Would it be balanced to change True Strike from a cantrip so simply an “Aim Action” that anyone can take?

There are few things in D&D 5E on which the consensus is as overwhelming as on the fact that True Strike is an extremely poor cantrip. As discussed in many places, the main problem is the action economy. As this answer to a similar question puts it, casting True Strike is not so much a benefit as it is a trade off: You waste your action on one turn in order to gain advantage and thus use your action more effectively on your next turn. As has also been pointed out countless times, this is rarely optimal, as attacking twice without advantage still has a better chance of hitting at least once than attacking once with advantage.

The generic scenario in which True Strike actually helps is when a character needs to put all their focus into making sure that one crucial, strategically relevant attack actually hits. Putting it like that doesn’t let it sound particularly magical: the character just takes their time to aim.

Would it be balanced to introduce an Aim Action, that is available to everyone and does exactly what True Strike does (mechanically)?

I also noticed that the Unearthed Arcana Class Feature Variants include the "Cunning Action: Aim" for the rogue. Having a general Aim Action and allowing this feature variant would keep in line with the idea that the Cunning Action lets the rogue do things anyone can do, just quicker. It’s Unearthed Arcana, so this may not be a great argument, but I like how consistent it feels.

What’s the extent of things that a charmed creature would do for you under the effects of the *awakened* spell?

Unlike other charms, with awaken you can literally transform a beast or plant into higher-intelligence form of life. For example, an awakened tree gets to have intelligence like humans, limbs, ways to communicate and so on. It gives them freedom they never had.

Do they see the caster as their creator or something? If the caster asks the awakened tree to help in combat, or fight monsters as an ally, would they do it?

Would this homebrew version of True Strike be balanced?

True Strike has been a popular discussion point. On one hand, it’s considered one of the weakest spells in the game, but on the other, balancing it as being a bonus action seems to make it overpowered.

My approach is based on its fluff text.

Your magic grants you a brief insight into the target’s defenses.

I propose that, similarly to the Fighter’s Know Thy Enemy feature, True Trike would grant advantage on an attack in the next turn, as before, and, additionally,

The DM tells you if the creature is your equal, superior, or inferior in regard to two of the following characteristics of your choice:

  • Intelligence score
  • Wisdom score
  • Charisma score
  • Armor Class
  • Current hit points
  • Total class levels, if any
  • Total spellcasting levels, if any

I’m not sure if two characteristics is too much, compared with the Fighter’s 7th level feature. This would be one of the few ways (if any?) to get information about a creature’s mental scores, and it clearly has more of a caster-vibe than Know Thy Enemy.

How balanced would this be?

Would it be balanced to change True Strike from a cantrip to a 1st level spell?

True Strike is often considered as a poor or at least very situational cantrip, as is also discussed in the question Why would I ever cast True Strike?. On the other hand, the answers also show that there are indeed situations in which the cantrip can be very useful. I like these scenarios, and I would like to see them in more games, but players hardly ever pick True Strike.

From my experience, the main problem is its high opportunity cost: Most characters get only few cantrips, so choosing a cantrip with such situational benefit is not very attractive. If it were a 1st level spell, it would even get a bit weaker in the sense that it now would consume a spell slot, but learning it would be much less of an investment. Since the cantrip does not scale with the character level, changing it to a 1st level spell wouldn’t need any further mechanical adjustments. Hence my question:

Would it be balanced to change True Strike from a cantrip to a 1st level spell in order to encourage players to choose it at all?

What language would be appropriate for texts to be written in about Thor (Forgotten Realms)?

In our LMoP campaign, there is a Cleric whose deity is Thor. He has come across several texts that discuss Thor (myths and religious texts).

What language would those texts most likely be written in?

(I don’t know if this is helpful context, but he is a Wood Elf).

Would Illuski (Nordic) languages be appropriate here?

If the all ports are filtered or closed as result of nmap scan, what would be the next logical step to take?

Is that mean I would need to get a physical access to the device? or is there any other ways to get information, I’m trying to scan my own smartphone and all the ports are closed, and I did the same with my laptop and all the ports were filtered, so, I’m kind of stuck. On the other hand, all the information I found on Internet is relying on getting more results with differents nmap scans, so I guess my real question here is , Is there any other software, teqnique or anything to do that’s not involving nmap? `

(This is not a question about what does mean filtered or closed)

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How much security would s3bubble using AWS DRM Protected Video streaming actually be adding?

As the title says, how much security would s3bubble using AWS DRM Protected Video streaming actually be adding?

I watched s3bubble’s tutorial at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bC-tZhlYH8o but I cannot really tell how much safer this makes things. My target audience would be software engineers so assume reasonable technical capability, although the field is not security. Considering the video will still actually play in the browser, how hard is it really to still grab it anyway even if direct download urls will be encrypted. I am not quite getting how this security is applied. Surely they could just reverse engineer the player?

Note simple screen capturing is out of scope.

Would a Minimus Imprisoned Paladin still provide aura benefits to nearby allies?

If you cast imprisonment with the option Minimus Containment on a high-level paladin, can you wear the gem as a necklace and continue to gain paladin buffs? This is assuming that the paladin continues to view you as an ally.

I assume that the paladin is considered to be conscious since the spell does not say otherwise and it mentions that it is possible for the creature trapped inside the gem to view what is going on outside.

Does a natural 20 on an attack cause a critical hit (even if the attack would have missed)?

Related question

I was going over the degrees of success rules in relation to the above question and it’s answers and came across a bit of rules that seem contradictory.

Step 4: Determine degree of success (Core Rulebook, General Rules, Checks p445)

You critically succeed at a check when a check’s result meets or exceeds the DC by 10 or more. If the check is an attack roll, this is sometimes called a critical hit. You can also critically fail a check. The rules for critical failure—sometimes called a fumble—are the same as those for a critical success, but in the other direction: if you fail a check by 10 or more, that’s a critical failure.

If you rolled a 20 on the die (a “natural 20”), your result is one degree of success better than it would be by numbers alone.

We are, in general, pretty familiar of this concept introduced in the playtest era. However, there are more rules that seem like they may be more specific.

Critical Hits (Core Rulebook, Equipment, Weapons, Attack Rolls p278)

When you make an attack and roll a natural 20 (the number on the die is 20), or if the result of your attack exceeds the target’s AC by 10, you achieve a critical success (also known as a critical hit).

If you critically succeed at a Strike, your attack deals double damage (page 451). Other attacks, such as spell attack rolls and some uses of the Athletics skill, describe the specific effects that occur when their outcomes are critical successes.

This second section makes no accounting for "would have been a success/hit", and says that "When you make an attack and roll a natural 20 […] you achieve a critical success." Does this make attack an exception to the rules that natural 20’s only take you one degree higher on success?

How one would go about making their own YouTube video recommendation engine? [closed]

I’m looking into the possibility of creating a website that would serve as an alternative to YouTube’s video recommendations, attempting to recreate the old experience of getting lost in YouTube before the algorithm drastically changed and became what it is today.

What are the hurdles that one has to go through when building such a project? How would one pull the necessary information to use? What is the common approach when building recommendation engines? Is it even allowed by Google?

Self-research was already done, yet no sufficient answers were found.