How to explain to traditional people why they should upgrade their old Windows XP device?

This is an issue I’m recurringly facing: older people from my family (or people who my family members know) can be surprisingly reluctant to apply most basic security measures when they’re using they’re PCs. The particular issues vary, but this time I’m struggling with a really eggregious one: the refusal to upgrade from their ~20 years old Windows XP PC. (Or is this an even older version of Windows? I don’t really know as I did not see it yet.)

How can I explain that it is a bad idea nowadays to connect to the internet with such a PC?

I think that this question will only be clear and meaningful if I add an addendum about the mindset of such people… which seems to me to be really peculiar:

  • They seem to have no notion of obsolescence of things. In their minds, a computer is in good shape if and only if it is capable to perform the tasks they need it to perform (eg. “receive this important document sent to my e-mail address, make such-and-such modifications to this document, send it back“). Thus if they’re able to do this it is hard to explain to them they should buy a new PC.
  • They remember the times of poverty, when it was irresponsible (and actually plain stupid) to replace things carelessly. In their times broken things were being fixed if possible, and only replaced if repairs were no longer possible. Some of them are still poor, so they may have actual (rather than just mental) reasons to refuse to spend a three digit sum on new things.
  • They seem reluctant to understand how to operate stuff from the modern era. They seem to want a concise, clearly defined order of steps necessary to perform a task (rather than understanding of the abstractions of modern GUIs so that they can operate their PCs regardless of whatever it shows them). If anything strays from this clear order of steps (eg the computer shows them an unexpected dialog) they get confused and may deem their computer “broken” (and call me to “fix” it for them).
    • Actual example: “I don’t know what happens, why can I not get to my e-mail inbox without all of this annoying stuff? It keeps displaying me these annoying messages about passwords and phone numbers! Please fix it for me so that clicking this picture will get me to my e-mail inbox!”
    • As a result, whenever anything changes in their computer (eg this WinXP is upgraded finally…) that interferes with their well-known, predictable order of steps / responses from their PC it is likely they’ll say I “broke more than I fixed”. They have a clear definition of “fixing” their PC… “make it behave exactly as it used to“.
  • When told about security (eg that a middle school kiddie next door could break into their PC) they tend to respond along the lines of “Am I working in a three letter agency?” or “Who am I, a millionaire? There’s no reason anyone would want to target me!

Actually, if I think about it, their point of view, even if fallacious, kind of makes sense… They simply treat a PC as a tool like that they’re accustomed of, something like a hammer or a (traditional, simple, devoid of electronics) vacuum cleaner… Their approach, listed above, seems reasonable if they were talking about a hammer rather than a PC, I guess…

I’m running out of arguments. In the spirit of this question, may I ask how to talk to such old-timers?

Why does Night Hag have greater skill proficiencies than what they should be?

The Night Hag has the following skill proficiencies:

Deception: 7, Insight: 6, Perception: 6, Stealth: 6

Challenge 5 means +3 proficiency bonus, so if we add the appropriate modifier, we should get the following:

Deception (CHA +3): 6, Insight (WIS +2): 5, Perception (WIS +2): 5, Stealth (DEX +2): 5

The actual values are all exactly 1 above the expected values, and I checked the entire SRD, it’s the only monster with this particuliarity (I took the possible expertise into account to make this claim). All the other monsters skills proficiencies are either correct or been errata’ed.

Also, the Night Hag (Coven Variant) has the values I’d expect.

Furthermore, the Night Hag has already been through a round of errata, so I just don’t get why those values are 1 point above the expected value without any text justifying it.

Does anyone have a clue? Is it an error? If yes, how should I report it?

Style Gutenberg metaboxes like they belong on the site

When you add a meta box to Gutenberg, it looks different than the other items in the editor. There is a HR, and the fonts are different.

enter image description here

Does anyone know how to fix this so it looks like a natural part of the site, and not “some junk Automattic didn’t add”.

Example code:

function myMetaBox() {     add_meta_box(         'MyMetaBox',         "Why the odd font?",         'myBoxOutputCallback',         'post',         'side'     ); }  add_action( 'add_meta_boxes', 'myMetaBox' );  function myBoxOutputCallback(){     echo ("Gutenberg is a great addition! NOT!"); } 

In a booking confirmation page, is it good UX to tell the user they have an option to cancel once they have booked?

We want to keep the page as simple as possible with the appointment schedule, booking fee and payment method.

But when keeping in mind a user-centric approach, a problem that might arise would be:

What if the user wants to know if they can still cancel the booking?

Would it be a distraction to the main flow(booking) if we explain to them the cancel policy in the confirmation page?

The policy goes something like :

“You may cancel at least 24 hours before the appointment schedule to get a 100% rebate.”

Take note that this app only charges the booking fee and a rebate would be given after they have cancelled, the payment for the service would be done after the service has been made.

One of the stakeholders also said that: “It would give the idea that we aren’t confident of our bookings because we give the users an idea that they can cancel”

Does silent image require the caster to actually have visual contact with the area they want to place the effect on?

Or the 60ft radius is all that matters, even if it is behind a wall?

To be even more specific, what about if it is a 15ft area in a location in-range that you have seen before but is now out of sight? And what about when on your turn you have visual contact with an enemy in a certain area, then move behind some cover and then place the illusion -area around the enemy & within the 60ft range-? I am placing this question because I have seen other illusory spells’ descriptions that specify that you must see where you place your spell. Silent image doesn’t specify whether the sight component is or isn’t required.enter image description here

Can Elves move when they Trance?

Elves have the Trance trait :

Elves don’t need to sleep. Instead, they meditate deeply, remaining semiconscious, for 4 hours a day. (The Common word for such meditation is “trance.”) While meditating, you can dream after a fashion; such dreams are actually mental exercises that have become reflexive through years of practice. After resting in this way, you gain the same benefit that a human does from 8 hours of sleep.

Can a Trancing elf move, such as by slowly walking in circles (pacing), without interrupting the Trance ?

(Specific reason I’m asking : I have an Elven Speedster character whose concept includes to be “always on the move, lest he dies”, a bit like a shark.)

Can a caster end the spell Delayed Blast Fireball immediately after the turn they cast it? [duplicate]

This question already has an answer here:

  • When exactly can a caster stop concentrating on a spell? 4 answers

The spell Delayed Blast Fireball states:

A beam of yellow light flashes from your pointing finger, then condenses to linger at a chosen point within range as a glowing bead for the duration. When the spell ends, either because your concentration is broken or because you decide to end it, the bead blossoms with a low roar into an explosion of flame that spreads around corners. Each creature in a 20-foot-radius sphere centered on that point must make a Dexterity saving throw. A creature takes fire damage equal to the total accumulated damage on a failed save, or half as much damage on a successful one.

The spell’s base damage is 12d6. If at the end of your turn the bead has not yet detonated, the damage increases by 1d6.

According to the concentration rules of The Rules of Magic (emphasis mine):

You can end concentration at any time (no action required).

Is it possible for a caster to cast Delayed Blast Fireball on their turn, end their turn (increasing the damage by a d6 by doing so), and immediately end the spell during the start of the next creature in the initiative order’s turn?

Do land circle druids use spell slots when they cast their land circle spells

Do land circle druids use spell slots for their land circle spells? If so, what is the advantage of being one? They don’t really get to cast any extra spells because their spell slots are no more frequent than they are for any other druid, and land stride is only useful in a very, very, very small percentage of situations.

Can a multiclass Wizard copy any Wizard spell they find into their spellbook?

The Wizard includes the following feature:

Copying a Spell into the Book. When you find a wizard spell of 1st level or higher, you can add it to your spellbook if it is of a level for which you have spell slots and if you can spare the time to decipher and copy it.

Does this mean that a Wizard 1/Cleric 19 can copy any Wizard spell they find into their spellbook?

Is there anything preventing them from casting these spells?