What counts as a target for a spell?

There have already been several questions regarding what counts as a target for a spell; some, such as this Q/A, are regarding glyph of warding as it states:

The spell must target a single creature or an area…

And others, such as this Q/A, this Q/A, and this Q/A are regarding the Sorcerer’s Twinned Spell Metamagic which states:

When you cast a spell that targets only one creature and doesn’t have a range of self… To be eligible, a spell must be incapable of targeting more than one creature at the spell’s current level…

There was already this Q/A on “What qualifies for the target of a spell” but this was about worn and carried items/objects not what actually makes something a target.

Jeremy Crawford clarified in the 19/JAN/2017 Sage Advice segment of the Dragon Talk podcast that if a spell affected anything, then it targeted that thing. But now that this is unofficial, I am wondering how to interpret this usage of the word “targets”.

How do I know if a spell targeted something/somebody?

Could you replicate a spell book using minor conjuration?

The Minor Conjuration ability given to Conjuration Wizards allows you to replicate non-magical object you have seen, so could you theoretically create your own spellbook, or even the spellbook of a powerful wizard, and prepare spells of of it? To bypass the “You would have to remember the whole book” solution, assume this wizard took the keen mind feat.

Does Planar Binding require you to keep concentrating on the summoning spell?

Planar binding states:

With this spell, you attempt to bind a celestial, an elemental, a fey, or a fiend to your service. The creature must be within range for the entire casting of the spell. […] At the completion of the casting, the target must make a Charisma saving throw. On a failed save, it is bound to serve you for the duration. If the creature was summoned or created by another spell, that spell’s duration is extended to match the duration of this spell.

Most summoning spells require concentration. Would the original caster be required to continue concentrating on that spell even when planar binding extends the duration?

I was inclined to say “yes” to this, but it was pointed out that upcasting planar binding extends its duration to as much as a year and a day.

At Higher Levels. When you cast this spell using a spell slot of a higher level, the duration increases to 10 days with a 6th-level slot, to 30 days with a 7th- level slot, to 180 days with an 8th-level slot, and to a year and a day with a 9th-level spell slot.

It seems really unreasonable to expect concentration to be even over these extreme lengths of time.

Am I missing something here?

So, does planar binding require the original caster to maintain concentration on the extended summoning spell when one is present?

If a cleric takes the Ritual Caster feat and picks the wizard list, are they able to scribe rituals that are on both classes’ spell lists?

I am playing a cleric. I would like to take the Ritual Caster feat at level 4 to access some wizard spells for utility.

Can my cleric spend the material cost to add rituals shared by both classes (like Detect Magic, Detect Poison, Identify, Gentle Repose, etc.) to the ritual book? Or do I need to find a wizard based written source?

Fireball spell origin with Still Spell

The description for Fireball says

“You point your finger and determine the range (distance and height) at which the fireball is to burst. A glowing, pea-sized bead streaks from the pointing digit”

If you use the Still Spell metamagic feat, which removes the somatic components to a spell, do you still have to aim with your finger?

How does the spell Warding Bond interact with a shield guardian?

I am wondering how warding bond interacts with a Shield Guardian, as they both lessen damage taken. In particular, what happens if the Shield Guardian casts warding bond on the person wearing the amulet, and what happens if the person wearing the amulet casts warding bond on the Shield Guardian?

The warding bond spell description states:

a creature you touch … has resistance to all damage. Also, each time it takes damage, you take the same amount of damage.”

And the Shield Guardian states:

half of any damage the wearer takes (rounded up) is transferred to the guardian.

How do these interact with each other?

Two questions about Smiting Spell

The Smiting Spell feat from PHB2 lets you transfer a touch spell into a weapon or ammunition and then the next time you attack with the weapon the spell discharges, applying its effects.

  1. Do you still get to make the attack given by using a touch spell?
    I’ve found a question about this same issue Can you immediately attack after using Smiting Spell? but it’s unanswered.
    This part of the feat description makes me think not

    You can alter a spell with a range of touch to transfer its energy from your hand to a weapon that you hold. The next time you strike an opponent with that weapon, the spell discharges.

    Because it seems to assume you are making the touch attack with your weapon as target, and then it says “the next time you strike an opponent” which again seems to assume the strike will happen at a later time. But these are all assumptions I’m making, and if I was sure about this reasoning, I wouldn’t be asking this question.

  2. Can you still use a spell modified by “Smiting Spell” as a normal touch attack?
    Let’s say I’m in a situation where it’ll be more convenient to me to use my Smiting Poison as a touch attack (maybe because my enemy’s touch AC is way lower than its normal AC), would I still be able to use it this way or am I forced to use it only with a weapon attack?

What happens when a True Polymorphed Simulacrum is affected by Dispel magic, but only the Simulacrum spell is dispelled?

Something very weird happened last Sunday night in my Tier 4 gaming session : a player had a simulacrum that was True Polymorphed (into a Red Abishai) for more than an hour (became “permanent”). A foe casted Dispel Magic at 3rd level on the True Polymorphed Simulacrum, and succeeded the DC17 check for Simulacrum, but failed the DC19 check for True Polymorph.

I ruled that it became an actual, real, independent (free-will) creature (here, a Red Abishai), but I’m not sure if that was correct.

What happens when a True Polymorphed Simulacrum is affected by Dispel magic, but only the Simulacrum spell is dispelled ?