Can a warlock scribe a scroll from their ritual book? [on hold]

Say I’m a warlock with Detect Magic in my tome as a ritual spell. I otherwise don’t know Detect Magic.

Can I make a scroll of Detect Magic? I’m pretty sure the answer is no, since a ritual spell in my book doesn’t count as a spell known, but it feels a little strange since I can cast the spell as much as I want (albeit as a ritual).

If a Dragon under the effects of their Change Shape feature is cloned, can the cloned Dragon revert to their true form?

Some dragons have the Change Shape feature. For example, the Ancient Gold Dragon’s Change Shape feature reads as follows:

Change Shape. The dragon magically polymorphs into a humanoid or beast that has a challenge rating no higher than its own, or back into its true form. It reverts to its true form if it dies. Any equipment it is wearing or carrying is absorbed or borne by the new form (the dragon’s choice).

In a new form, the dragon retains its alignment, hit points, Hit Dice, ability to speak, proficiencies, Legendary Resistance, lair actions, and Intelligence, Wisdom, and Charisma scores, as well as this action. Its statistics and capabilities are otherwise replaced by those of the new form, except any class features or legendary actions of that form.

This seems to make it eligible for the Clone spell, which reads as follows (emphasis mine):

This spell grows an inert duplicate of a living, Medium creature as a safeguard against death. This clone forms inside a sealed vessel and grows to full size and maturity after 120 days; you can also choose to have the clone be a younger version of the same creature. It remains inert and endures indefinitely, as long as its vessel remains undisturbed.

At any time after the clone matures, if the original creature dies, its soul transfers to the clone, provided that the soul is free and willing to return. The clone is physically identical to the original and has the same personality, memories, and abilities, but none of the original’s equipment. The original creature’s physical remains, if they still exist, become inert and can’t thereafter be restored to life, since the creature’s soul is elsewhere.

Now, presumably if you used Clone on a creature under the effects of True Polymorph, the spell would only clone the active layer of True Polymorph, meaning that the base creature underneath would not get cloned. However, the dragon’s Change Shape feature specifically grants it the ability to transform back into its true form with an action. I suppose my confusion is just what that means for the cloned creature. Could it still turn back into its dragon-form with an action, or would its “true form” now just be its cloned form, making this action essentially useless?

Would a house rule letting anyone cast their ritual spells as rituals be unbalanced?

By default, there are limited ways for characters in D&D 5E to cast ritual-tagged spells as rituals. Either they choose a class with the Ritual Casting feature, choose warlock with the Book of Ancient Secrets invocation, or choose the Ritual Caster feat.

I’m considering a house rule that gives this benefit to any spellcaster. The rule would add some utility to a wider variety of party combinations (e.g., parties without a wizard), letting their casters save some spell slots during their adventuring day. The wording would be something like the following:

If a feature lets you cast a spell that has the ritual tag, then you can cast that spell as a ritual.

This rule should apply to ritual-tagged spells gained through a class, subclass, racial feature, or any other feature. It could also apply to spellcasting NPCs. But it should not apply to spells cast through scrolls or other items.

So far I’ve considered possible consequences, and can’t find ways it could unfairly break or unbalance the game. Am I missing anything? What possible unbalances or exploits, if any, could be caused by this house rule?

Can a blood hawk animal companion carry around their beast master? [duplicate]

This question already has an answer here:

  • Can my familiar fly with a small person? 3 answers

Let’s say a gnome Beast Master ranger chooses a Blood Hawk animal companion, can the PC be flown around (carried) by their companion?

The blood hawk has a strength of 6, and thereby a carry capacity of 90lb.

Gnomes are between 3 and 4 feet tall and average about 40 pounds. (PHB p.37)

If yes, does the PC have free hands to act as normal while carried?

Can a character replace their Magic Initiate spells using the Spellcasting feature?

The feat Magic Initiate lets you learn a 1st level spell:

You learn that spell and can cast it at its lowest level. Once you cast it, you must finish a long rest before you can cast it again using this feat.

Depending on the class you choose, this spell will count as a [class] spell for the purpose of other features.

The Spellcasting class feature is one such feature that mentions [class] spells for classes like Rangers, Bards, and Sorcerers (among others):

Additionally, when you gain a level in this class, you can choose one of the [class] spells you know and replace it with another spell from the [class] spell list, which also must be of a level for which you have spell slots.

Could you replace the spell from Magic Initiate with another spell from that class’s class spell list upon gaining a level in that class?
If you replaced the spell with a higher level one “for which you have spell slots”, could you then still cast it once using the feat (i.e. without using a spell slot) between long rests?

I’d prefer answers from a RAW perspective, as I’m aware of Jeremy Crawford’s tweet indicating a sort of RAI perspective:

Magic Initiate doesn’t provide a way to replace its spells

How to show optimized list of posts with all their attachment images

In page-images.php template I have created this code which displays a list of posts which belong to a category and order them by meta value. So basically it is like a category page, generally nothing special except that each post isn’t shown as a single featured image but with all its images like this: enter image description here This code works but I ask myself how can it be more optimized? Since it has nested WP_Query. Page generates 100 queries and it should be a paginated list like this for each category and for many variations (depending on meta key).

$  query = new WP_Query( array(     'posts_per_page' => 25,      'cat' => 102, // Category ID     'meta_key' => 'rod', // Order by meta field value     'orderby'   => 'meta_value',     'order' => 'ASC',     'post_status' => 'publish',     'meta_query' => array( // Meta value should exists             array(                 'key' => 'rod',                 'value'   => array(''),                 'compare' => 'NOT IN'             )         )     ));  // Inside loop for each post get its images if ($  query->have_posts() ) {     while($  query->have_posts()) {     $  query->the_post();          $  args = array(             'posts_per_page' => -1,              'post_type' => 'attachment',             'post_mime_type' => 'image',             'post_status' => 'any',              'post_parent' => get_the_ID(),             'order' => 'DESC'             );         $  attachments = new WP_Query($  args);             ?>           <div class="col-md-10">             <?php // each loop has a title, meta field and images             <h2><?php echo get_the_title($  key); ?></h2>             <p><?php the_field('latinsko_ime', $  key); ?></p>              <div class="row">                 <?php while($  attachments->have_posts()) : $  attachments->the_post(); ?>                 <div class="col-md-3">                      <a href="<?php the_permalink(); ?>">                         <?php echo wp_get_attachment_image(get_the_ID(), 'category__loop', false, array('class' => 'img-fluid')); ?>                     </a>                  </div>                 <?php endwhile; ?>             </div>          </div>      <?php      }  } 

I have tried removing nested WP_Query and for each loop retrieve images like this $ gallery = get_post_gallery_images( get_the_ID() ); but in this case I have even more queries (127)

Can an Evocation Wizard that casts wish to duplicate Chaos Bolt add their intelligence modifier to the damage?

The Evocation Wizard gets the Empowered Evocation feature which states:

Beginning at 10th level, you can add your Intelligence modifier to one damage roll of any wizard evocation spell you cast.

The wish states:

The basic use of this spell is to duplicate any other spell of 8th level or lower. You don’t need to meet any requirements in that spell, including costly components. The spell simply takes effect…

Notably Empowered Evocation only applies when you cast wizard spells but the chaos bolt spell is Sorcerer exclusive.

I would like answers to assume that Duplicating a spell using wish counts as casting the duplicated spell. What I am unsure of is if a Wizard duplicates a spell with wish does that spell now count as a Wizard spell?