When exactly does combat start and surprise take effect?

So say I’m going to ambush an orc. I successfully sneak up on him and I attack. The DM determines that the orc is surprised. The orc happens to get an initiative roll of 19, while I get a 10. How would this work? I can only think of two reasonable resolutions to this.

  1. The orc, having a higher initiative, goes first. Since he’s surprised, he does nothing. Then it’s my turn. If the orc survives my attack, it is now his turn, and being that the orc has already gone through his round of surprise, he can now attack me or whatever, and combat proceeds as normal.
  2. I, having started the combat, go first. If the orc survives my attack, but he is surprised, so he does nothing. It is now my turn again, I attack again. If the orc survives my second attack, it is now his turn, and being that the orc has already gone through his round of surprise, he can now attack me or whatever, and combat proceeds as normal.

Which one of these is correct? neither? Does starting combat secure me a turn/action at the start of initiative order like in option 2? If option 1 is correct, could I ready an action to shoot the orc, effectively granting me a similar first attack as in option 2?

Sorry if this makes no sense.

My children want to start playing RPGs; at what age should I allow them to participate unsupervised?

Some games, such as Dungeons and Dragons, come with ratings/recommended ages before they can be played. Are those accurate? Beyond the ratings, are there any general guidelines I should follow when deciding whether to allow my children to participate in an RPG game, unsupervised?

How to start? Before & after pictures network

I have been building this website in my free time for several years. During this time, internet marketing has changed a lot, and I don’t know how to start to attract users.
The idea of my project – publishing before-and-after pictures. This can be useful to a wide range of people and businesses. Designers, builders, plastic surgeons, everyone who changes the visualization. Weight loss, bodybuilding, makeup, as we looked in childhood and now.
Hope to get some valuable tips here.
My project

Thank you in advance for your tips.
Alexander

selinux : root as sysadm_u not able to start at job

I have a system where root user is sysadm_u. When the user tries to start at job, get this error “execle: couldn’t get security context for user root”.

After going through the source code of at and other selinux docs, the issue seems to be the sysadm_u is not able to find any reachable contexts.

at is failing here: retval=get_default_context_with_level(seuser, level, NULL, &user_context);

I am able to see the reachable contexts using the below command and validate this.

# selinuxconlist -l s0-s0:c0.c1023 sysadm_u system_u:system_r:crond_t:s0-s0:c0.c1023 # 

=> No output.

Below is my atd process context:

# ps -efZ | grep atd # system_u:system_r:crond_t:s0-s0:c0.c1023 root 12735 1  0 01:10 ?       00:00:00 /usr/sbin/atd -f 

Test1)

But if i use -l s0 instead of -l s0-s0:c0.c1023 in the above command, I get the below result.

# selinuxconlist -l s0 sysadm_u system_u:system_r:crond_t:s0-s0:c0.c1023 sysadm_u:sysadm_r:sysadm_t:s0 sysadm_u:system_r:system_cronjob_t:s0 # 

What is difference between the above two ? Why would the reachable contexts change if I add more range ?

sysadm_u has roles sysadm_r and system_r

# semanage user -l                  Labeling   MLS/       MLS/ SELinux User    Prefix     MCS Level  MCS Range                      SELinux Roles  root            user       s0         s0-s0:c0.c1023                 sysadm_r system_r sysadm_u        user       s0         s0-s0:c0.c1023                 sysadm_r system_r system_u        user       s0         s0-s0:c0.c1023                 system_r unconfined_u    user       s0         s0-s0:c0.c1023                 system_r unconfined_r 

Test 2) It also gives reachable contexts if i remove the system_r role from sysadm_u

semanage user -l                  Labeling   MLS/       MLS/ SELinux User    Prefix     MCS Level  MCS Range                      SELinux Roles sysadm_u        user       s0         s0-s0:c0.c1023                 sysadm_r  # selinuxconlist -l s0-s0:c0.c1023 sysadm_u system_u:system_r:crond_t:s0-s0:c0.c1023 # sysadm_u:sysadm_r:sysadm_t:s0-s0:c0.c1023 #  

But the crond_t context is missing here. How can i make at works with sysadm_u. Any help/suggestions will be great.

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Is there some native way to control the “sentence start space” in CSS? [closed]

In plain text, it has long been a practice to do:

This is a sentence.  This is a new sentence.  This a third sentence. 

That is, double spaces for each new sentence, heavily improving readability.

In HTML, this is not (obviously) possible. If you try the same, it’s rendered as:

This is a sentence. This is a new sentence. This a third sentence. 

There are “insane hacks”, such as   , but that is both ugly and highly impractical.

One might also probably code something which automates this server-side, such as adding a <span class="new_sentence"> wherever there is a new sentence, and then style that class in CSS to have some right-margin, but that requires “processing” and again doesn’t seem elegant/right.

Is there really no CSS property called something like sentence-start-margin or something like that? I lost track of CSS features somewhere in 2005, so it’s been 15 years of me basically stumbling over random features in both modern HTML, JS and CSS, and for all I know, this could well exist. I hope it does. It’s frankly very strange if it doesn’t.

The single spaces everywhere make my eyes blur together the text and it makes it very hard for me to follow. I kept wishing that Silmarillion had used double spaces for new sentences as I was reading it.

As a first year CSE student how to start and become a master in coding?

I am currently a first year student but I Don’t know how to start my coding journey.Help me if anyone can I want to become a software developer..But currently I know little C just I want to know the resources and some YouTube channels from where I can start coding and I want to improve my logicc too.I haven’t converted a single statement into a good algorithm..please help….. I am a beggineer

sp_AllNightLog – Not restoring differential backup at the start of the process

I have setup [sp_AllNightLog] and running backups in production site with no issues. I have FULL, DIFF and LOG backups happening.

Using version 3.5 and sql 2014 build 12.0.5659.1

When I run [sp_AllNightLog] @restore = 1, @debug= 1 I see that it finds the FULL the backup and restores that. I do not see it restoring the DIFF file. Right after the FULL backup is done it goes right to the LOG files but doesn’t actually restore them. I see messages like this: EXEC (‘RESTORE HEADERONLY FROM DISK=”\sqlbackups\sqlbackups\CASANDB04$ DB04\CentralAuthentication\LOG\CASANDB04$ DB04_CentralAuthentication_LOG_20200413_140002.trn”’) No Log to Restore

How to start preparing for Masters thesis?

I am a first year Masters student in Computer Science from India. I am due to begin work on my Masters thesis after 2-3 months. Currently, I am in a big dilemma in choosing the area of my interest.

Last semester, I took courses in Machine Learning and Digital Image Processing. I developed an interest in the area of Computer Vision (more so on my whim), and I have thought of a few problems which might have interesting applications, but I am unsure of its feasibility.

Please provide some links to journals/articles/blogs/MOOCs which could help me explore the domain in a targeted way, without getting lost in the sea of content available on the internet. On a Google search, I am finding it difficult to sort and select the right material.

Thanks!