What does Lambda Calculus teach us about data?

  1. Can we generalize that data is just a suspended computation?
  2. Is this true for other models of computation?
  3. What books, or papers, one should read to better understand the nature of data and its relation to computation?

Some context: as a software developer, I got used to the concept of data so much that I never considered its true nature. I’d very much appreciate any references that could help me better understand the general connection between data and computation.