Transfer requests for localhost zone on my bind DNS server

I use Debian stretch and Bind 9.10.3 as my DNS server.

Today I saw the following entry in my log file:

Apr 17 23:04:22 ns named[111]: client (localhost): transfer of 'localhost/IN': AXFR started (serial 2) Apr 17 23:04:22 ns named[111]: client (localhost): transfer of 'localhost/IN': AXFR ended 

The IP address belongs to zone and whois points to INTERNET-RESEARCH-NET.

  1. Do I need to be concerned?
  2. Why do they transfer the localhost zone?
  3. Why is this transfer successful? (*)

(*) My config is largely the default Debian one. Importantly I have not modified the stock named.conf.default-zones file, i.e. no transfers should be allowed at all:

zone "localhost" {         type master;         file "/etc/bind/db.local"; }; 

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Who owns the domain name after a transfer?

I recently bought a .com domain name from a local registrar and I would like to transfer it to GearHost. This is the first time I’ve owned my own domain name, so there are still a lot of questions and confusion surrounding it all (you can probably tell by my use of certain words), but I’ll try to keep it short.

Apparently, GearHost itself doesn’t offer a way to buy a domain name, so it’s necessary to buy the domain name from somewhere else and transfer it to GearHost. ICANN regulations also require that you didn’t register/transfer it in the last 60 days. What I don’t understand is: who actually owns the domain name after the transfer from that point onward? Or, in other words, who do I have to pay to be able to keep my domain name, since GearHost doesn’t seem to offer the service of buying domain names?

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My main goal is to build Raspberry Pi cloud storage and I want to access it remotely. I can easily send commands via SSH.

However, transferring files bugged me due to its slow connection speed, or latency due to buffer, or other factors. I checked SFTP and FTPS for this.

My main goal is to send a file, let’s say mixed files of RAWs, JPGs, and MOVs that are about 5 Gigabytes, and to send it in minimum amount of time. I think this is possible if I encrypt the file first on my local machine and send it through some connection, then decrypt the file once it reaches there completely.

What are your suggestions to send large files securely?

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How to securely transfer files from a possibly infected WinXP machine to Linux?

There is an old Windows XP installation that was being used without even an antivirus. This WinXP computer has files. These files are important and should be moved to a Linux installation. Given the lack of any security practices on the side of the WinXP owner it seems possible that the data contains malware.

I can now:

  • Ignore this and simply keep using these files in Linux; after all Linux is supposed to not need AV.
    • At the very least the files should be scanned to avoid accidental redistribution of malware if they are ever sent to anyone else again
    • The files contain eg a multitude of .odt / .doc documents – maybe it’s a very remote possibility, I don’t know, but malicious macros are OS independent?
  • Install ClamAV on Linux machine, scan the files, remove Clam afterwards.
    • AFAIK ClamAV is known for its poor detection rate – scanning the files with it is only marginally better than not scanning at all?
  • Install an AV on the WinXP machine (Panda Free AV still supports WinXP, doesn’t it?), scan the files there, only transfer them afterwards.
    • Which means going online with WinXP once again – this just feels wrong
  • Any options I overlooked?

I feel stuck. Not sure how to progress.

Note I wouldn’t like to manually inspect the files and eg remove any potentially suspicious files like .exe files while leaving safe files like .png files intact. Reason is the data is not mine, I was just asked to transfer it so that someone else may use them.

What is the accepted best practice in a situation like this?