fibers are widely used as a synthetic reinforcement with PP to produce very good mechanical properties composites. However, mechanical characteristics of composites are controlled by numerous fiber treatments and coupling agents. Fiber diameter is another significant factor in designing composites material. A certain value of fiber diameter thickness should not be exceeded; if so fibers will decrease composites strength.

Electrically conductive PP and PE composites are cost-effective, commercially proven and with outstanding electrical and mechanical properties. It is mandatory to understand the distribution, orientation, interaction and aspect ratio of conductive fillers with the polymer matrix to obtain the required conductivity. Better filler-matrix interactions are achievable at low viscosity, low surface tension and high crystallinity. Grafting technique initiates the interactions and the distribution of the fillers with PP and PE matrices.

Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic: High Performance in Ceiling and Wall Panels

When it comes to selecting the right building material for the project at hand, architects have many options. Natural materials like wood, metal and stone may be right when beauty and durability are key. But manmade materials also have their place, particularly when cost and ability to stand up to demanding environments are critical design considerations. Technology has enabled the production of fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) to provide the characteristics needed to simulate – and often surpass – many of the performance characteristics of traditional materials. Just as durable, frequently stronger and typically more cost effective, lighter, easier to clean and install, FRP machine has solutions for industrial and commercial challenges, particularly those with corrosive environments. This article will serve as a primer on FRP ceiling and wall panels, discussing their properties, how they are made, and their appropriate applications.

While many plastics are pure plastics, there are also plastic composites. Plastics can be reinforced when additional strength is needed, usually with reinforcing fibers. The combination of plastic and reinforcement produces some of the strongest materials for their weight ever made. An FRP composite is actually a combination of a polymer matrix and a reinforcing agent such as glass, carbon, or aramid (a class of heat-resistant and strong synthetic fibers), so that there is a length to thickness ratio that provides a reinforcing function.
The resin protects the fibers, maintains their alignment, and distributes the loads evenly among them. The FRP sheets panels may also contain fillers, additives and core materials. None of the elements in a composite dissolve or merge completely into each other, but act together to offer benefits ideal for structural applications. The FRP significantly increases the members’ load carrying capacity. According to the American Composites Manufacturing Association, FRP composites deliver more strength per unit of weight than most metals and are 1/5th the weight of steel.
Many FRP wall and ceiling panels are made of thermoset plastic, that is, a material that undergoes a
chemical reaction in which it is formed into a solid and cannot be reformed. By reinforcing the plastic matrix, a wide variety of physical strengths and properties can be designed into the FRP composite. Additionally, the type and configuration of the reinforcement can be selected, along with the type of plastic and additives within the matrix. FRP composites can be developed specifically for the performance required versus traditional materials such as wood, metal, ceramics, and the like. A key advantage of FRP is that engineers can design the FRP composite to provide the needed characteristics, and avoid cost penalties of an over-engineered product.

A thermoset FRP wall panel provides a long-term, durable, sanitary finish that meets the rugged performance needed in food processing, health care and storage environments. The primary advantage of the FRP decorative plastic panels is their long-term resolution of these performance needs.
On the other hand, non-reinforced thermoplastic panels such as those made of PVC, PE or PP, or combinations thereof, may be lower in cost but have inferior performance characteristics. Because of their lack of reinforcement, they are particularly difficult to install properly. Both PE- and PP-based panels may be more difficult to use with water-based latex adhesives because of high-surface tension properties. That is, during installation, latex adhesives can tend to “bead” and resist spreading, possibly causing delamination early after installation. The high surface tension, combined with thermal expansion up to three times higher than that of FRP panels, can cause bubbles and bulges in wall panels within weeks of installation. Further, only a small temperature change will result in a relatively large expansion of the non reinforced thermoplastic panels-a property that will cause failure and need for replacement in refrigerated and cooking areas.
The soft surface of the thermoplastics makes them poor performers in cleanability and abrasion. Surface hardness tests show that FRP colored plastic roofing sheets are over three times harder than non-reinforced thermoplastics which tend to stain easily and become difficult to clean. This applies to graffiti, food stains and yellowing and color change. In terms of durability, the thermoplastic panels display only 24 percent of the stiffness provided in FRP panels. While often touted as environmentally friendly, non-reinforced thermoplastics contain a small percentage of recycled plastic. The higher the recycled plastic component, the lower the performance characteristics, and use of recycled content contributes to premature aging and yellowing.
In selecting thermoset FRP panels, which have no recycled plastic at this point, architects should note that they do vary in strength based on the amount of fiberglass reinforcement. Less expensive panels tend to have less reinforcement. The panels are generally utilitarian, rather than aesthetic, and have a tendency to yellow with age, though this can be somewhat offset by use of a special sealant. An installation crew experienced with FRP clear roofing sheets is advisable.

Plastic, Paper or Cotton: Which Shopping Bag is Best?

Given the concerns pulling us in different directions—our health, the environment, climate change—what’s an environmentally responsible, health-conscious shopper to do? Let’s compare the main bag choices—plastic, paper and cotton—to try to answer that question.

Life Cycle Analysis
To understand the full spectrum of impacts and benefits of a particular bag, we need to analyze its life cycle. A life cycle analysis (LCA) looks at how much energy is used and how many environmental impacts a product is responsible for at every stage of its life, from cradle to grave. This includes extracting the raw materials, refining them, manufacturing the product, packaging it for shipment, transporting and distributing it, its use and possible reuse, recycling and final disposal.
In any LCA, the total environmental impact also depends on how efficient each process is, and how many protective environmental measures are implemented at every stage. Energy use is also subject to variables such as the source of raw materials, the location of manufacturing and processing, how long a product is used and the final disposal method.
Life cycle studies done in Europe and North America have determined that, overall, plastic bags are better for the environment than paper or reusable bags unless the latter are used many times. Most, however, did not consider the problem of litter, which we know is a major drawback of plastic bags.

Plastic bags
Plastic bags were invented in 1967, but only became widely used in stores in the 1970s. The most commonly found thin plastic shopping bags given out at cash registers are usually made of high-density polyethylene (HDPE), but some are made of low-density polyethylene plastic (LDPE).
The energy embodied in plastic bags comes initially from the mining of the raw materials needed to make them—natural gas and petroleum—whose extraction requires a lot of energy. The raw materials must then be refined, which requires yet more energy. Once at a processing facility, the raw materials are treated and undergo polymerization to create the building blocks of plastic. These tiny granules of polyethylene resin can be mixed with recycled polyethylene chips. They are then transported by truck, train or ship to facilities where, under high heat, an extruder shapes the plastic into a thin film. The film is flattened, then cut into pieces. Next, it is sent to manufacturers to be made into bags. The plastic bags are then packaged and transported around the world to vendors. While polyethylene can be reprocessed and used to make new plastic bags, most plastic bags are only used once or twice before they end up being incinerated or discarded in landfills. The Wall Street Journal estimated that Americans use and dispose of 100 billion plastic bags each year; and the EPA found that less than five percent are recycled.
A 2014 study done for the Progressive Bag Alliance, which represents the U.S. plastic bag manufacturing and recycling industry, compared grocery bags made from polyethylene (HDPE), compostable plastic, and paper with 30 percent recycled fibers. It found that the HDPE bags ultimately used less fuel and water, and produced less greenhouse gas gases, acid rain emissions, and solid waste than the other two. The study, which did not consider litter, was peer-reviewed by Michael Overcash, then a professor of chemical engineering at North Carolina State University. Because the carrying capacity of a plastic and a paper bag are not the same, the study used the carrying capacity of 1,000 paper bags as its baseline and compared their impacts to the impacts of 1,500 plastic bags. The plastic bags used 14.9kg of fossil fuels for manufacturing compared to 23.2kg for paper bags. Plastic bags produced 7kg of municipal solid waste compared to 33.9kg for paper, and greenhouse gas emissions were equivalent to 0.04 tons of CO2 compared to paper’s 0.08 tons. Plastic bags used 58 gallons of fresh water, while paper used 1,004 gallons. Energy use totaled 763 megajoules for plastic, and 2,622 megajoules for paper.
Sulfur dioxide, a type of sulfur oxide, and nitrogen oxide emitted from coal-fired power plants that produce the energy for processing bags contribute to acid rain. The plastic bag produced 50.5 grams of sulfur oxides compared to 579 grams for the paper bag; and 45.4 grams of nitrogen oxides, compared to 264 grams for paper.
A 2011 U.K. study compared bags made of HDPE, LDPE, non-woven polypropylene, a biopolymer made from a starch polyester, paper and cotton. It assessed the impacts in nine categories: global warming potential, depletion of resources such as fossil fuels, acidification, eutrophication, human toxicity, fresh water toxicity, marine toxicity, terrestrial toxicity and smog creation. It found that HDPE bags had the lowest environmental impacts of the lightweight bags in eight of the nine categories because it was the lightest bag of the group.

Cotton totes
Cotton bags are made from a renewable resource and are biodegradable. They are also strong and durable so they can be reused multiple times.
Cotton first needs to be harvested, then cotton bolls go through the ginning process, which separates the cotton from stems and leaves. Only 33 percent of the harvested cotton is usable. The cotton is then baled and shipped to cotton mills to be fluffed up, cleaned, flattened and spun. The cotton threads are woven into fabric, which then undergoes a chemical washing process and bleaching, after which it can also be dyed and printed. Spinning, weaving and other manufacturing processes are energy intensive. Washing, bleaching, dyeing, printing and other processes use large amounts of water and electricity.
To be safe, wash reusable bags in warm or hot water after shopping, which can reduce the bacteria by 99.9 percent and kill COVID-19. Only use the bags for groceries and ideally, put meats into a separate bag since meat juices left in bags can enable bacteria to grow quickly. Don’t leave reusable bags in the car because when it gets hot, bags become an ideal place for bacteria to grow.

Paper bags
Paper bags are made from a renewable resource and are biodegradable. In the U.S., over 10 billion paper bags are consumed each year, requiring the felling of 14 million trees.
Once the trees are cut down, the logs are moved to a mill where they can wait up to three years until they dry out. Once ready, bark is stripped off and the wood is chipped into one-inch cubes that are subjected to high heat and pressure. They are then mixed with limestone and sulfurous acid until the combination becomes pulp. The pulp is washed with fresh water and bleach then pressed into paper, which is cut, printed, packaged and shipped. As a result of the heavy use of toxic chemicals in the process, paper is responsible for 70 times more air pollution and 50 times more water pollution than plastic bag production according to a Washington Post analysis, resulting in more toxicity to humans and the environment than HDPE bags. 

Whichever way you respond, you probably have your reasons. Maybe you’re planning to recycle or reuse that paper bag, or maybe you use those plastic grocery shopping bags for cleaning around the house. Maybe you think your choice, whether it’s paper or plastic, is the more environmentally friendly option. But in reality, whatever you’re choosing between paper and plastic, no matter your intentions, you’re still choosing “wrong” — because there’s a better option out there: a reusable grocery bag.
Reusable grocery bags, including drawstring bag, can be used for a lot more than carrying groceries. A nice reusable bag is essentially a structured tote bag, and can be used for many of the things you’d use a tote bag for. You can pack your lunch in them, use them to carry snacks on a road trip, take books to and from the library, etc.

China 1000L Food Grade Plastic IBC Storage Tank suppliers

▲ Brief introduction :
Kadoya Everbright(Dalian) Co.,Ltd is a Sino-Japanese joint venture company founded in November 2008. We mainly specializes in design, development and quality control of various kinds of stainless steel tanks. The products are widely used in production, storage, and transportation in industry of chemical, cosmetic, food and pharmacy etc. We have the ability and approval of designing, producing and selling general and hazardous chemical products packaging as well as class I&II Pressure tanks. We already got certificate from CCS for some of our tanks(UN approval). In 2015,our company successfully got a patent of a self-design stainless steel tank with heating-jacket and insulation layer.
Our company works on integrating effective resources, utilizing advanced technology and committing to provide customers with a reasonable one-stop package solution. Our products are used by clients from USA, Canada, UK, Japan, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, India, and domestic companies. They are satisfied with our product quality, delivery time and good service
▲ History:
◆ 1911-On August 1st, 44th Year in Meiji Period (1911), kadoya Company (Japanese) was started to do business.
◆ 1932-In 1932,Mr. Li Baoshan started to establish a venture(china)
◆ 1974-On July 1st,49th Year Showa Period(1974),Kadoya Co.,Ltd.was established.
◆ 2004-In 2004,Dandong Changming Trading Co.,Ltd. Was established.
◆ 2006- In 2006,Kadoya Company started to do business with Dandong Changming Trading Co.,Ltd.
◆ 2007-In 2007, kadoya Company and Dandong Changming Trading Co.,Ltd. rached the intention to set up a joint venture company
◆ 2008-On November 28,2008, Kadoya Everbright Trading (Dalian)Co.,Ltd.was established.
◆ 2009-In 2009, became an Alibaba China supplier,and a member of Dalian E-business Association
◆ In October 2009, moved to Development Building in Dalian Development Zone.
◆ 2010-In September 2010,invited by the South Korean government to participate in Seoul International Sourcing in South Korea
◆ In June 2010,Kadoya Everbright started business cooperation with the Japanese listed company-Sendai Kobayashi Pharmaceutical Co.,Ltd
◆ 2011-In 2011,IBC products are sold over 300 units
◆ 2012-In June 2012,Kadoya Everbright purchased its own office building(Jiahua business Building)
◆ In June 2012,the company’s English name was officially changed from(KODOYA
◆ 2013-In July 2013,Kadoya Everbright participated in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics exhibition in Tokyo,Japan me
◆ In 2013,became the high quality supplier of Kobayashi Phamaceutical Co.,Ltd. And obtained the appre and trophy of Kobayashi Phamaceutical Co.,Ltd.
◆ In 2013,obtained ISO9001 international certification
◆ In November 2013,Kadoya Everbright has been established for 5 years,and took monument photos
◆ 2014-In April 2014,took the group photo of board members and staff,
In May 2014,participated in Shanghai CPHI Exhibition
◆ 2015-Go to japan and visit our customer
◆ 2016-The company organized a trip to jeju island
Go to germany and visit our customer
2017-Participated in Vietnam Exhibition
▲ Our Factory
Our factory is located in the beautiful coastal city-Dalian, the geographical position is superior, the transportation is convenient, It can provide processing according to the customer’s drawing, accept customers’ materials for processing, or design and product the goods all according to the customer’s requirement. The company has more than 50 sets of advanced mechanical equipment. With rich experience in stainless steel processing and production and the ability to undertake large-scale projects and orders, and have a strong product design capacity and market base. Products are constantly innovative and diversified.
The products have been exported to japan, korea, Europe and America and many domestic cities for a long time. 70% of the products are exported to japan. After years of continuous exploration and development, the company has developed the production capacity of over 400 varieties in 15 categories in the fields of diet, medical treatment, pharmacy, construction, chemical engineering, environmental protection and logistics.
▲ Our Product
1, stainless steel storage and transportation container
2, Liquid heating&insulation container
3, fermentation tank
4, mixing tank
5, pressure vessels
6, other non-standard customized products
7, collapsible tank
8, spare parts of stainless steel container
Our company works on integrating effective resources, utilizing advanced technology and committing to provide customers with a reasonable one-stop package solution.
▲ Production Market
We have customers from both domestic market and oversea market. Our sales can speak fluent English, Japanese, and Korea for good communication. Our main sales market:

Eastern Asia 72%
Southeast Asia 11%
Domestic Market 9%
North America 4%
Europe 4%
▲ Our Certificate
We always feel that all success of our company is directly related to the quality of the products we offer. They meet the highest quality requirements as stipulated in
ISO 9001:2008, Utility Model Patent Certificate, Supplier Assessment Certificate, Appreciation Award, UN Certificate(UN31A/Y).
▲ Production Equipment
steel plate shearer, bending machine ,welding machine ,lathe, drilling machine, laser cutting machine, hydraulic machine
▲ Our service
◆ Quality: professional QC team, The products will be serious examined
◆ Cost: Cost down according to manufacturing process management .we carry out the production process management, to grasp the progress of the product at any time and submit progress reports to customers.
◆ Delivery: Provide the customer with the production schedule and follow it,delivery on time
◆ Design: To customize the products according to customer’s requirement
To make the detail production drawing according to customer’s assembly drawing
◆ Service:
Prenatal meeting, production schedule, material list review, production progress report, double check before delivery, logistics delivery report keep you get the most suitable packing solutionChina 1000L Food Grade Plastic IBC Storage Tank suppliers

Plastic Sport Water Bottle suppliers

Our History
Taizhou Huangyan Pengxin Plastic Co., Ltd. is located in Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province and is specialized in manufacturing plastic sports bottles and houseware.
With an experienced and professional team, we have exported our products to many countries and regions all over the world, especially Europe & Australia. Our products enjoy a good reputation among our customers.
We welcome customers, business associations and friends from all parts of the world to contact us and seek cooperation for mutual benefits.
Our Factory
Taizhou Huangyan Pengxin Plastic Co., Ltd. is located in Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province and is specialized in manufacturing plastic sports bottles and houseware.
With an experienced and professional team, we have exported our products to many countries and regions all over the world, especially Europe & Australia. Our products enjoy a good reputation among our customers.
We welcome customers, business associations and friends from all parts of the world to contact us and seek cooperation for mutual benefits.
Our Product
Plastic sport water bottle, plastic cutting board, plastic placemat, plastic home products
Product Application
Sports, promotional gifts, household items, kitchen utensils
Our Certificate
BSCI factory audit, Bottle production patent
Production Equipment
Blow molding machine, injection molding machine, tablet press, product mold
Production Market
South Africa, North America, South America
Our service
Q1: Could I get some bottle for samples?
A1: Yes, sample orders welcomed.
Q2Big Grino you have your own factory?
A2: Yes, we have OEM products and professional for plastic water bottle more than 10 years.
Q3: Could I use my own logo or design on goods?
A3: Yes,Customized logo and design on mass production are available. And you can choose the colors or materials.
Q4: May I visit your factory?
A4: Sure, warmly welcome.
Q5: What is the payment?
A5: T/T, L/C at sight, Alipay,Western&Union,Paypal,etc.Plastic Sport Water Bottle suppliers

Why is my plastic credit card and activation code sent separately?

Capital one recently sent my plastic credit card by paper mail and it’s activation code by a separate paper mail. What security problem does this mitigate? If a rogue element has access to my mail box or home, they will have both the plastic card as well as the activation code. The only thing I can think of is that they are preventing rogue elements on their side from having access to the two information at the same time? Or is it something else?

I am beginner and need help with Super Blade Pro & Plastic Wrap filters

Hi to all,

I have joined only a few minutes ago. I was using Paint Shop Pro in the past but have decided to move on to Photoshop. Not sure why, but I do struggle quite a lot in Photoshop.

I really hope someone will be so kind to help me … I have just joined the forum but I have already problems, i.e. filters.

Super Blade Pro (an older version) do not appear under Filters after install. I have tried to download the latest version which is a trial at Flaming Pear site but that file…

I am beginner and need help with Super Blade Pro & Plastic Wrap filters

Plastic Pallets Manufacturer

Qingdao Huading Imp. & Exp. Co., Ltd. have been in this line of business for about ten years. Plastic pallets, distribution crates, boxes, pallet containers and plastic dustbins all belong to the scope of our business. Our products are highly welcomed in Middle-east, Euro, African and American markets. They have received high reputation due to the high quality and reasonable prices.  
Chemical industry used rackable and stackable plastic pallets; 1200*1000*150 mm Euro pallet with two sides, can be used for ASRS system. Steel reinforced, Dynamic load capacity: 2T; Static load capacity:6T; Racking load capacity: 1.3T; 48×40 inch, Factory directly supplied low price, reversible heavy duty double vented deck plastic pallets recycled, grid deck, mesh face, with anti-slip design, flat face; four-way entry for fork lifter; the pallets can be used for stacking and racking application. Pallets are reinforced by steel tubes to meet with the requirements of heavy load capacity and racking request, both beam and plate shelves. The maximum quantity of steel tubes can be fixed is 8 pieces. They can be easily cleaned and washed. They are mainly made of virgin / fresh HDPE or PP material which will have a much longer working span due to lower rate of damage and broken (3-5 years). Besides, modified and recycled material products are available to reduce the cost. Now, this kind pallets have been widely used for construction, textile, food, beverage and auto industries.
1.Product Figure

2.Product Data Sheet  
Specification1200×1000×150 mm
Load CapacityStatic Load:6TDynamic
Unit Weight29.5KG±0.5kg(reinforced by 8 steel tubes)
Usage temperature-25℃~40℃
ColorAccording to customers demand
MarkIntegrated printing
silk screen printing
Structure characteristicDeck typeOpen decks
Bottom typeOpen decks
production processInjection Molding &sweating solderingPlastic Pallets Manufacturer

China Plastic PVC Lid Thermoforming Machine manufacturers

Our History
Our factory was established in 2009 , we have more than 10 years experience until now.
Our Factory
We are the professional manufacturer which engages in R&D, design, manufacture,marketing & after-sale services of plastic machinery, our core competencies is plastic thermoforming machines & molds.
Our company has one professional technical team which has one complete quality control system , we are dedicated to R&D and manufacturing new products with high efficiency, energy saving and fully- automatic.
Our Product
Plastic thermoforming machines & molds.
Product Application
Many different kinds of plastic lids, plastic food containers, plastic spoon, plastic plates, hardware trays, medical tray, food trays and Etc.
Our Certificate
Production Market
We have exported machines to Canada, Brazil, Spain, Argentina, Columbia, Russia, Korea, Vietnam, Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, U.A.E, Algeria, Syria, Pakistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Africa and etc , more than 30 countries and received highly praises from domestic and foreign clients.
Our Service
Quality is our culture, after-sale service is our attitude!
 China Plastic PVC Lid Thermoforming Machine manufacturers