Preferred method of indexing words with diacritics

I have lots of pages using foreign words, transliterated into their latin equivalent, using a vareity of diacritics. Some example of such characters: ā, ṛ, ṭ and ḥ. As for words: Vṛkṣa can be transliterated as both Vriksha and Vrksa.

One page could contain hundreds of such words having diacritics, while the main language of the text remains English. I want to either index all synonyms, or index the variety that has the most SERP potential.

From a SEO perspective, how should I present the pages for indexing? For example:

a) I could add the same content twice, one with the diacritics applied to the words, and one plain text content, without diacritics (so ā becomes a etc, ṛ becomes ri, etc.); where the first content part is visible and the latter invisible. Will this present the danger of duplicate content penalty?

b) I could show the content in their plain text representation, using no diacritics, assuming this has the most SERP potential. I could offer the user some button by which they can dynamically switch the transliteration of those words using diacritics on the page.

Also, when choosing (b), is there some preferred HTML tag or attribute to indicate the synonymous word? For example Vrikshna

What is the preferred shape of a messaging/chat icon?

As stated in this answer, an elliptical speech bubble is more commonly seen than a rounded (rectangular) speech bubble. This is perhaps true of comics, but not in messaging/chat services; it makes sense that you wouldn’t want a round speech bubble for long lines of text.

On the other hand, ellipses are more popular for the actual icons, as seen with Messenger, Hangouts, iMessage, and WeChat, among others:

Messenger Hangouts iMessage1 iMessage2 WeChat

Then there’s stuff like this one:


These rounded-but-not-elliptical-speech-bubble icons seem much rarer (along with other non-elliptical icons), even though all of these above services use rectangular speech bubbles, and many interfaces use rounded icon masks instead of elliptical ones.

We seem to have a lot of thoughts about sharp or round edges but are there any studies about usability between fully rounded speech bubbles vs. partially rounded speech bubbles in terms of icons for messaging? Are there perhaps implicit usage associations, or is it simply that elliptical speech bubbles seem more “friendly” shape-wise?

For bonus points, are there any studies about whether there should be one, two, or more speech bubbles in the icon, and whether they should be blank or not? Should the tail be straight or curved, the tip pointed or rounded? Why not point to the right? There don’t appear to be many sources on the iconography concerning messaging.

Official Google Webmaster Central Blog: Bye Bye Preferred Domain setting

If you used the preferred domain setting in Google’s Search Console they are removing this setting:


As we progress with the migration to the new Search Console experience, we will be saying farewell to one of our settings: preferred domain…

Bye Bye Preferred Domain setting
June 18, 2019

Preferred MIME type of S-expression in `HTTP_ACCEPT` header?

NancyFX has Content Negotiation feature that I can write additional serialization adapter for S-expression by implementing IResponseProcessor interface.

And there is a problem… S-expression’s MIME type seems to be text/plain. So the web server cannot decide actual text file type in HTTP_ACCEPT header.

Is there well known practice for deciding MIME type of text file? For example,

  • text/plain+s: adding its file extension
  • text/plain+s-expression: adding language name

2 selection buttons 1 preferred but with different input types

I have 2 login forms in the same page: login with username&password, login with emailaddress&password.

I separated forms with tabs but 1 of the login forms is always selected as default behavior of a tab.

The one with the username&password is the default selected form.

However people type their email address to the form that I ask for username&password and I got a lot of faield login attempts.

I thought I could have an accordion menu that are collapsed as default or with navigation pills. Another option would be having 2 buttons and when clicked the login form open for each of them.

Any suggestions?

Preferred way of getting domain admin after client workstation local admin owned

Imagine having access to a workstation with local admin permissions.

Let’s say that no domain user is going to login – no keylogging. Also, the workstation had a restart – mimikatz return only computer account cred.

What is your preferred path of overtaking the domain admin account?

Preferred access mode for a directory with PHP scripts and the PHP script itself

The people I work with have the tendency to set the access mode in numerical notation to 777 every time they face access right problems.

The mess is caused by using many users.

  • The creator of files (user: john),
  • The php interpreter (user: www-data),

I’m wondering if there exists a preferred / best / safest access mode setting for directories containing php scripts and the php script itself.

Tons of mail windows opened because of no preferred outgoing server

I don’t use mail normally. So today when I open my app, this caught me by surpriseenter image description here

I selected one of the server and then close the mail window, but there are just so many to go through.

My questions:

1) The email are seemingly created based on some of my calendar events. Why they tried to send me emails?

2) How can I efficiently close all these windows in one go, instead of making a selection of outgoing server than close a mail window?

I have tried to quit the mail app from its context menu of the Dock, but it just forces one of the mail window to the foreground.